• Title, Summary, Keyword: 노인

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An Exploratory Study For Developing Perceived Elderly Stigma Scale (지각된 노인 낙인 척도 개발을 위한 탐색적 연구)

  • An, Soontae;Oh, Hyun Jung;Chung, Soondool
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.309-328
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a perceived elderly stigma scale for intergenerational research and practice. Although negative stereotypes on elderly population have worsened physical and psychological health of older people, there has been a lack of systematic efforts to measure and monitor stigmatic perception and behavior of younger generation on elderly people. We initially constructed a 34-item perceived elderly stigma scale, by integrating the processes of literature review and exploratory item generation. After confirming the face validity of the scale, a 31-item perceived elderly stigma scale was tested with 252 adults recruited from an online research panel. The result of an exploratory factor analysis suggests a 5-factor solution with 28 items: ability, personality, appearance, authoritarian dependancy, and family-obsession. The convergent/discriminant validity was confirmed by examining its relationships with ageism, elderly discrimination, attitude toward elderly, and respect for elderly. After a series of refinement and empirical tests, the perceived elderly stigma scale would contribute to understanding the current state of elderly discrimination in our society and to develop necessary policies and promotion strategies to eliminate intergenerational conflicts.

Educational Program for the Elder's Daily Life as a Consumer (노인 소비자를 위한 소비생활 교육 프로그램)

  • Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.265-273
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this paper is developing the educational program for the elder's daily life as a consumer, according as recognize the important of their consumption function and role in modern society. This paper consider the studies for elder consumption needs and activities for educational program, then present six principles and contents in four areas. The principals are empirical, socialization, interrelation, spontaneity, individualization and respect for the aged principal. The program themes are preventive education for elder consumer, advisable transaction, advisable transaction through cases and consumer's right, responsibility, duty and process of decision for purchase.

A Study on the Classification of Elder Abuse Types (노인 학대의 유형별 분류에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Su-Il;Park, Mi-Ran
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.91-103
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    • 2016
  • Since the problems of the aged became a social issue recently, this study recognized elder abuse as a serious phenomenon among the problems of the aged in a dimension of against humanity and intended to conduct research by classifying elder abuse into certain types. This study used the literature research method and executed theoretical research on the basis of the types of elder abuse defined by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. Physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, economic abuse, neglect, self-neglect, abandonment were addressed as the types of elder abuse. Consequently, this study classified elder abuse as seven types which had close relationships with each other and formed the academic bassis for preparing effective prevention and coping method of elder abuse.

A Comparision on Frailty, Health Promotion Behavior, and Perceived Health Status in the Elderly according to the Type of Residency (거주유형별 노인의 허약정도, 건강증진 행위 및 주관적 건강상태 비교)

  • Kwon, Sang-Min;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to classify frail and non-frail elderly and to investigate health promoting behaviors and perceived health status in the elderly according to the type of residency. Methods: This was a descriptive study. Data collection was performed from June 15th, 2009 to August 2nd, 2009. The subjects were selected at D city in Korea. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, and ANCOVA test with SPSS/Win 15.0 program. Results: 20.8% of the elderly living at home and 49.2% of those living in institution were frail. Frailty of the elderly living in institution was severer than those living at home. Non-frail elderly according to the type of residency showed higher scores of health promotion behavior and perceived health status than frail elderly. The elderly living at home showed higher scores of health promotion behavior than those living in institution. Conclusions: In the comparison study between the elderly living at home and institution, ratio of frail elderly among the elderly living in institution is high and health promotion behaviors are deficient as well. Frail preventive program for the elderly is needed to develop and apply in consideration of these findings.

Health Status and Use of Health Care Services of the Elderly Utilizing Senior citizen Centers (경로당 노인의 건강상태와 건강관리서비스 이용 관련요인 분석)

  • Shin, Sun-Hye;Kim, Jin-Soon
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.99-113
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    • 2002
  • For this study a sample of 205 people, 66 males and 139 females, over 65 years of age, residing in C-gu of S-si and utilizing senior centers, were selected, The objective of the study was to provide basic data for health promotion program development provided by health centers. A questionnaire was used to collect date on general characteristics, health status, social health status and utilization rate for health services. The instruments used in this study were the Lawton scale, to measure daily routine function, the MMSE-K developed by Folstein and modified to fit the Korea situation, for mental health status, and the CES-Dtool developed by Radloff, for emotional health status. the SPSS Window program was used to calculate percentages. Tests of significance were done using t-test and ANOVA. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify variables influencing the use of health services. The results are as follows : Of those utilizing senior citizen centers, 40.9% of males and 17.3% of the female thought they were healthy. The average score for IADL was 7.4. The daily routine of female respondents consisted of buying household articles and drugs, and other IADLs such as riding the bus or subway alone. These resulted in a higher score compared to males. For emotional health, 7.6% of the males reported depression compared to 21.6% of the females. For mental health, 48.5% of the males and 28.8% of the females were found to be in the group suspicious for dementia. On social health, 57.6% of the males and 62.6% of the females reported no intimate human relations. Of those older people who had close human relations, 52.5% of the males indicated a friend as the closest person and 53.8% of the females, their children. On use of health services, there was a significantly higher need for mobile medical care services treatment for those with lower education levels and status of window/widower. There was a significantly higher need for health exmination services for those with lower levels of exercise, greater satisfaction with sleep, higher levels of oral health care, and higher social contacts. In conclusion, there is a need to provide varied programs for the promotion of health, along with parallel resolution of social, psychological and economic issues. It is recommended that health services for elderly people provided by the health centers be implemented with full recognition of these characteristics and differences.

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Prevalence of Depression and Its' Correlates among Young-old and Old-old Elderly People with Poverty in Korean Urban Community (일 도시지역 국민기초생활보장 수급 대상 전기노인과 후기노인의 우울 유병률과 관련요인)

  • Kim, Hye-Ryoung
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.941-954
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depression and its' correlates among elderly people(young-old vs old-old) with poverty. Methods: The sample was 434 of young-old elderly and 209 of old-old elderly people who were 60 and over and basic livelihood recipient in Korean urban community. Depression was measured by Geriatric Depression Scale by Yesavage et al.(1983) in Korean Version. Results: The prevalence of depression was greater for old-old people(63.2%) compared to young-old people(53.9%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis shows the difference of correlates of depression between young-old and old-old elderly people. Prevalence of depression in young-old people was associated with renting in housing type; bad self-rated health status; lack of regular leisure activity; lack of regular eating habit, whereas old-old people was affected by lower social support; moderate or bad self-rated health status; lack of regular leisure activity Conclusion: The finding of differences in prevalence of depression and its' correlates between young-old and old-old people is expected to promote the screening strategy for elderly at risk of depression in Korean community elderly with poverty.

Comparative Analysis of the Lives of Senior-Only Households and Elderly Households Living with Adult Children: the case of Seoul (노인단독세대와 자녀동거세대 노인들의 생활실태 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Kyung-Cheol;Kang, Young-Sik;Park, Jung-Hwan;Kim, Sun-Tae
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.101-104
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 노인 단독세대와 자녀동거세대 노인들의 가족 및 거주형태, 경제적 상황, 건강 및 의료, 여가활동 등의 생활실태를 파악함으로써 단독세대 노인과 자녀동거세대 노인들의 복지 증진을 위한 서비스 향상과 노인복지정책의 방향 정립에 필요한 시사점을 제공하는 데에 그 목적이 있다. 이러한 연구목적을 달성하기 위해 문헌연구와 설문조사를 병행하였다. 문헌연구로는 고령화 사회와 노인문제, 노인의 동거형태, 노인의 생활실태에 대해 이론적 고찰을 하였으며, 설문조사는 서울시에 거주하는 노인 단독세대 75명과 자녀동거세대의 노인 75명으로, 총 150명을 대상으로 실시하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS WIN 13.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다.

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The Meaning of Elder Abuse and Interventions for It : A Qualitative Study of Older People's Perceptions (노인학대의 의미와 사회적 개입에 대한 노인들의 인식 연구 : 질적 조사연구)

  • Woo, Kug-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.50
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    • pp.109-129
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    • 2002
  • Studies of elder abuse are increasing in our country since the 1990s. But few studies have researched how older people may perceive and give meaning to the phenomenon of elder abuse. Old people have been alienated from their own problems. Elder abuse was constructed as a social problem by experts, not by older people themselves. The purpose of this study was to explore the older people's perceptions ell the meaning of elder abuse and interventions for it, using a qualitative approach based on the grounded theory. The findings from in-depth interviews with 10 the elderly were as follows: The elderly participated in this study has been constructing the aged as independence, privacy, and carer, which conflicts the existing social construction of the aged. They also had their own definition of elder abuse. They perceived all the psycho-emotional sufferings as major elder abuse. So, they understood that elder abuse was the pervasive problem which everyone would experience. They proposed that desirable interventions for it was to guarantee and to sustain their existing independent living.

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A Review of Research Trends on the Elderly Housing in Korea : In Reference to the Comparison of Research Trends Among Korea , Japan and the U.S.A. (한국의 노인주거연구의 경향 - 한국과 일본, 미국의 연구 경향 비교를 중심으로 -)

  • 최정신
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 1996
  • 본 연구의 목적은 한국에서 장래에 이루어질 노인주거연구의 주제를 예측할 수 있도록 일본, 미국, 한국의 노인주거연구의 경향의 차이를 파악하고 비교하기 위한 것이다. 본 연구는 세나라에서 1940년대부터 1990년대 현대까지 발표된 노인주거연구에 대한 학술지와 논문을 분석함으로써 이루어졌다. 세 나라에서 전체 772편의 논문을 수집하여 이를 발표된 연도와 주제에 따라 분류하였다. 본 연구는 일본과 미국의 연구 경향의 특징을 별도로 발표한 후속 연구이다. 일본에서는 1950년대에 노인주거에 대한 연구가 시작되어 80년대 후반에 절정을 이루었으며, 그 이후로 서서히 관심이 줄어들고 있는 추세이다. 일본에서의 주요 주제는 노인홈과 노인시설내의 주 생활조사, 3대 동거 주택, 유료노인홈과 노인시설의 소비자 문제등이다. 미국의 경우, 노인주거의 연구는 일본보다 빠른 1940년대에 시작되어 70년대와 80년대에 걸쳐서 다른 때보다 더 많은 연구가 발표되었다. 주요주제는 1970년대부터 80년대에는 노인주거와 노인시설에 집중되어 있었으나 80년대 이후에 노인주거의 연구방법과 노인주택정책방향으로 관심이 바뀌고 있다. 한국에서의 노인주거에 대한 연구는 세나라 중에서 가장 늦은, 1970년대 후반부터 시작되어 80년대 후반 이래로 그 관심이 점점 증가하고 있다. 한국에서 가장 관심이 있는 연구대상의 하나는 일본과 마찬가지로 기혼자녀와 노부모와의 동거주택에 대한 주제이다. 이상 세나라의 연구주제에서의 차이점은, 한국과 일본에서는 모두 노인주거와 연구방법 분야에는 비교적 관심이 적은 반면, 미국에서는 3대동거주택에 대한 관심이 적은 것이다. 일본과 미국 두나라에 비하여 한국에서는 노인주거 연구에 있어서 아직까지 다양한 주제를 발견하기 어려운데 그 이유는 한국에서는 노인주거에 대한 구체적인 개발이 아직까지 이루어지지 않아서 노인주거에 대한 경험도 많지 않기 때문이라고 생각된다. 앞으로 한국에서도 노인주거가 개발된다면 그 후에는 보다 다양한 연구주제가 나타날 것이라고 기대된다. 예를 들면 노인거주시설의 질적인 비교, 특수한 형태의 노인주거에 대한 요구, 노인주거내의 주생활조사나 평가, 노인을 위한 설비의 디자인 등에 관한 연구들을 생각해 볼 수 있다.

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