• Title, Summary, Keyword: 노인

Search Result 14,632, Processing Time 0.073 seconds

Study on the effects of the male elderly's age discrimination experiences on their perception of the elderly and attitude toward the old age life -Examination of mediation effects of family function and peer relations- (남성노인의 차별경험이 노인인식 및 노년기 태도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 가족기능과 동년배관계의 매개효과 검증 -)

  • Nam, Seok In
    • 한국노년학
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1297-1315
    • /
    • 2008
  • Elderly males in retirement experiencing a change in their social status and role in the family are likely to develop negative perception toward the elderly and the elderly life. The purpose of this study is to examine how the experiences of age discrimination affect elderly male's perception and his attitude towards the elderly life, and to verify the mediation effects of the family and peer relations, which would necessitate the need for social welfare intervention. 215 participants, the elderly men registered at the welfare centers in Seoul Metropolitan area, participated in this research utilizing the structural equation modeling to verify the mediation effect. The findings are as follows. First, the elderly males's experiences of age discrimination is found not to have a significant effect on their perception towards the elderly. Second, the elderly males' discrimination experience has a significant effect on their attitude towards the elderly life. Third, it is found out that family function and peer relationship has complete mediation effect on the perception on the elderly experiencing discrimination in their perception towards the elderly life. Fourth, the family function and peer relationship has partial mediation effect on the elderly male experiencing discrimination in their attitude toward their life after retirement. This shows that more efforts are needed to reduce discrimination towards the elderly, and that strong family function and peer relations help the elderly to develop more positive perception and attitude towards the elderly life. In conclusion, it proposes an institutional approach towards the problem as well as increased support for elderly welfare service including family counseling intended to strengthen family function and alternative family, and more active social activities aimed at strengthening of peer relationship.

Comparison of Cellular Senescence Phenotype in Human Fibroblasts from New-born and Aged Donors. (신생아와 노인 유래 섬유아세포의 노화과정에서의 세포학적 성질의 비교)

  • Yi, Hye-Won;Hwang, Eun-Seong
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.344-349
    • /
    • 2008
  • Normal somatic cells proliferate for a limited number of doublings in culture and then enter an irreversible growth-arrest state called replicative senescence. Replicative senescence has been believed a reason for the limited cellular turnover and deterioration of tissue function in aged animals. However, there is no experimental evidence supporting this assumption. Furthermore, cells from aged person have been poorly characterized with an exception of the cases of T cells. In this study, we examined cell biological changes occurring in replicative senescence of fibroblast strains originated from a new-born (NHF-NB) and a 87 year old man (NHF-87). NHF-87 (and the cells from a 75-year old) proliferated to smaller population doublings and with longer doubling times than NHF-NB did. At early passages, NHF-87 exhibited a low senescence-associated ${\beta}-Gal$ (SA ${\beta}-Gal$) activity and lipofuscin level, typical markers for cellular senescence. Furthermore, they maintained low levels of lysosome and reactive oxygen species (ROS). All of these levels increased dramatically in the late passage NHF-87 quite similarly as those in the late passaged NHF-NB did. These results indicate that most cells originated from the aged maintain a phenotype of the cells originated from new-born donors and undergo replicative senescence with the same kinetics as that of the cells from new-born. It is also indicated that not SA ${\beta}-gal$ activity but cell proliferation rate may be qualified as a biomarker for cells aged in vivo.

Relationship Between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Function(ADL, IADL) Among the Rural Elderlies (농촌지역 노인들의 신체적 기능(ADL, IADL)과 우울수준과의 관련성)

  • Shin, Eun-Sook;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.201-210
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was performed to determine the levels of depressive symptoms and to reveal its relationships between ADL and IADL among rural elderlies. The interviews were performed, during the period from April 1st, to June 30th, 2010, to 412 elderlies in rural areas. As a results, the distribution of ADL among all subjects were 94.7% in normal-range group, and 5.3% in impaired group. In terms of IADL, 87.4% of the subjects were normal-range group, 12.6% were impaired group. The distribution of depression group among all subjects were 38.2% in normal-range group of ADL, and 90.9% in impaired group of ADL, but it was 35.8% in normal-range group of IADL, and 76.9% in impaired group of IADL. In logistic regression analysis, the adjusted odds ratio of the depression was significantly increased in impaired group of ADL than in normal-range group of ADL(OR=23.21, 95% CI=4.38~123.05). Also it was significantly increased in impaired group of IADL than in normal-range group of IADL(OR=7.76, 95% CI=2.99~20.08). In conclusion, the depression of rural elderlies was significantly increased in impaired group than in normal-range group of ADL and IADL. Thus, strategic effort needs to be prevented to depression in impaired group of ADL and IADL.

'Elderly image' Analysis Using Big Data and Social Networking Techniques (빅데이터와 사회연결망 기법을 이용한 '노인 이미지' 분석)

  • Han, Sun-Bo;Lee, Hyun-Sim
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.16 no.11
    • /
    • pp.253-263
    • /
    • 2016
  • We analyzed the social issue 'image of the elderly' using Big Data and Social Network Analysis. First, we analyzed the words extracted by the text mining technique by inputting the keyword 'elderly'. As a result of analysis, the image of the elderly viewed through media such as cafes, blogs, etc. Representing the trend of the public was using the word 'Senior' the most. The image of the elderly is expressed using the word having the highest frequency in the top 10, "The elderly are 'Senior' people who are respected by society, they are organized to earn money, to earn their qualifications, to health, and to 'Seniors' who desire to work healthy up to 100 years old". The purpose of this study is to differentiate from the existing analysis method by analyzing the macro-level image of the elderly including the social discourse by collecting vast amount of data and analyzing it with the social networking technique. When the image of the elderly that the public perceives is positively expressed as 'Senior', it can be said that the direction of the current elderly policy is evaluated as a desirable direction. On the other hand, it was able to feel the 'desire' of the public who wanted to be evaluated. Therefore, the policy direction of the elderly to be applied in the future should be the policy that enables the elderly to be perceived as 'Necessary existence' in society by taking on social roles. In addition, we proposed to implement the policy of the elderly that reflects priorities such as job creation, welfare, and alienation that can activity and maintain health.

Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical need between elders with and without limitation of activity by aging or dementia : Using seventh Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (노령 또는 치매로 활동제한이 있는 노인과 활동제한이 없는 노인의 사회인 구학적 특성, 우울, 삶의 질, 미충족 의료의 비교 : 제 7차 국민건강영양조사(2016) 원시자료를 이용하여)

  • Kang, So-La;Moon, Jong-Hoon
    • Journal of Society of Occupational Therapy for the Aged and Dementia
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-11
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to compare the sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical need in elders with and without limitation of activity by aging or dementia. Method : The data were used for raw data of seventh national health and nutrition examination survey (2016). We compared sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical needs between elders with limitation of activity by aging or dementia (n = 32) and elders without limitation of activity (n = 1201). Result : Elders with limitation of activity were significantly older than elders without limitation of activity (p<.001), income was lower (p<.05) and married status had more bereavement (p<.001). The elders with limitation of activity had higher depression (p<.001) and lower quality of life (p<.001) than elders without limitation of activity. Unmet medical need was greater than elders without limitation of activity (p<.001). Conclusion : Elders with limitation of activity showed that they did not receive enough medical services than elders without limitation of activity. These results suggest that the welfare system for the health care of population with aging or dementia needs to be improved.

Application for Depression Level Measurement for Aging Population (노인의 우울척도 측정 앱 설계)

  • Choung, Hye-Myoung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.367-368
    • /
    • 2018
  • 본 논문에서는 노인들의 정신건강 중 우울에 관한 정도를 측정해 볼 수 있는 앱의 개발을 위하여 한국형GDS를 활용하는 컨텐츠를 설계하여 노인성 우울을 예방하고 조기 진단하여 노인의 건강한 삶에 도움을 주고자 한다.

  • PDF

노화와 당뇨병

  • 유형준
    • The Monthly Diabetes
    • /
    • /
    • pp.20-22
    • /
    • 2002
  • 의료기술과 생활형편의 향상에 의한 평균수명의 연장으로 우리 나라 노인 인구는 전 인구의 7$\%$를 넘어섰다. 이른바 고령화 사회가 된 것이다. 이처럼 노인 인구수가 급증하면서 눈에 띄게 늘고 있는 노인병 중의 하나가 당뇨병이다. 보고에 따라서는 20세에서 44세 사이의 연령대에 비해 65세 이상의 연령에서 10배나 더 높은 유병률을 보인다. 당뇨병이 있으면서도 노인이기 때문에 진단을 받지 않고 있는 경우를 합하면 더 늘어날지 모른다.

  • PDF

소통+섬기는 마음 - 세계 속 건강 - 세계의 노인장기요양보험제도 관건은 재정부담 해소 - 질병 예방적 접근 필요하며, 소비자 선택권이 강화되는 추세

  • Kim, Won-Hak
    • 건강소식
    • /
    • v.34 no.9
    • /
    • pp.38-39
    • /
    • 2010
  • 노인장기 요양보험제도가 시행된 지 2년이 흘렀다. 그동안 가족이 책임졌던 노인에 대한 장기요양을 국가와 사회가 부담함으로써 만성질환 및 노인성 질환으로 어려움을 겪는 노인과 가족들의 부담이 줄어들었다. 하지만 적지 않은 문제점도 드러나고 있다. 외국의 사례를 통해 우리나라 노인장기 요양보험제도의 현재와 미래를 그려보고자 한다.

  • PDF

A Comparative Analysis of Mental Status, Dietary Life and Nutritional Status among Senior Citizens With or Without Leisure Activities in Urban Area (수도권 거주 노인들의 여가활동 유무에 따른 정신건강 수준, 식생활 실태 및 영양상태 비교 분석)

  • Kim, Yun-Hye;Ha, Tae-Youl;Lee, Bog-Hieu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.422-429
    • /
    • 2006
  • The study aims to examine that regular leisure activity of the elderly has a beneficial effect to enhance their health condition. The elderly subjects of 164 (82 of elderly who do leisure and 82 of elderly who do not leisure) aged over 60 years in Suwon area were employed. Survey questionnaires were administered to investigate general characteristics, life style, mental status, dietary life and nutritional status. From the findings, the elderly who do leisure were highly educated, better in living status and higher employment rate. The mental status of the elderly without leisure activity was very much inferior to that of the elderly with leisure activity, representing higher prevalence rate of depression. Furthermore, the elderly who do not leisure showed higher drinking and smoking rates, irregular eating habits, poor teeth condition and chewing style as well as having eating obstacles. Mean caloric intake of both the elderly was also lower than that of RDA. The elderly who do not leisure have shown lower intakes in most of essential nutrients in contrast to the elderly who do leisure. In conclusion, the elderly with regular leisure activity seemed to have better life style and mental status, dietary life and nutritional status. Therefore, it is critically important to establish the health program combined with various leisure activity for the seniors to promote and energize the later years of life.

A Study on the Menu Development for the Elderly during Busy Farming Season in Gyeongbuk Andong (경북 안동시 농번기 농촌노인 식단개발 연구)

  • Kim, Hae-Young;Park, Chan-Eun;Lee, Hae-Jin;Park, Young-Hee;Lee, Jin-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.38 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1381-1391
    • /
    • 2009
  • Dietary life style of the elderly living in rural areas of Gyeongbuk Andong during the busy farming season was surveyed and a monthly meal plan for the elderly was developed using eco-friendly native crops and considering the characteristics of a busy farming season and their preferences. A week meal plan was selected and applied to those fields. The meal plan was developed for an elder's house in Gyeongbuk Andong during the busy farming season. Especially, to increase the intake of calcium and dietary fiber, bamboo sprouts, pepper leaves, dried slices of whitebait, and fried anchovies were used. Considering the busy farming season, the ginseng chicken soup and the soybean noodle soup were served to provide high quality of protein and to improve health condition. A cold soup of cucumber and brown seaweed was used to supplement liquid, vitamins, and minerals. The results are as follows: the highest score of the preference on a staple was 8.77 for the boiled barley of menu 5; the favorite soup was the ginseng chicken soup (8.73) in menu 4; for side dishes, those in menu 5 were most popular (8.69); the favorite meal was the ginseng chicken soup of menu 4 (8.69). Regarding the amount of leftover foods, the lightest was 30.14 g in Gyeongbuk Andong menu 3 which significantly indicates high preference (p<0.05). The current study was a planned meal service menu using local crops and seasonal foods, which was actually applied to the field resulting in high preference and satisfaction levels.