• Title, Summary, Keyword: 림프부종

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Exercise for reducing and controlling lymphedema in Women with breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis (여성 유방암 환자의 림프부종 감소와 조절을 위한 운동의 효과: 체계적 고찰과 메타분석)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Oh, Ki Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.512-520
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    • 2016
  • Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women, and lymphedema is one of the most common postoperative complications of breast surgery. Exercises are usually prescribed to prevent this occurrence. On the other hand, conflicting results regarding the effects and timing of such exercises have been reported. This study reviewed systematically the contemporary literature, peer-reviewed publications, and web sites of professional organizations that examined exercise for lymphedema prevention or therapy to determine the effects of exercise on lymphedema providing the best evidence for the treatment of patients. Exercise or training groups have strategies that appear to reduce the development of secondary lymphedema and altering its progression compared to the control group. Advances in cancer treatment, cancer and exercise research, and lymphedema management require physicians to have a basic understanding of the current evidence to provide the appropriate patient education and specialist referral.

Risk Factors for Lymphedema Patients (림프부종 환자에서의 위험 인자)

  • Jung, Gyou-Chul;Kim, Sun-Hyun;Yeom, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.156-162
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: Lymphedema is edema developing mainly in the arms and legs due to an abnormal lymphatic system, over one hundred millions of patient worldwide suffer from it. At present, prevention is the best treatment. Thus, It is important to know which patient are more pone to develop it in order to prevent it. By evaluating the risk factor for lymphedema, we intended to find the effective prevention. Methods: We have investigated that outpatients who chiefly complained of lymphedema visited the lymphedema clinic at one university hospital from September 1 in 2003 to August 31 in 2005. We evaluated the risk factor for lymphedema by questionnaires. Questionnaire consists of demographic data, disease factor, treatment factor, posttreatment factor. We evaluated the correlation between lymphedema with each factor. Results: The total number of patients was 50, 19 patients with breast cancer and 31 patients with cervical cancer. In terms of stages of edema, 12 patients were below stage 1 and 38 patients were above stage 2. The incidence of lymphangitis was more frequent, more obese and the impairment of the site of edema site more severe, the stage of cancer was higher in the patients higher than stage 2 than in the patients below stage 1 (P>0.05). Conclusion: Lymphedema is more severe when the cancer stage in higher, accompanying more frequent infections, more obesity and more impairment at the site of edema site. Above all, cancer stage and the impairment of edema site are impossible to correct but obesity and infection may be corrected. Therefore we speculate that we are able to protect the aggravation of edema by weight reduction and infection control.

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The Effect of Stellate Ganglion Block on Breast Cancer-Related Infectious Lymphedema (유방암 감염성 림프부종 환자에서 성상신경절 블록이 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Youn Young;Park, Hahck Soo;Lee, Yeon Sil;Yoo, Seung Hee;Lee, Heeseung;Kim, Won Joong
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.158-162
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    • 2018
  • Breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL) is one of the most intractable complications after surgery. Patients suffer from physical impairment, as well as psychological depression. Moreover, a recent study revealed that cellulitis significantly increased the risk of BCRL, and cellulitis has been suggested as a risk factor of BCRL development. We describe a patient treated with stellate ganglion blocks (SGBs) without steroid for relief of symptoms and reduction of the arm circumference of breast cancer-related infectious lymphedema in a month. We measured the arm circumference at four locations; 10 cm and 5 cm above and below the elbow crease, numeric rating scale (NRS) score, lymphedema and breast cancer questionnaire (LBCQ) score on every visit to the pain clinic. A serial decrease of the arm circumference and pain score were observed after second injection. In the middle of the process, cellulitis recurred, we performed successive SGBs to treat infectious lymphedema. The patient was satisfied with the relieved pain and swelling, especially with improved shoulder range of motion as it contributes to better quality of life. This case describes the effects of SGB for infectious BCRL patients. SGB could be an alternative or ancillary treatment for infectious BCRL patients.

Risk Assessment of Dermatolymphangioadenitis by Lymphoscintigraphy in Patients with Lower Extremity Lymphedema (하지림프부종 환자에서 림프신티그라피를 이용한 피부림프선염 위험도 평가)

  • Choi, Joon-Young;Hwang, Ji-Hye;Park, Jung-Mi;Lee, Kyung-Han;Kim, Sang-Eun;Kim, Dong-Ik;Lee, Byung-Boong;Kim, Byung-Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 1999
  • Purpose: Dermatolymphangioadenitis (DLA) is a common and serious complication of lymphedema which deteriorates lymphatic function. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of DLA by lymphos-cintigraphy in patients with lower extremity lymphedema. Materials and Methods: The subjects were 59 edematous lower extremities of 50 patients without previous episode of DLA and 12 lower extremities of 6 controls. Whole body images were acquired 1 min and 2 hr after subcutaneous injection of 37 MBq of Tc-99m-antimony sulfide colloid into interdigital spaces of both feet before therapy for lymphedema. The lymphosintigraphic and clinical variables were compared between groups with or without occurrence of DLA during clinical follow up. Results: There were 20 episodes of DLA in 12 extremities during clinical follow-up (19 :6 months). On univariate analysis, there were significant differences in ilioinguinal lymph node uptake, uptake pattern of main lymphatic vessel, clinical stage and therapy compliance between the two groups. After multivariate analysis, only the uptake pattern of main lymphatic vessel and therapy compliance fore confirmed to be independent variables. In other words, non-visualized main lymphatic vessel and poor compliance to therapy were more frequent in extremities with subsequent occurrence of DLA. Conclusion: Lymphoscintigraphy can be used to predict the risk of DLA and may thus be helpful for determining the initial therapeutic plan in patients with lower extremity lymphedema.

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Angiosarcoma in a Chronically Lymphedematous Leg - Stewart-Treves Syndrome - (하지의 만성 림프부종에 발생한 혈관육종 - Stewart-Treves 증후군 -)

  • Chun, Young-Soo;Shim, Hee-Seok
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.178-183
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    • 2009
  • Angiosarcoma is a very rare disease of soft tissue sarcoma, and angiosarcoma arising in a region of chronic lymphedema is referred to as Stewart-Treves syndrome. it typically occurs in postmastectomy lymphedema of the arm and sporadically in a lymphedematous leg. The prognosis, even with wide surgical excision and subsequent radiotherapy, is poor. The authors experienced a case of angiosarcoma in a chronically lymphedematous leg which had undergone hysterectomy due to cervical cancer 17 years ago and lymphedema of leg persists for about 16 years. We report a case of angiosarcoma with a brief review of the literature.

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Effect of a Needle Aspiration in Patients with Lymphedema (암 수술 후 발생한 림프부종 환자의 바늘 흡인술 효과)

  • Yang, Gu-Hwan;Kwak, Sung-Wook;Kim, Sun-Hyn;Shin, Young-Tae;Hwang, Hee-Jin;Park, No-Hyeok;Yeom, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: Lymphedemas are tissue fluid swellings, usually on the arms or legs, and occur as a result of impaired lymphatic drainage. Presently, the most effective treatment available is complete decongestive physiotherapy (CDP). However, this therapy is ineffective in some patients and surgery may be indicated. Herein, we examined the efficacy of minimally invasive needle aspiration of the most enlarged areas in hypodermic adipose tissues, of patients who had failed CDP. Methods: We included 21 patients who were diagnosed with lymphedema stage II-III in the upper or lower extremities and visited the lymphedema clinic at a university hospital from September 1, 2003 to February 28, 2004. All patients had been treated with CDP at least once, but had failed to respond to the therapy for more than one year. Nine patients had breast cancer and 12 had cervical cancer. We identified the area with the most severe edema by using MRI and performed a 16-gauge angio-needle aspiration on the area. The patients were followed up for 3 months. Effectiveness of the treatment was evaluated by comparing the volume of edema before and after the treatment using Wilcoxon signed rank-test. Results: The mean reduction ratio of the volume of edema comparison normal volume was 41.1${\pm}$35.3% (P=0.001). There were no major or minor operative complications except localized hemorrhage. Conclusion: We conclude that a needle aspiration prior to other surgical treatments is relatively safe and effective for those patients who are unresponsive to CDP.

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Spontaneous Chylothorax Associated with Primary Lymphedema (림프 부종과 동반된 특발성 유미흉)

  • Lee, Sung-Ho;Kim, Kwang-Taik;Gweon, Woo-Seog;Lee, Song-Am;Cho, Seong-Joon;Son, Ho-Sung;Sun, Kyung;Cho, Jong-Ho;Park, Sung-Min
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.37 no.8
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    • pp.718-721
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    • 2004
  • Chylothorax is defined as an extravasation of chylous fluid to the pleural cavity due to various causes, and a spontaneous chylothorax associated with primary lymphedema is an exceedingly rare condition. We report a case of the chylothorax associated with lymphedema. A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital for chest pain and dyspnea. He had been on medical treatment for lymphedema and his chest roentgenogram on admission revealed left pleural effusion. The diagnosis of chylothorax was confirmed by chemical analysis of the pleural fluid. The patient was treated successfully by ligation of the thoracic duct using video assisted thoracoscopic technique.

Arm Morbidity after Breast Cancer Treatments and Analysis of Related Factors (유방암 환자의 상지 부작용과 관련 요인)

  • Chun Mi Son;Moon Seong Mi;Lee hye Jin;Lee Eun-Hyun;Song Yeoung Suk;Chung Yong Sik;Park Hee Bung;Kang Seung Hee
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.32-42
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : To evaluate the incidence of arm morbidity following breast cancer surgery including axillary dissection and to identify related factors. Materials and Methods : One hundred and fifty nine patients were studied using a self-report questionnaire and a clinical examination. Lymphedema, reduction of range of motion in shoulder joint and subjective symptoms (pain, impaired arm movement, numbness, stiffness) were evaluated. As related factors, demographic, oncologic characteristics and types of treatment were analysed. Results : The incidence of lymphedema ($\geqq$2 cm difference comparing to unaffected arm) was $6.3\%$, $10.7\%$, $22.5\%$ and $23.3\%$ at each 10 cm, 20 cm, 30 cm, and 40 cm from wrist. Reduction of range of motion in shoulder joint ($\geqq$ 20 degree difference comparing to unaffected arm) was noted In more than 1/3 patients for flexion, abduction and internal rotation. Especially the reduction of range of motion in internal rotation was severe ($>50\%$ reduction) in 1/3 patients. Approximately 50 to $60\%$ of patients complained impaired arm movement, numbness, stiffness and pain. Body mass index (BMI) was the significant risk factor for lymphedema. Conclusion : Lymphedema was present in 1/3 of patients and the common sites of edema were 30 cm 40 cm proximal from the wrist. Also most severe reduction of range of motion in shoulder joint was with internal rotation. There needs weight control for lymphedema because BMI was the significant risk factor for lymphedema. Also rehabilitation program for range of motion especially internal rotation In shoulder joint should be developed.

Lower Extremity Edema in Terminal Cancer Patients (말기 암 환자에서의 하지 부종)

  • Shim, Byoung-Yong;Hong, Seok-In;Park, Ji-Chan;Hong, Sug-Hui;Choi, Gang-Heun;Cho, Hong-Joo;Kim, Seon-Young;Han, Sun-Ae;Lee, Ok-Kyung;Kim, Hoon-Kyo
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.152-155
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The lower extremity edema (LEE) is a common distressful symptom in advanced cancer patients and is hard to manage. We analyze the characteristics of LEE in patients with advanced cancer to provide the basic information of causes and adequate management. Methods: Physical examination, assessment of the location and severity of edema, blood chemistry (albumin, creatinine), Doppler Sono for patients with suspecting deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and abdomen CT scan for patient with suspecting lymph edema were performed. Severity of edema was classified according to NCI lymph edema scaling and improvement was defined as lowering at least 1 grade of edema after management. Results: Among 154 patient who had been admitted to Hospice Ward from Mar 2003 to Jan 2004, 33 had LEE, and 6 had both upper extremity edema and LEE except generalized edema. Their underlying cancers were stomach (7), lung (6), biliary tract (5), liver (5), colorectal (5), pancreas (2), and others (9). There were 12 patient with grade I, 20 patients with grade II, and 7 patients with grade III edema. The causes were hypoalbuminemia (11), lymph edema (10), DVT (7), obstruction of inferior vena cava (IVC) or portal vein (6), and dependent edema (5). The common managements were including leg elevation and diuretics. Elastic stocking was applied for patients with DVT and leg massage and pneumatic compression was used for lymph edema. The 2/3 patients were improved after management. Conclusion: The incidence of LEE in terminal cancer pts was high (25.3%) and their causes were variable including lymph edema, DVT, hypoalbuminemia and dependent edema. Active noninvasive management according to causes could result in good palliation.

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