• Title, Summary, Keyword: 북한이탈청소년

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Study Health Promoting Lifestyle on Depression, Stress and Self-esteem of North Korean Adolescents Refugees (북한이탈청소년의 우울, 스트레스 및 자아존중감에 따른 건강증진생활 연구)

  • Lee, Ju Hyun;Kim, Min Ji;Park, Hyunchun;Yu, Shi-Eun;Noh, Jin-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.160-167
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    • 2015
  • This study is to investigate the relationship between health promoting lifestyles around the psychosocial aspects such as depression, stress and self-esteem of young North Korean defectors. In particular, the purpose is mentally still less of a mature compared to adults, adolescents need greater understanding. For this purpose, North Korean Youth 150 people were surveyed, questionnaires 85 parts were used in the final analysis excluded from the additional 65. To analyze the factors affecting the health of life was performed multiple linear regression. Analysis result, general self, school self, stress had significant influence on health promoting lifestyles. The conclusion of this study is social psychology factors such as stress self-esteem of North Korean Adolescents refugees is addressed health promoting lifestyles and causal relationship, and promote health of adolescents shows wonderful self-esteem. It suggests that the necessary establishment. This effort is called for to reliably establish the North Korean youth to be part of a future South Korean society.

A Study on the Mediating Effect of Empathetic Capabilities in the Relationship Between Attachment to Parents and Behavior Problem (북한이탈청소년의 부모애착과 문제행동의 관계에서 공감능력의 매개효과 연구)

  • Chae, Kyung-hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.623-634
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the structural relationship between parental attachment, behavior problem, and empathetic capabilities. For this study, the researcher chose the study participants among the North-Korean defector high school students who are currently attending high schools. The survey was conducted over the period from April 4 to June 10, 2020. A total of 257 questionnaires were used for this study. The data of this study were analyzed using SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0. The findings of this study were as follows; First, the parental attachment of the juvenile North Korean defectors had a negative impact on delinquency. Second, the parental attachment of the juvenile North Korean defectors had a positive impact on empathetic capabilities. Third, the empathetic capabilities of juvenile North Korean defectors had a negative impact on delinquency. Fourth, in the relationship between parental attachment and delinquency, the empathetic capability was shown to have a significant mediating effect. This study showed that, in the perspective of social welfare or psycho-therapy, it is necessary to develop various programs to enhance the empathetic capabilities of juvenile North Korean defectors while helping them form a healthy attachment to their parents in order to reduce their delinquency.

The Mediating Effect of Social Support in the Relationship between Self-Differentiation and Interpersonal Relationship (북한이탈청소년의 자아분화와 대인관계의 관계에서 사회적지지의 매개효과)

  • Chae, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.357-369
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the influential relationship between self-differentiation, interpersonal relationships, and social support of adolescent North Korean defectors as well as the mediating effects of social support in the relationship between self-differentiation and interpersonal relationships. For this study, the participants were selected among student North Korean defectors aged between 9 and 24 years. With these participants, a survey was conducted from November 4 to December 14, 2019. Two hundred eighteen questionnaires were used in the analyses, which were conducted with SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0. The analyses yielded the following findings. The self-differentiation of the adolescent North Korean defectors had a positive impact on interpersonal relationships. The self-differentiation of adolescent North Korean defectors had a positive impact on social support, and the social support of adolescent North Korean defectors had a positive impact on interpersonal relationships. In the relationship between self-differentiation of adolescent North Korean defectors and their interpersonal relationship, social support had a mediating effect. This study showed that by improving the level of social support and self-differentiation of adolescent North Korean defectors, it would be possible to improve their interpersonal relationship issues.

A Case Study on Song-Based Supportive Music Psychotherapy to Improve Resilience of North Korean Defector Adolescents (노래기반 지지적 음악심리치료를 통한 북한이탈청소년의 적응유연성 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jimin
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.25-50
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    • 2020
  • This case study explored changes in resilience of North Korean defector adolescents who underwent supportive music psychotherapy that included song discussion and song writing. Participants were three adolescents who escaped from North Korea. Sixty-minute sessions were conducted twice a week over four weeks for a total of seven sessions. The sessions were constructed to enhance hardiness and goal-directedness and used the process of discussing song lyrics, writing original lyrics, and composing music to help the participants strengthen their inner resources and identify healthier and more adaptive strategies for living in South Korea. The resilience scale measured at pre- and post-intervention showed that all participants increased their total scores and subscores related to hardiness and goal-directedness. Also, observation and analysis of their behavior, verbal responses, and lyric writing during the sessions revealed that the participants engaged more in the song-based music therapy process as the sessions went on and also expressed more positive perceptions of their ability to manage challenges and stress. These results indicate that active engagement in decision-making related to creating lyrics and composing music helped the North Korean defector adolescents to perceive themselves as capable of coping with stressful situations and independently solving problems, which are important for enhancing resilience.

Follow-up Study on the Acculturation and Adataption to South Korea among North Korean Defecting Adolescents (북한이탈청소년의 문화변용 추적과 남한사회 적응에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Soon-Hae;Lee, Sook-Young;Kim, Sun-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.1
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    • pp.343-365
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    • 2010
  • It is a follow-up study on acculturation types and adaptation level to South Korea among North Korean defecting adolescents who participated in the study with the same purpose five years ago(2003). The study of 2003(1st year study) was done with 90 adolescents, out of whom 46 participated in this study(2nd year study). The data from 46 subjects who participated in both 1st and 2nd studies were analyzed. The results on individual acculturation type showed that 40% of the respondents who belonged to 'marginal' or 'separated' types in the 1st study were changed to 'assimilated' or 'integrated' types in the 2nd. Twenty percent changed from 'assimilated' or 'integrated' types in the 1st study to 'marginal' or 'separated' in the 2nd. Furthermore, the higher is the acceptance level of South Korean culture, the lower are their psycho-social problems and the higher is the satisfaction level of daily lives in South Korea. While the higher is the preservation level of North Korean culture, the higher is aggression. Based on the results, the study developed discussion on diverse alternative plans for helping North Korean defecting adolescents in successfully adjusting to the South Korean society.

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The Effect of Young North Korean Defectors' Stress on their Life Satisfaction: with the use of Self-esteem as a Mediating Variable (북한이탈청소년의 스트레스가 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감을 매개변수로 활용하여)

  • Park, Hyunchun;Choi, Hyojin;Yun, Hyo Young;Kwon, Young Dae;Noh, Jin-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.225-235
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships among young North Korean defectors' stress, self-esteem, and life satisfaction, to analyze the factors affecting their life satisfaction, and to suggest improvement plans. The study subjects were 126 young North Korean defectors. Path analysis was conducted to analyze the mediating effect of self-esteem in affects of their stress on life satisfaction. According to the analysis, stress negatively and significantly influenced self-esteem (-0.30, p<.01), and self-esteem positively and significantly affected life satisfaction (0.41, p<.001). Although stress had not a direct effect on life satisfaction, had not a indirect effect with the use of self-esteem as a mediating variable (LL 95% CI -0.093, UL 95% CI -0.002).

Experience of Adaptation to School Life in South Korea of North Korean Defector Youths: Based on Focus Group Research Method (북한이탈청소년의 남한학교생활 적응경험: 포커스그룹 연구방법 적용)

  • Park, Young Suk
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.149-158
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    • 2018
  • Background: This study is a qualitative research conducted to identify the core theme and essence of the North Korean defector youths by intensively exploring the experience of adapting to school life in South Korea. Methods: The participants were 11 young people of 20~25 year olds who had attended middle and high school in South Korea. The data was collected through focus group interviews and analyzed by content analysis. Results: The results found 5 clusters of theme, 14 themes, 34 categories. The 5 clusters of theme were 'Astonishment in a new country', 'Hard to bear existential pain', 'Desperate struggles to survive', 'Two-facedness of support inside and outside of school', 'Unfinished burden of reality'. Conclusions: This research suggest that practical ways to help the youths such as authentic approaches, necessary information and material support, support for making friends and friendship, providing college admission information and support, parent training and mentoring.

Factors Affecting School Drop-out Intention of North Korean Refugee Youth (북한이탈청소년의 학교중도탈락 의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Yeun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.191-215
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the factors that influence the school drop-out of North Korean refugee youth and to generate recommendations for social work practice and the resettlement policies of the government to ameliorate the high school drop-out rate among North Korean refugee youth. This study examined the effects of the environmental factors such as the quality of parenting practice, peer attachment and the kind of school a youngster attends, and personal characteristics such as self-respect and acculturation stress level, and academic efficacy on the school drop-out intention. Gender, duration of stay in Korea, family economic status were established as control variables. The drop-out intention was used as a proxy for drop-out behavior. The study findings indicate that the personal characteristics such as gender, self-respect and acculturation stress, academic efficacy were the significant influencing factors, whereas environmental factors such as quality of parenting, peer attachment did not exert any statistically significant effect on the drop-out intention. At the conclusion, the implications of the study findings for research, social work practice and the government policies were discussed.

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An Analysis on Operational Conditions of Non-Profit Organizations for the North Korean Defector (북한이탈주민을 위한 비영리단체의 운영 실태분석)

  • Choi, Hee;Kim, Youngsoon
    • Asia-pacific Journal of Multimedia Services Convergent with Art, Humanities, and Sociology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2017
  • Through the evolutionary process of the North Korean defector support policies, this research investigates the background behind the formation of non-profit organizations for the North Korean defectors and to identify and understand the problem through their characteristics and functions. Starting from 1990, with an increase in the North Korean Defectors' population as well as the introduction of multicultural society, various environmental factors, such as the domestic socio-environmental changes, resulted an increase in number of private organizations. However, not to mention the size and functions of the organizations, some do not even have required legal organizational structures in place. Their business activities, in some cases, are irrelevant to the original purpose and objectives. Moreover, the fact that 83% of the North Korean Defectors Organizations are based in Seoul while 25.5% of the North Korean Defector residing in Seoul, inevitably make the reputation of the organizations to be illegal and dishonest due to the excessive level of competitions among the similar types of organizations. In reality, the organizations show lack of growth in the areas such as securing necessary employments to the Defectors or providing educations to the youth, who will eventually become the future leaders, in building the awareness capacity toward the unification. These results show that, in conducting their activities, the organizations must be aware of the rights and responsibilities as the constituents of the society, plus the government's practical efforts in improving these issues are also necessary.

Children's Mental Health in Multicultural Family and North Korean Defectors in South Korea (다문화 및 북한이탈주민 가정 자녀의 정신건강)

  • Lee, So Hee;Lee, Sun Hea
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.124-131
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    • 2013
  • South Korea is changing into a multi-cultural society, due to an increase in international marriage, foreign workers and transcultural immigration. In addition, the number of North Korean defectors entering South Korea has increased and now, there are approximately 25000. Therefore, this review have focused on a research that pertains to adaptation and mental health concerns of their children. Children who have immigrated themselves or whose parents have immigrated, might experience language barriers, difficulties in school adjustment, identity confusion and mental health problems. However, their academic performance and developmental status are known to be variable and be affected by socioeconomic status and their parents' educational level. Studies that evaluated the psychological problems of North Korean adolescent refugees' indicated the need for interests in both emotional and behavioral problems. The risk factors of North Korean adolescent refugees' mental health are suggested to be past traumatic experiences, long duration of defection and short period of adaptation. When mental health professionals provide assessment and treatment, they should consider the pre- and post-migration experiences & cultural background that affect the illness behaviors and attitudes toward mental illnesses. Lastly, the majority of children with multi-cultural background are still under an adolescent period and we should follow up with long-term perspectives.