• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기술적 효율성

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DEA를 이용한 정부출연연구기관 효율성 분석 - K 연구원 사례를 중심으로

  • Hwang, Hyeon-Deok;Jeong, Seon-Yang
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.155-159
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    • 2017
  • 연구개발은 일반적으로 많은 투자가 요구되는 반면에 높은 불확실성이 존재한다. 따라서 정부에서 지원받는 제한된 인력과 예산을 기반으로 연구를 수행하는 출연연 입장에서는 연구개발의 효율성을 객관적으로 측정하고, 연구개발 활동에 투입되는 자원과 산출에 대한 체계적인 평가가 중요하다. 즉, 기관에서 운영하는 R&D 예산의 합리적인 배분을 위해서 연구개발 성과의 효율성을 측정하고 이를 다시 전략적으로 R&D 기획에 반영하는 피드백 과정이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 건설분야 정부출연연구기관의 연구부서를 대상으로 연구성과 분석을 통한 효율성을 측정하고자 한다. 이를 통해 제한된 인력과 R&D 연구비용의 합리적인 투자를 위한 전략적 우선순위 선정, 기관의 중장기 발전계획, 경영목표 등에 부합하는 연구과제를 수행하기 위한 정책 및 R&D 기획의 시사점을 제공하고자 한다.

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Analyzing the Technical Efficiency of Korean Engineering and Construction Firms after the Financial Crisis (외환위기 이후 국내건설회사의 효율성 분석)

  • Kim, Kon-Shik
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.151-161
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    • 2005
  • This paper analyzes the technical efficiencies of 38 Korean engineering and construction firms and the efficiency changes from 1999 to 2003 using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Best practice firms in terms of technical efficiency and profit are identified. For inefficient firms, performance targets to be efficient are suggested. Technical efficiencies had been increased over the five year period, and the efficiency difference between firms had been reduced during this period. The differences in efficiency due to the differences in cooperate governance structures are statistically significant. In addition, the technical efficiency is correlated with product portfolios, degree of subcontract, rates of value added, returns on invested capital, and EBITDA.

The Study on the Analysis of Efficiency of Governmental R&D Programs Regarding to the S&T Outcomes (과학기술적 성과 관점에서 정부 R&D사업 효율성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Seok-Jong;Kim, Kyung-Hwa;Jeong, Sang-Ki
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.205-222
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    • 2011
  • The Korean government continuously increases the R&D investment in order to pursue an economic growth through technological innovation. Hence, the intensity of governmental R&D has increased rapidly. However, the whole amount of the R&D investment is still small compared to developed countries. And the type of R&D policies is more and more changing from the catch-up model to the technology-driven model. Therefore, there is a growing interest in the efficiency of public R&D investment. Hence, many studies on the efficiency of R&D investment have been researched. This study estimated the efficiency of governmental R&D programs considering the technological outcomes, e.g. theses, patents and so on, using DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) with data of S&T investment and outcomes from NTIS(National S&D Information Service). In addition, we used the Mann-Whitney Test to investigate the characteristics of governmental R&D investment.

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An Efficiency Evaluation of Gyeongnam Public Health Center by Data Envelopment Analysis (경남지역 보건소의 효율성 평가)

  • Chang, Dong-Min;Yang, Jong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.3563-3571
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    • 2011
  • In this research, we analyzed the efficiency of 20 public health centers of Gyeongnam Province during 2007-2009, so weakness of input and output factor were found. We used the CCR, BCC model of Data Envelopment Analysis as a method of evaluation, made a choice human resource as the input variable, made a selection the performance of public health care center, ward as the output variable. The results of this study show that the efficiency of 20 public health centers have got better because Government and Gyeongnam have provided administrative, financial support. It is expected that this research can give good information for effective management of public health centers.

A Study on the CO2 Reduction Potential by Means of Increased Efficiency of the Electricity (제조업 전력 사용 효율성 제고를 통한 온실가스(CO2) 감축 잠재량 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Min, Dong-Ki
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.143-160
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    • 2010
  • This paper estimate the $CO_2$ reduction potential that can be achieved by improving the technical efficiency of input factors in the manufacturing sector. Technical efficiency in each manufacturing firm was estimated using the DEA technique. Depending on the returns-to-scale assumption selected, average technical efficiency was estimated to be between 0.467 and 0.643. These estimates suggest that, when the efficiency of electricity consumption in the manufacturing sector is improved, the overall $CO_2$ emissions can be reduced by 17.1-25.5%. Recently, the Korean government has adopted a low-carbon-green-growth policy with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 30% below the BAU level by year 2020. The analysis of the paper suggests that this goal can be achieved through improved efficiency of electricity consumption.

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An Efficiency Evaluation of Public Health Center by Data Envelopment Analysis -Focused on Public Health Centers of Gyeongnam Province- (자료포락분석을 이용한 보건사업의 효율성 평가 -경상남도 보건소를 중심으로-)

  • Yang, Jong-Hyun;Chang, Dong-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.2129-2137
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    • 2010
  • In this research, we analyze the efficiency of 20 public health centers of Gyeongnam Province, so the reduction and weakness of input and output factor were found. We used the CCR, BCC model of Data Envelopment Analysis as a method of evaluation, made a choice human resource as the input variable, made a selection the performance of health care center, ward as the output variable. The results show that 12(60%) public health centers in 20 were productive with respective to overall Technical Efficiency(average score 0.868), 14(70%) with respective to overall Pure Technical Efficiency(average score 0.924) and 12(60%) with respective to overall Scale Efficiency(average score 0.933). It is expected that this research can provide a good data for effective management of public health centers.

International Comparative Analysis of Technical efficiency in Korean Manufacturing Industry (한국 제조업의 기술적 효율성 국제 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Dong-Joo
    • Korea Trade Review
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.137-159
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    • 2017
  • This study divides manufacturing in 18 countries including Korea, China, Japan and OECD countries into 11 areas and estimates and compares the technological efficiency of each industry. The traditional view of productivity is to increase production capacity through technological innovation or process innovation, but it is also influenced by the technological efficiency of production process. A Stochastic Frontier Production Model (SFM) is a representative method for estimating the technical efficiency of such production. First, as a result of estimating the production function by setting the output variable as total output or value-added, in both cases, the output increased significantly in all manufacturing sectors as inputs of labor, capital, and intermediate increased. On the other hand, R&D investment has a large impact on output in chemical, electronics, and machinery industries. Next, as a result of estimating the technological efficiency through the production function, when the total output is set as the output variable, the overall average of each sector is 0.8 or more, showing mostly high efficiency. However, when value-added was set, Japan had the highest level in most manufacturing sectors, while other countries were lower than the efficiency of the total output. Comparing the three countries of Korea, China and Japan, Japan showed the highest efficiency in most manufacturing sectors, and Korea was about half or one third of Japan and China was lower than Korea. However, in the food and electronics sectors, China is higher than Korea, indicating that China's production efficiency has greatly improved. As such, Korea is not able to narrow its gap with Japan relatively faster than China's rapid growth. Therefore, various policy supports are needed to promote technology development. In addition, in order to improve manufacturing productivity, it is necessary to shift to an economic structure that can raise technological efficiency as well as technology development.

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Evaluation of University Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA를 적용한 대학도서관의 효율성 평가)

  • Jung, Young-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.301-315
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    • 2011
  • DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) is useful to measure the relative efficiency of organizational units where the presence of multiple inputs and outputs. This study applied DEA-CCR and DEA-BCC to evaluate the technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency of 29 university libraries. The input variables were number of books, print edition expenses, building space, staff, number of seats. As output variables we estimated: reader visits, number of borrowed items, number of visitors. It was found out that number of libraries with 100% relative efficiency among 29 libraries were 13. Also the results shows that main reason of inefficiency was from scale rather than from pure technical. Many inefficient libraries were operations of increasing return to scale.

Analysis on the Efficiency and Productivity Change of Non-Life Insurance Industry between Pre-Execution and Post-Execution of Capital Market Law (자본시장통합법 시행 전후의 손해보험산업의 효율성 및 생산성 변화 분석)

  • Kang, Ho-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.403-412
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    • 2011
  • The execution of capital market law causes severe competition by promoting restructuring of financial industry. This study analyze efficiency and productivity change of the Korean Non-Life Insurance industry between pre-execution and pre-execution of capital market law using DEA model and Malmquist Index. Additionally, this study finds determinants of efficiency using tobit regression. The main results of this study can by summarized as follows. First, the efficiency with post-execution was increased comparing with pre-execution of capital market law significantly. Second, the productivity with post-execution was increased comparing with pre-execution of capital market law significantly. Third, significant determinants of technical efficiency and pure technical efficiency are weight of life planner. operation rate of assets respectively. And significant determinant of scale efficiency are firm size, operation rate of assets, weight of life planner.

An Efficient Structure of The Integrated Solution to the Management of Technical Information (기술정보관리를 위한 통합솔루션의 효율적 구조)

  • Choo, S.W.;Kim, B.H.;Lee, H.K.;Shin, Y.G.
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 1995
  • 생산성 제고를 위하여 생산 현장에서 사용되는 여러 가지의 자료 즉, 다양한 형식의 화상(Image), CAD 자료, 도면, 표, 수식, 각종 문서 양식 및 문안들을 관리해주는 시스템이 필수적이다[1]. 그러나 다양한 종류의 자료들이 격리되어 관리되고 있는 상황에서는 원하는 정보를 찾거나, 자료간의 관련성을 알아내는데 많은 어려움을 겪지 않을 수 없다. 따라서 생산과정에서 필요한 여러 가지 자료들을 생성, 편집할 수 있는 도구와 각 자료들간의 관련성을 생성, 편집하는데 도움이 될 수 있는 방안, 마지막으로 생성된 여러 자료를 쉽게 찾도록 도와 주는 기능이 요구된다. 이와 같은 기술정보관리를 효율적이고 통합된 형태로 수행하기 위하여, 본연구에서는 기술정보관리시스템(TIMS : Technical Information Management System)을 구축하였다. 기술정보관리시스템은 개별 자료의 생성, 편집 및 개별 자료의 공유를 통한 복합문서 작성 부분, 개별 자료들 간의 관련성을 자동관리해 주는 부분 그리고 개별 자료들 간의 관련성을 통한 자료검색 부분으로 구성되어 있다. 본 논문에서는 기술정보의 효율적인 작성, 사용 및 관리를 지원하기 위한 통합 시스템의 각 구성부분에 요구되는 기능들과 전체 시스템의 효율성을 증대시키기 위한 방안을 논하였다. 격리되고 인력에 의존에 온 기술정보의 효율적인 작성, 사용 및 관리를 방대한 양의 자료들 속에서 통합적이며, 적합한 형태로 자동관리해줌으로써 생산성 제고에 기여할 수 있는 시스템으로 사용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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