• Title, Summary, Keyword: 디자인 특성

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An Examination of Japanese Modes Expressed in American Spatial Design (미국 건축 및 조경디자인에 나타난 일본양식에 관한 고찰)

  • 김신원
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.189-214
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구는 미국의 건축 및 조경공간 형성에 미친 일본문화를 파악하기 위한 기초연구로서, 일본문화 및 공간디자인의 특성과 미국건축 및 조경에 나타난 그 면모에 관한 것이다. 1853년 미국과 일본의 문화교류를 시작으로 일본의 예술과 건축이 미국에 소개되었고, 특히 1893년 Chicago에서 열렸던 Wor1ds Columbian Exposition에서 선보인 일본의 건축물은 당시 미국의 건축가들에게 영향을 주었다. 그후 일본의 공간디인은 건축뿐만 아니라 조경분야에도 영향을 미쳐 현재 미국의 공간디자인을 구성하고 있는 특성 가운데 하나로 자리잡고 있다. 필자는 미국의 공간디자인에 영향을 준 일본문화의 실재를 파악하기 위하여 한국과 중국의 문화와 구별되는 일본만의 독특한 문화적 특성을 고찰해보고, 미국 현대건축의 선구자인 Frank Lloyd Wright, Greece and Greene, Philip Johnson, Richard J. Neutra의 작품 및 조경디자이너인 Ethelbert E. Furlong, James C. Rose의 작품속에 나타난 일본식 공간디자인의 면모를 살펴보았다. 장래 이 분야의 연구에서는 미국문화의 특성이 고찰되어 미국과 일본의 두 문화가 비교 파악되기 위한 개념적 근거가 마련되고, 일본식 공간디자인이 미국에서 어떻게 이해되고 해석되어졌으며 미국식 공간 디자인으로 전환되었는지 살펴보며, 어떤 이유에서 일본의 공간디자인 양식이 미국의 건축 및 조경분야에서 문화적으로 일본보다 오랜 역사를 지닌 한국과 중국의 공간디자인 양식보다 커다란 영향을 주고 있는지에 관해 이해를 구하는 방향으로 연구가 수행되어야 함을 제안한다.

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A Study on the Effects Plastics have on the Product Designs through the Development of Plastic Materials - On & Around the Streamline favored by the Generation 1920-30'th - (플라스틱의 개발이 제품 디자인에 미친 영향에 관한 연구 - 1920-30년대 유선형을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Ok-Bun
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.283-292
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    • 2006
  • The Plastic material had been developed in the middle of the 19th century as an alternative material. Along with the development of the electrical engineering industry, it cropped up into center stage as an effective material and has increasingly expanded its use. As such, the plastic material has bound deep-seated ties with the design activities of industrial products, coming into the main material for a variety of industrial designs. Despite its dose affinity to design function in terms of its materialistic property, we have rarely seen examples of intensive study on the realtionship between plastics and designs. This study aims to find the importance that the substance affects industrial products in designs along with the development of plastic materials. With the objective in mind, we made a review of the streamline stylishness that had flourished in the twenties and thirties of the 19th century. Through this study, we understand that the plastic material has a close realtionshop with design activities in three different aspects. First, its amorphous state of nature makes it possible to change into any shape one desires in plastic surgery, which feature in turn influences the moulding of any design forms. Second, the plastic material is best suited to mass-manufacture, which induces to reduce the cost of production. Hence, the expansion of design industry. Third, the plastic material allows the multiple variety of colors, sensitivity, gloss and patterns and infinitely large possibility ranging from natural senses to human senses with the result that numberless diversity of designs cdould come into being.

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A Study on the Research of Special Quality of Italian Furniture Industry (이태리 가구 산업의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 박영희
    • Archives of design research
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    • no.18
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 1996
  • For the purpose of sped fying the character of Italian furniture industry, it's very important to analyse environmental aspects, in other word s, infrastructure of the furniture industry. These conditions that regional si tuation and circumstances, small and medium size of company depending upon the fami Iy oriented craftsman ship, roles of producers who are very keen on technical innovation and improvement, distribu tion structure and production status etc, are important factors to understand environmental characters of the furniture industry. Moreover, existence of various design languges according to design activities by architects un der that industrial structure is also regarded as the characters of that furniture industry. Through understanding the characters of Italian furniture industry and the drivig force of the growth, I would I ike to propose a role model for our domestic furniture industry.

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A Study on the Specific Expression in the Design of Andrea Branzi (안드레아 브란찌의 디자인 표현 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 한영호;이은화
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2004
  • Modern society is indefinable and constantly changes like nature changes. It uses design to create new experiments and trend within social environment and culture. In the history of interior architecture and postmodernism, the Italian design movement of Archizoom, Studio Alchimia and Memphis are very important, and Andrea Branzi was the central figure of this design movement. His experimental and defiant works throughout this design movement produced design with combination, indefiniteness, sustentation, and reiteration. Designers must recreate themselves continually and need to have constant experimental spirit and attempts. From this point of view, the study on Andrea Branzi who led Italian design revolution with various experiments and attempts is valuable, and it will help to find the direction of design in this modern social and cultural environment.