• Title/Summary/Keyword: 기술적 효율성

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Analyzing the Efficiency of Korean Rail Transit Properties using Data Envelopment Analysis (자료포락분석기법을 이용한 도시철도 운영기관의 효율성 분석)

  • 김민정;김성수
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.113-132
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    • 2003
  • Using nonradial data envelopment analysis(DEA) under assumptions of strong disposability and variable returns scale, this paper annually estimates productive. technical and allocative efficiencies of three publicly-owned rail transit properties which are different in terms of organizational type: Seoul Subway Corporation(SSC, local public corporation), the Seoul Metropolitan Electrified Railways sector (SMESRS) of Korea National Railroad(the national railway operator controlled by the Ministry of Construction and Transportation(MOCT)), and Busan Urban Transit Authority (BUTA, the national authority controlled by MOCT). Using the estimation results of Tobit regression analysis. the paper next computes their true productive, true technical and true allocative efficiencies, which reflect only the impacts of internal factors such as production activity by removing the impacts of external factors such as an organizational type and a track utilization rate. And the paper also computes an organizational efficiency and annually gross efficiencies for each property. The paper then conceptualized that the property produces a single output(car-kilometers) using four inputs(labor, electricity, car & maintenance and track) and uses unbalanced panel data consisted of annual observations on SSC, SMESRS and BUTA. The results obtained from DEA show that, on an average, SSC is the most efficient property on the productive and allocative sides, while SMESRS is the most technically-efficient one. On the other hand. BUTA is the most efficient one on the truly-productive and allocative sides, while SMESRS on the truly-technical side. Another important result is that the differences in true efficiency estimates among the three properties are considerably smaller than those in efficiency estimates. Besides. the most cost-efficient organizational type appears to be a local public corporation represented by SSC, which is also the most grossly-efficient property. These results suggest that a measure to sort out the impacts of external factors on the efficiency of rail transit properties is required to assess fairly it, and that a measure to restructure (establish) an existing(a new) rail transit property into a local public corporation(or authority) is required to improve its cost efficiency.

A Study on the Efficiency Measurement of Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Office by DEA Method (DEA에 의한 지방해양수산청 효율성 비교 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Nam-Kyu;Kim, Si-Hwa
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this paper is to measure the productive efficiency and competitive strength of Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Office using the DEA. Using EMS(Efficiency Measurement System) which is LP solver, quantifies in one way or another a "distance" to the efficient frontier of the technology. An input oriented measure quantifies the input reduction which is necessary to become efficient holding the output constant. Symmetrically, an output oriented measure quantifies the necessary to become efficient holding the inputs constant. A non-oriented measure quantifies necessary improvements when both inputs and outputs can be improved simultaneously. According to the analysis result of the DEA method, inefficient Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Office should recommend benchmarking reference Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Office in order to enhance the productive efficiency of port administration and a public institution. Besides data on productive efficiency serves as a tool for policy-makers at all levels of activity and is essential for improving the efficiency with which the various systems operate.

An Empirical Analysis on Technical Efficiency and Productivity Changes of Photonics Industry (광산업의 기술적 효율성과 생산성 변화에 대한 실증분석)

  • Ahn, Sun-Yeong;So, Soon-Hu
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.4177-4183
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    • 2014
  • This study estimated and decomposed the productivity changes into technological change and efficiency change components for the photonics industry and examined ways of imporving the productive efficiency. Unlike most previous studies, this study employed a non-oriented Malmquist productivity index, which is a non-radial method and deals directly with the input surpluses and output shortfalls. The empirical results show that the productivity of the photonics industry has increased. The main reason for this is the increase in technical efficiency. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference in the productivity changes according to the firm's geographic location and participation in government support programs. These findings suggest that the government's regional strategic industry promotion policy has contributed to improvements in the productive efficiency of photonics industry. The approach presented in this study could be used as a practical reference guide to help enhance the competitiveness of the photonics industry.

The Determinants of the Efficiency of Korean Ports - Using Panel Analysis and Heteroscedastic Tobit Model - (국내항만의 효율성 결정요소 - 패널분석과 이분산 토빗모형을 이용하여 -)

  • Mo, Su-Won
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.349-361
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    • 2008
  • There has been abundant empirical research undertaken on the technical efficiency of Korean ports. Most studies have focused on the use of parametric and non-parametric techniques to analyse overall technical efficiency. This paper utilizes data for the period 2000-07 to offer a heterogeneous perspective on the overall efficiency of Korean ports. The framework assumes that ports use one input to produce one output; the output and input include port export(import) and regional export(import). This paper also employs panel analysis and heteroscedastic Tobit model to show the effect of the explanatory variables on the port efficiencies. The panel analysis shows that the regional export/total export has negative effect on the export efficiency while the regional import/total import has not any relations with the import efficiency. The heteroskedastic Tobit model shows that both regional export ratio and regional import ratio have negative effects on the efficiency while the gross regional domestic product has not any significant relations with the import efficiency.

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Comparison of Efficiencies of Container Ports in the East Asia, Europe, and North America (동아시아 유럽 북미 컨테이너항만의 상대적 효율성 비교 분석)

  • Park, Koo-Woong
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.219-246
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    • 2010
  • Countries around the world are propelling policies and strategies to strengthen the competitiveness of their own ports as they recognize the roles and importance of the ports in the international trade and logistics. The main objective of this study is to compare efficiencies of major container ports and analyze the factors that affect the efficiencies in the three regions of East Asia, Europe, and North America, which cover most of world container shipping. We employ DEA models in analyzing the efficiencies of 45 container ports using 5 input and 2 output variables. We also carry out regression analyses to estimate the impacts of each factor on the throughput (TEU), overall technical efficiency (OTE), pure technical efficiency (PTE), and scale efficiency (SE). The analysis results show that East Asian ports, despite being smaller in average size, make greater output and achieve higher technical and scale efficiencies than European or North American ports.

Productivity Changes by Public Transport Reforms in the Seoul's Urban Bus Industry (서울의 대중교통체계 개편에 따른 시내버스업체의 생산성 변화)

  • Oh, Mi-Young;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2005
  • The Seoul City Government recently reformed the entire public transport system in an effort to prevent further deterioration in urban bus system's performance and service level. To analyze into impact on the productivity of Seoul's urban bus firms, this paper measures firm-level technical efficiency and productivity change with data envelopment analysis and Malmquist index approach. The paper then conceptualizes that these forms produce three kinds of output (bus-kilometers, passengers, or bus-kilometers and passengers) using five inputs (driver, maintenance, management, vehicle and fuel). The findings show that most (over one half) firms experienced a decline (an improvement) in productivity in the case of specifying only bus-kilometers (passengers) as output. As a result, it is discovered that an average firm had no change in productivity in the case of combining bus-kilometers and passengers as output. This is because the efficiency of an average firm declined due to increase in employees per bus and to an decrease in kilometers per bus. while its effectiveness improved due to an increase in passengers per bus which was caused by an increase in routes and a change in fare structure.

Productivity Growth, Technical Progress and Efficiency Changes in Air Transport Industry (항공운송산업의 생산성 향상, 기술 진보 및 효율성 변화 분석;맘퀴스트(Malmquist) 방법을 중심으로)

  • Kim, J.C.;Lee, Y.S.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.58-75
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구는 국적항공사를 포함하여 지난 1998${\sim}$2001년까지 세계 주요 항공사들의 생산성의 변화 추이가 어떻게 전개되었고, 어떤 요인에 의해 영향을 받았는지를 분석하였다. 특히, 1997년 금융위기 이후 생산성의 변화에 주안점을 두었다. 추정결과, 우선 세계 주요 항공사들은 1998${\sim}$2001년 기간 동안 약 0.3%의 생산성 하락을 기록하였고, 이러한 생산성의 변화는 생산 프론티어에 비해 0.9% 악화된 반면, 산출물을 생산하는 기술 수준은 0.6% 확대된 것으로 분석되었다. 다음으로, 항공사의 '유상톤키로미터' 기준에 의한 규모별 생산성 증가율은 소형규모(group1)와 대형규모(group6)에 속한 항공사들에서 각각 3.5%, 2.1% 하락한 것으로 나타났다. 반면, 중형사들은 생산성의 증가가 이루어진 것으로 제시되었다. 또한, 기간별로는 1997년 금융위기 이후 1998년과 1999년은 각각 1.5%, 0.2%의 생산성 하락을 보였다가, 2000년은 1.7% 생산성이 다소 향상되었으며, 2001년 다시 1.2%의 생산성 하락을 보이고 있다. 마지막으로 항공사별로는 동 기간 동안 아시아지역 항공사들(AAR, SIA, ANA 등)은 생산상 향상을 가져온 반면, 미국 항공사들(UAL, AAL 등)은 생산성 하락을 가져온 것을 알 수 있다. 국적항공사의 경우에는 KAL은 1998${\sim}$1999년 기간 동안은 생산성 하락을 가져왔으나, 2000${\sim}$2001년은 큰 폭의 생산성 향상을 가져왔다. AAR은 1998년 생산성 하락이 이루어진 이후 1999년부터는 높은 생산성 향상이 이루어졌다.

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A Comparative Case Study of Cost Efficiency DEA Model based on the Farrell_Debreu's and Tone's approach (사례를 이용한 Farrell_Debreu와 Tone방식에 의한 DEA원가효율성 모형의 비교분석에 관한 연구)

  • O, Dong-Il
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.2500-2505
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    • 2011
  • This study pursues to compare the two types of cost efficiency model based on DEA. Two types of DEA are derived by the two different approaches by Farrell_Debreu and Tone. Based on two concepts, Two different DEA model are derived. The characteristics and difference of two are looked up. Based on the simple numerical case, The efficient rates, the rankings, the reference sets are different. The model based on Tone's approach shows the more cheap attainable target cost level. DEA model set by Tone is superior in measuring cost efficiency, but Farrell_Debreu type DEA model is better to explain data in technical efficiency. So, it is required to use the results of DEA more carefully.

An Analysis about determinants of Total Factor Productivity and Technical Efficiency in Manufacturing Industries : Non-parametric Malmquist Approach (제조업의 총요소생산성과 기술적효율성 결정요인분석 : 비모수적 맴퀴스트 생산성 지수에 의한 분석)

  • Jung, Kyung-Hee;Cho, Jai-Rip
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.337-350
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    • 2009
  • Using the Malmquist productivity index, this paper compares the productivity of Korean manufacturing industries from 1999 to 2006. The malmquist productivity index has more advantages than previous methods such as solow model, endogenous growth theory. The malmquist productivity index can be decomposed productivity into two parts. The first part is an index of the technical efficiency change. This index has high value when the elements of production is used more efficiently. The second part is an index of technical change. This index has high value if the advent of new technology and process innovation occur.

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Relative Efficiency and Statistical Analysis of Kimchi-related Manufacturers in Jeollabuk-do (전라북도 김치관련 제조업체의 상대적 효율성 및 통계적 분석)

  • Choi, Kyoung-Ho;Jung, Eun-Young;Kwag, Hee-Jong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2014
  • We investigated the relative efficiency and statistical analysis of Kimchi-related manufactures in Jeollabuk-do for their management efficiency and improvement plans. We used data enveloped analysis (DEA) for the relative efficiency, and principal component analysis (PCA) and t-test for the statistical analysis. We analyzed 34 DMUs among 67 DMUs located in Jeollabuk-do. The results were as follows; the statistical efficiency, pure statistical efficiency, scale efficiency for 34 DMUs were 0.653, 0.761, and 0.863, respectively. The correlated component regression (CCR) showed that DMUs above efficiency 1 were 61.5% among -si (urban area), and 23.8% among -gun (rural area), respectively. However, there were not the significant differences of and BCC, CCR, and scale efficiency between urban area and rural area. This study will be useful for local industry's promotion by providing the information on Kimchi-related manufactures.