• Title, Summary, Keyword: 말기암 환자

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Information Needs and Satisfaction among Family Members of Terminal Cancer Patients through Phone Cancer Information Services (말기 암 환자 가족의 전화상담을 통한 정보요구와 만족도 조사)

  • Kwon, Kyeung-Eun;Kim, Boon-Han;Chang, Yoon-Jung;Kim, Hee-Jung;Jung, Yun
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This exploratory study was undertaken to analyze the information needs of family members of terminal cancer patients, collected through the telephone counselling service by National Cancer Information Center. Methods: The study included 113 family members of terminal cancer patients who had enrolled at the National Cancer Information Center for the period from June, 2007 through March, 2008 and had agreed to the survey. Results: The subjects (n=113) consisted of grown-up children (n=82) and spouses (n=8) of patients'. Those in their 40's (n=40) and 30's (n=36) accounted for the majority of the sample. The questions raised most were about the information on treatment methods (n=117), management of terminal cancer patients (n=46), terminal cancer patients' life (n=27), deathbed and prediction of remaining life (n=18), hospitalization (n=16), and financial support (n=15). Most of the subjects were satisfied with the telephone counseling services, and 69% of the subjects had come to know about the telephone counseling service via Internet, and 10.6% of them stated that the PR for the service was poor. Conclusion: It is deemed essential for the government to use the mass media for PR of the hospice services, since family members of terminal cancer patients' are less aware of the hospice conducive to enhancement of patients' remaining quality of life, being involued too deeply in their treatment.

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Nurses' Perception on Fluid Therapy for Terminally Ill Patients (말기 환자의 수액요법에 대한 간호사의 인식)

  • Jo, Hyeon-Sook;Cho, Ok-Hee;Yoo, Yang-Sook
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.243-251
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate how nurses who take care of terminal patients perceive fluid therapy and how this therapy is currently being used in hospitals. Methods: This survey included 200 nurses, 87 of whom were working in the oncology units of 3 university hospitals in Seoul, Korea, and 113 were working in 18 hospice centers. The data for this study were collected by means of structured questionnaires and analyzed by using the Statistical Analysis System software. The differences in perception towards fluid therapy between nurses working in oncology units and those working in hospice centers were examined using the $x^2$ test and analysis of covariance. Results: Fluid therapy was perceived more negatively by the nurses from hospice centers than by those from oncology units. Continuous subcutaneous infusion was used in hospice centers, but not in oncology units. In addition, the average amount of fluid infused daily differed significantly between the oncology units and hospice centers. Conclusion: Our results show that there were differences in the perception towards fluid therapy between nurses in different clinical settings. Nurses caring for terminal and palliative care patients should not simply provide or withhold fluid therapy, but rather develop a wider range of views on fluid therapy, focusing on effective alternative interventions.

The Single-Session Group Education for Advanced & Terminal Cancer Patients and their Family Members (진행암 및 말기암 환자와 가족을 위한 집단 교육 프로그램)

  • Lee, Young-Sook;Heo, Dae-Seuk;Kim, Mi-Ra;Kim, Won-Gyung;Choi, Jeong-Yun
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.64-72
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This research aims to assess the effect of a single session of group education of hospice program at Seoul National University Hospital for the advanced and terminal cancer patients and their family members. Methods: Response to questionnaires from 89 participants were evaluated using SAS and CHISQ analysis. The questionnaires included the following items: 1) the characteristics of participants; 2) the characteristics of patients; 3) the difficulties of patient care; 4) the satisfaction with the program Results: The participants consist of 33 patients (37.5%) and 56 family members (56.2%). Diagnosis included mainly stomach, lung, breast, and colon cancer. Participants of family members consisted of spouse, parent, children, daughter-in-law, and siblings (in decreasing order). The participants were interested in the medical information, nutrition, pain and symptom management, and psychosocial adaptation. They had difficulties in emotional problem, nutrition and symptom management. Even though it was a single session of group education, the level of satisfaction was high (95%). Conclusion: This research shows that even the single session of the group education for the advanced and terminal cancer patients and their family members is very helpful by giving them the necessary information. In order to develop comprehensive care-giving services, more specific informations, more opportunities to participate in such sessions and longer question-answer time is required.

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A Phenomenological Study of Experience about Family Caregivers' Caring for Their Terminal Cancer Patient (호스피스 병동 말기 암 환자 가족의 돌봄 경험에 관한 현상학적 연구)

  • Yang, Eun-Sook;Lee, Dong-Hun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.667-685
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning and essence of experience of family members as care-givers of terminally ill cancer patients at hospice wards. This study was based on the Giorgi phenomenological method, which describes the experiences about the family caregivers. We had in-depth interview with spouses and orthogonal families of nine terminally ill cancer patients. Results were drawn into 13 essential themes, 45 sub themes, and 122 main points. The essential themes are as follows: "cling of life", "bed-keeper", "sacrifice of care", "physical and mental exhaustion during care process","feeling of love and hatred", "avenge on a patient", "self-condemnation", "futility after exhaustion", "consolation of other caregivers", "utmost efforts in resignation", "freedom from suffering", "paradoxical blessing of cancer", "introspected revolution", and "preparation of a dignified death". Implications and limitations are discussed based on study results.

Symptom Experience in Terminal Cancer Patients during the Last 48 Hours of Life (말기 암환자의 임종 전 48시간 동안의 임상증상)

  • Sim, Yun-Su;Kim, Do-Yeun;Nam, Eun-Mi;Lee, Soon-Nam
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.190-194
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: Individual cancer patients often experience many symptoms that impair their quality of life at the end of life. Identifying symptoms at the terminal stage of cancer patients and possible imminent death prediction by using that assessment can assist physicians and patients in preparing the 'peaceful death'. This study examines symptom experience during the last 48 hours of life of terminal cancer patients, and determines whether symptom experience change with proximal to death. Methods: The medical records of 89 patients who died with terminal cancer at a hospital between July 1, 2003 and March 31, 2006 were reviewed. Symptom prevalence at the last 48 hours was analyzed along with the change of symptom experience at the admission, $48{\sim}24$ hours, and $24{\sim}0$ hours before death. Results: Median age of all patients was 62 years old (range $16{\sim}97$). During the last 48 hours, symptom prevalence was described as follows; unclear consciousness (57%), pain (30%), fever (22%), and dyspnea (19%). According to the primary site, unclear consciousness was notified the most frequent symptom, but fever was relatively high prevalence in patients of biliary origin cancer rather than other site cancer (P=0.012). As death was Impending, the prevalence of poor appetite and general weakness were decreased, while that of unclear consciousness was increased, which were all statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The presence of unclear consciousness could be regarded as the symptom indicator as imminent death of terminal canter patients.

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A Comparison of Perceived Nursing Needs among Oncology Nurses, Patients with Non-terminal Cancer and Patients with Terminal Cancer (간호사, 비말기 암환자 및 말기 암환자가 지각한 간호요구의 중요도와 제공정도에 대한 비교)

  • Choi, Ja Yun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.1135-1143
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the perceived importance and the perceived caring of nursing needs among oncology nurses, patients with non-terminal cancer and patients with terminal cancer. Method: A total of 83 oncology nurses, 56 patients with non-terminal cancer and 39 patients with terminal cancer served as subjects. Data was collected based on the 4-point Likert scale using a self-administered questionnaire from Mar. to Sept. 2004. Finally, data was analyzed using mean, SD, paired-test,. and ANOVA. Results: The score of the perceived importance of nursing needs was higher than that of the perceived performance of nursing needs in all three groups. There was also a difference in the degree of perceived performance of nursing needs among the three groups. In contrast, there was no difference in the total score of the perceived importance of nursing needs among the three groups, unlike the importance of informational and physical needs as a subgroup of perceived importance, where a difference was noted. Conclusions: Strategies should be developed to narrow down these gaps between nurses and patients. In particular, informational and educational programs should be designed for patients with terminal cancer.

Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio as a Prognostic Factor in Terminally Ill Cancer Patients (말기 암 환자에서 호중구-림프구 비가 예후인자로서 생존기간에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Wan-Je;Hwang, Hee-Jin;Lee, Yong-Jae;Son, Ga-Hyun;Oh, Seung-Min;Lee, Hye-Ree;Shim, Jae-Yong
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: In order to establish efficient palliative treatment plans. It is important to estimate the survival time of a terminally ill cancer patient as accurate as possible. Proper estimation of life expectancy aids not only in improving the quality of life of the patient, it also promotes productive communication between the medical staff and the patient. The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio as a predictor of survival time in terminally ill cancer patients. Methods: Between January 2004 and June 2007, 67 terminally ill cancer patients who were admitted or transferred for palliative care, were included. Patients were categorized into three groups by Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio. Demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics and blood samples were analyzed. Results: In univariate analysis, survival time of the highest Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio group (${\geq}12.5$) was significantly shorter than that of the others (hazard ratio (HR)=3.270, P=0.001). After adjustment for low performance status (ECOG score 4) and dyspnea, high Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (${\geq}12.5$) was significantly and independently associated with short survival time (HR=2.907, P=0.007). Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio was also significantly increased before death (P=0.001). Conclusion: Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio can be useful in predicting life expectancy in terminally ill cancer patients.

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The Experience of Hospice Nurse on Caring for Terminal Cancer Patients in the Era of Convergence. (융복합시대에 말기 암 환자를 돌보는 호스피스 병동 간호사의 경험)

  • Yeo, Hyeong-Nam
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.307-315
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to understand and describe in depth the meaning of the hospice nurse's experience in caring for terminal cancer patients through phenomenological methods. Participants of this study were selected from 9 nurses who have been working for more than 1 year in the hospice palliative ward of a kind hospital located in C city. Data were collected from July 2019 to September 2019 by using in-depth interview. Interview data were analyzed by Giorgi's phenomenological method. The analysis revealed the following constituents; Burden of work, Become mature, Forming a close relationship, Lack of support for hospice. Conclusion, It is thought that the experience of hospice nurses who care for terminal cancer patients will be provided with a comprehensive and comprehensive understanding from their point of view, thereby contributing to the development of effective support system and administrative support system based on their experience.

Medications at the End of Life Care for Terminal Cancer Patients during Their Last Admission (말기 암 환자의 마지막 입원 동안 임종돌봄시의 약제들)

  • Kim, Do-Yeun
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: To evaluate medications at the end of life care for terminal cancer patients during their last admission. Methods: Medical records of terminal cancer patients during their last admission from July 2003 to April 2008 at a district academic hospital were evaluated. Patient's characteristics, therapeutic drug classification during their last admission and on the patient's day of death, and the administrated route and number of medications on the patient's day of death were analyzed. Results: Total 81 patients were included. The median patient age was 63 years. The median length of admission was 18 days (range: 1~101). 54% of the patients had more than one comorbidities. The most frequently prescribed drugs during the last admission were opioid analgesics (63%), followed by antibiotics (58%) and antacids (53%). On the day of death, common medications were antibiotics (59%), antacids (58%), and opioid analgesics (46%). Intravenous injection was given to 81% of the patients and intramuscular injection was given to 16% of the patients on the day of patient's death. Number of medications prescribed to patients was between 0 and 11 (median: 3) and 12% (10/81) of the patients took over 8 medications including intravenous and oral drugs on the day of death. 6% (5/81) of the patients took potentially futile medications, like multivitamin or statin until the day of death. Conclusion: This study suggests that potentially futile medications and uncomfortable care were given to terminal cancer patients. Multicenter-based studies are necessary to diminish futile medications by essential medication at the end of life care for terminal cancer patients.

Medical Expenses during the last 6 Months of Life in Cancer Patients (암 환자의 사망 전 6개월의 의료비용)

  • Park, No-Rai;Yun, Young-Ho;Shin, Soon-Ae;Jeong, Eun-Kyeong
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.109-113
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : Because we don't have inappropriate health care system for the terminal cancer patients, there were abnormal behavior patterns of health care utilization. So, There were needs to develop the comprehensive care for terminal cancer patients. Increased attention is being paid to the futility of life-sustaining treatment and high cost of management of terminal cancer patients Materials and Methods : This study was performed on cancer patients, registered in 1996 Central Cancer Registry, who were as insured person of Korea Medical Insurance and died from January 1997 to June 1998. We studied the day of medical care and medical expenses of 151 cancer patients evaluable. Results : The mean day of inpatient care was 39 days, and the mean days of outpatient care was 14 days in study subjects. Mean expenses per day of medical care, day of inpatient, and day of outpatients care were 85,392 won, 105,908 won, and 40,173 won. 95% of medical expenses is paid to the general hospital, and 85% of medical expenses was paid for inpatient care. About half of all medical expenses in th last 6 months were incurred in the last 60 days of life, and about 30 percent were incurred in the last 30 days. Expenses of outpatients care increased between 6 month and 3 months, after which they decreased. Expenses of inpatients care increased during all last 6months Conclusion : The distribution or medical expenses during the last 6 months in our study is similar to the distribution of American Medicare costs. We need to study medical expenses during the last year of life with large scale and details in order to develop the plan about the management of terminal cancer patient.

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