• Title, Summary, Keyword: 대응양식

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Development of the field survey technique on the slope hazards mitigation method and its application (급경사지재해 대응공법의 조사기법 개발 및 적용)

  • Song, Yeong-Seok
    • Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.90-95
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구에서는 자연사면을 대상으로 적용되는 급경사지 대응공법을 체계적으로 분류하였다. 급경사지재해 대응공법을 합리적으로 조사하기 위하여, 자연사면에 설치된 급경사지 대응공법의 특징을 기록할 수 있는 현장조사 양식을 개발하였다. 자연사면에서 급경사지재해 대응공법은 사면부 적용공법과 계곡부 적용공법으로 분류한다. 따라서 개발된 조사양식도 사면부과 계곡부로 구분하여 작성하도록 하였다. 무주 및 장수지역에 설치된 50개소의 급경사지재해 대응공법에 대한 현장조사결과 사면부의 경우 비탈다듬기와 표면보호를 위한 선떼붙이기, 비탈덮기 등이 주로 보강되어 있다. 계곡부의 경우 대부분 콘크리트 사방댐과 기슭막이가 시공되어 있으며, 슬랫댐과 콘크리트 사방댐 및 기슭막이가 복합적으로 적용되고 있음을 알 수 있다.

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Characteristics, Mapping Understanding, Mapping Errors, and Perceptions of Student-Generated Analogies by Elementary School Students' Approaches to Learning (초등학생의 학습접근양식에 따른 비유 만들기 특성, 대응 관계 이해도, 대응 오류, 비유 만들기에 대한 인식)

  • Kang, Hun-Sik;Cheon, Ji-Hyun
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.668-680
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we investigated the characteristics, the mapping understanding, the mapping errors, and the perceptions of student-generated analogies on the separation of mixtures using the sizes of particles by elementary school students' approaches to learning. Fourth graders (N=92) were selected and administered with the tests on the approaches to learning, self-generating analogies, and perception of self-generating analogies. The results revealed that the meaningful learners made more analogies, especially structural/functional, enriched, and higher systematic ones than the rote learners. However, there were little difference in students' approaches to learning in the subcategories of representation (verbal, pictorial, and verbal/pictorial), artificiality (artificial and everyday), and abstraction (abstract and concrete). The meaningful learners had deeper understanding of the analogy and fewer mapping errors than the rote learners. In addition, the numbers of the shared attributes included in student-generated analogies and the scores of the mapping understanding of the meaningful learners were significantly higher than those of the rote learners. Many students, regardless of students' approaches to learning, had positive perceptions of the self-generating analogies in various cognitive and motivational aspects. However, they also point out the various difficulties in the self-generating analogies as their disadvantages. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.

The Effects of Instructions Using Analogies in Learning the Concept of Saturated Solution by Analogy Presentation Types and Verbal Learning Styles (포화 용액 개념 학습에서 비유 표현 방식과 언어적 학습 양식에 따른 비유 사용 수업의 효과)

  • Kang, Hun-Sik;Seo, Ji-Hye
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.402-414
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    • 2012
  • This study investigated the effects of the instructions using analogies in learning the concept of saturated solution by the analogy presentation types and the verbal learning styles upon the mapping understanding, the mapping errors, and the perceptions of the instruction. Fifth graders (N=123) at an elementary school were selected and assigned to VA (n=63) and VPA (n=60) groups. As a pretest, a test on the verbal learning style was administered. The students in the VA group learned the target concept with a verbal analogy, while those in the VPA group learned it with a verbal/pictorial analogy. After the students learned it, a mapping understanding test was administered. The students in the VPA group also administered the test on the perceptions of the instruction and some of them were interviewed in depth. The results revealed that the scores of the students with strong verbal learning preference in the VPA group were significantly lower than those in the VA group in the mapping understanding test. However, the scores of the students with weak verbal learning preference were not significantly different between the two groups. Five types of mapping errors were identified: failure to map, mismapping, rash mapping, impossible mapping, and mapping of a surficial feature. According to students' verbal learning styles, there were some differences in the frequencies of mapping errors in the two groups. Many students in the VPA group, regardless of their verbal learning styles, had positive perceptions of the instruction in various cognitive and motivational aspects. However, some of them also pointed out a few difficulties of the instruction. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.

The Effect of Coping Strategies on the Outcome of Stressful Life Events and Mental Health (삶의 사건에 대한 대응양식이 문제해결과 정신건강에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, In-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.36
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    • pp.285-307
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    • 1998
  • This study explored three issues in regard to the relationship among stressful life events, coping, successful outcomes, life satisfaction and depression. The first issue was about the differences in the level of use among eight coping strategies according to the type of stressful life events. The second issue dealt with the differences between those who achieved successful outcomes and those who did not in the use of coping strategies. The third issue was if the different use of coping strategies was related to the level of life satisfaction and depression. Stressful life events were divided into problems of four areas such as health, finance, family relations including well-being of family members, and work Coping was assessed by eight factors. The survey data collected from 221 community residing adults was used for analyses. Findings suggested that the level of the use of escape-avoidance was very low while the level of the use of planful problem solving, seeking positive meaning, self control, and accepting responsibility was high for all stressful life events. It was also found that in some stressful life events those who achieved successful outcomes used more planful problem solving, more seeking positive meaning and less escape-avoidance than those who did not achieve successful outcomes. Finally, for almost all of the stressful life events, the use of more planful problem solving was related to either higher level of life-satisfaction or lower level of depression while the use of more escape-avoidance was related to lower level of life-satisfaction and higher level of depression. According to the results, implication for social work intervention was discussed.

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중국 고전 원림건축의 설계원리와 미학(6)

  • Han, Dong-Su
    • Korean Architects
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    • no.2
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2001
  • 우리나라 주거양식의 근대화는 단순히 전통한옥에서 현대의 주택, 아파트로의 교체가 아니라 일련의 연속적인 변화과정 속에서 시대를 살아온 사람들의 생활양식과 문화를 담고 있다고 볼 수 있다. '주택이란 삶을 담는 그릇'이라는 표현에서 볼 수 있듯이 주택이란 거주자의 가치관을 포함한 주생활양식과의 대응 속에서 주거환경의 질적 향상이 이루어질 수 있다. 따라서 주거양식의 변화에 관한 연구 또한 이러한 삶과 문화에 대응하는 방향으로 이루어져야 바람직할 것이다. 이상의 배경 하에 과거 전통주택에서부터 근대화 이후의 여러 주택유형에 이르기까지 다양한 유형을 포함한 우리 나라 주택이 가지는 공간구조의 변천을 시대적으로 조망하고자 하였다. 이를 위하여, 전통사회의 양반주택, 도시형한옥, 표준주택, 일반단독주택, 작가주택, 아파트에 이르는 다양한 주택유형을 포함하여 총 104개의 주택평면을 대상으로 공간구조의 변화에 대한 분석을 실시하였다. 또한 다양한 주택유형들이 보여주는 공간구조와 그 통시적 변화를 객관적이고 계량적인 방법론을 이용하여 관찰하고자 공간구문론의 분석방법을 이용하여 주택형식에 따른 기능적 형상학을 뛰어넘는 사회학적 형태학의 관점에서 우리나라 주거의 변천과정을 고찰하고자 한다. 상기한 바와 같이 개개의 주택형식에 대한 고려보다는 시대적 상황과 배경을 설명해주는데 용이한 대상을 중심으로 전반적인 변화의 양상과 그러한 변화에 내재한 사회적 동인과 배경을 파악하고 이해하고자 하였다.

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한국 주택의 공간구조 변천에 대하여 - 공간구문론을 이용한 평면분석

  • No, Hyeong-Rae
    • Korean Architects
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    • no.2
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2001
  • 우리나라 주거양식의 근대화는 단순히 전통한옥에서 현대의 주택, 아파트로의 교체가 아니라 일련의 연속적인 변화과정 속에서 시대를 살아온 사람들의 생활양식과 문화를 담고 있다고 볼 수 있다. '주택이란 삶을 담는 그릇'이라는 표현에서 볼 수 있듯이 주택이란 거주자의 가치관을 포함한 주생활양식과의 대응 속에서 주거환경의 질적 향상이 이루어질 수 있다. 따라서 주거양식의 변화에 관한 연구 또한 이러한 삶과 문화에 대응하는 방향으로 이루어져야 바람직할 것이다. 이상의 배경 하에 과거 전통주택에서부터 근대화 이후의 여러 주택유형에 이르기까지 다양한 유형을 포함한 우리 나라 주택이 가지는 공간구조의 변천을 시대적으로 조망하고자 하였다. 이를 위하여, 전통사회의 양반주택, 도시형한옥, 표준주택, 일반단독주택, 작가주택, 아파트에 이르는 다양한 주택유형을 포함하여 총 104개의 주택평면을 대상으로 공간구조의 변화에 대한 분석을 실시하였다. 또한 다양한 주택유형들이 보여주는 공간구조와 그 통시적 변화를 객관적이고 계량적인 방법론을 이용하여 관찰하고자 공간구문론의 분석방법을 이용하여 주택형식에 따른 기능적 형상학을 뛰어넘는 사회학적 형태학의 관점에서 우리나라 주거의 변천과정을 고찰하고자 한다. 상기한 바와 같이 개개의 주택형식에 대한 고려보다는 시대적 상황과 배경을 설명해주는데 용이한 대상을 중심으로 전반적인 변화의 양상과 그러한 변화에 내재한 사회적 동인과 배경을 파악하고 이해하고자 하였다.

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Correlation between Mental Adjustment to Cancer and Anxiety (암환자의 대응양식과 불안과의 관계)

  • Oh, Pok-Ja
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the relationship between mental adjustment to cancer and anxiety. Method: This study used a cross-sectional descriptive design. A total of 124 ambulatory cancer patients completed the Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation. Results: There was a significantly negative correlation between anxiety and fighting spirit which was adaptive adjustment to cancer (r=-0.29, p<0.001). However, anxiety had significantly positive correlation with helplessness/hopelessness (r=0.38, p<0.001), anxious preoccupation (r=0.55, p< 0.001), and fatalism (r=0.22, p<0.05) to cancer. Conclusion: Cancer patients' mental adjustment is correlated with the degree of the psychosocial distress. Anxious preoccupation and helplessness/hopelessness are the most maladaptive adjustments whereas fighting spirit is one of the most adaptive adjustment to cancer.

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Relational Exchange As Affected by the Conflict-Resolution Mechanism (유통경로상 갈등해결양식이 관계형 거래에 미치는 영향)

  • 현용진
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.65-89
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    • 2002
  • Compromise is a conflict-resolution mechanism whereby both parties mutually make concessions and reach an agreement somewhere between their initial positions. In the process of a compromise, both parties may engage in three kinds of behaviors with respect to concessions. First, a party makes a concession in response to another's concession (a positive matching behavior). Second, a party makes a demand in response to another's demand (a negative matching behavior). Third, a party makes a concession/demand in response to another's demand/concession (a mismatching behavior). A situation is considered where a manufacturer intends to resolve a conflict with a distributor using a compromise. In this situation, a conceptual framework is addressed. This framework presents a set of variables affecting the likelihood that given a manufacturer's concession, the distributor engages in a positive matching behavior, Then, the framework explains how this positive matching behavior affects the distributor's commitment to the relationship with the manufacturer. Seventeen propositions are derived from the conceptual framework. Discussions on conflict-resolution strategies are developed on the basis of this framework.

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