• Title/Summary/Keyword: 기술적 효율성

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Processing of the Intermediate Product (Frozen Seasoned Anchovy Meat) Derived from Anchovy (멸치를 이용한 식품가공용 중간소재의 가공)

  • Oh, Kwang-Soo;Ro, Rack-Hyun;Lee, Eung-Ho;Park, Hee-Yeol
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.498-504
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    • 1989
  • Processing conditions and food components of frozen seasoned anchovy meat products were investigated. The separated anchovy meat was chopped, mixed with 12.8% emulsion curd, 0.5% table salt, 2.0% sugar, 0.4% sodium bicarbonate, 0.2% polyphosphate, 0.2% monosodium glutamate, 0.3% onion powder, 0.1% garlic powder, 0.1% ginger powder, 3.0% soybean protein, and 0.2% sodium erythorbate by remodeled stone mortar. This seasoned anchovy meat was frozen with contact freezer, Packed in a carton box and then stored at $-25{\pm}2^{\circ}C$. The major fat acids of product were linoleic, oleic, palmitic, docosahexaenoic, linolenic, palmitoleic, eicosapentaenoic acid. Amino acid composition of product were mainly consisted of Glu, Asp, Leu, Lys and Ala. The taste compounds of product were IMP 160.0 mg/100g ; free amino acids such as Glu, His, Ala, Leu 503.7 mg/100g ; total creatinine 158.3 mg/100g and small amounts of betaine, TMAO.

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Studies on Efficient Extraction of Limonene from Citron and Immune-modulation Activity for Development of Environmentally Friendly Material (친환경 소재 개발을 위한 유자에서의 효율적 Limonene 추출 및 면역기능 조절활성에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Jong-Ho;Lim, Hyun-Hee;Hwang, Seong-Gu;Nam, In-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.591-604
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    • 2020
  • The objectives of this study were to find out the best condition of extracting methods of limonene from citron and to determine effects of limonene on immune modulation activity by measuring cytokine secretion using RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cells. When distilled water was used as a solvent instead of organic solvents to extract limonene from citron, addition of refluxing process to simultaneous steam distillation extraction method was found to be much effective in extracting limonene. However, it required longer extraction time than using other organic solvents. Limonene extracts showed increased IL-β and IL-6 but decreased the TNF-α gene expression in limonene concentration dependant manner. However oral administration of limonene extracts to mice did not influence significantly compared to control in in vivo experiment. It might be due to that the mice were kept in well controlled and complete environment. Limonene, a natural material from citron has been approved to have a immune-modulation activity in the present study and have a potential as a feed additive that is environmentally friendly and no harmful. Further study with protected limonene, for example, for the protection of limonene from oxidation or bypass the ruminal degradation in order consequently to increase immune-modulation activity might be useful as a further research.

Studies on Development Policies for Regional Industry (지역산업 육성정책에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Dong-Soo;Lee, Doo-Hee;Kim, Kye-Hwan
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.467-485
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    • 2011
  • After Korean War, Korea focused on catching up with the world economy by concentrating on some target industries around the Capital Region and southern coastal cities. Thus, the regional disparity between Capital Region and non-Capital Regions increased drastically. At last, when Korea acquired full-fledged autonomy in 1994 in the Civilian government (1993-1998) and experienced the Asian financial crisis in 1997-1998, local governments were awakened to the notion of region-oriented development, especially for regional industrial development. The purposes of this paper are to introduce regional industrial development policies since 1998 and to suggest some recommendations in terms of how to adjust regional development for industrial policies in the future. In the introducing phase (Kim administration, 1998-2003), four provincial governments requested national funding to raise regional industries that are of strategic importance. At the same time, the central government recognized the need to nurture regional industries to overcome structural weaknesses. As a result, the Roh administration (2003-2008) gave a birth to a systematizing phase. As the ultimate regional policy objective, the balanced national development has been set and the Special Acts, Special Accounts, Committee, and National Plan have been established. Regional Industrial Promotion Project has been carried out very actively during this period. It had a good start albeit idealistic to a certain extent. Therefore, the current government has changed policy paradigm from balanced growth to regional competitiveness along with global paradigm shifts. In order to enhance regional competitiveness, regional development policies have been pursued in more efficient way. Leading Industry Nurturing Projects (LINPs) on Economic Region level, existed Regional Industrial Promotion Projects (RIPPs) on Province level, and Region Specific Industry Projects (RSIPs) on Local Area level have been implemented. Now, it is appropriate to review regional development policies including industrial policies since 1998 and to adjust them for the future sustainable regional development. Because LINPs and RIPPs will be terminated in next two years, the 2nd stage projects are on planning to reduce the redundancies in two projects. In addition, business support program would be reformed from subsiding technology development to building ecological business system. Finally some policy implications are provided in this paper, which is useful to establish the new regional industrial policies for both central and local government.

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Effects of Geographic Locations and Year-Seasons of Birth on Ultrasound Scanned Measures and Carcass Traits of Hanwoo Steers (한우 거세우의 초음파 생체진단형질과 도체형질에 대한 지역과 출생년도 및 계절 효과 분석)

  • Cheong, Jae-Kyoung;Oh, Yun-Taek;Choi, Ho-Nam;Lee, Cheol-Hak;Kim, Kang-Hee;Kim, Ki-Yang;Choy, Yun-Ho;Kim, Hyeong-Cheol;Hwang, Jeong-Mi
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.247-253
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    • 2012
  • Ultrasound measures of back fat thickness (UBF), eye muscle area (UEMA) and marbling score (UMS) and carcass measures of carcass weight (CW), backfat thickness (BF), eye muscle area (EMA) and marbling score (MS) were available on 26,129 Hanwoo steers. Statistically significant differences by regions of the farms location and birth years-seasons for the steers taken ultrasound measures and their carcass measures (p<0.01) were found. Steers in Gyeonggi province showed the highest values in ultrasound measures and carcass traits except in BF compared to steers in the other provinces. Comparing between ultrasound and carcass measures, UBF was thicker in general than BF in all regions except in Daejeon city. UEMA was higher than EMA in all regions except in Gyeonggior in Jeju provinces. Especially, the difference in Jeonnam province between UEMA and EMA was $7cm^2$ while the differences between UMS and MS ranged from 0.9 to 2.26 depending on the regions of steers located. Steers born in spring showed greater ultrasound or carcass values than those born in autumn. However, carcass measures of steers born in autumn were greater than those born in spring, 2009 except MS. The pearson and residual correlations were 0.63 and 0.65 between UBF and BF, 0.31 and 0.32 between UEMA and EMA and 0.56 and 0.56 between UMS and MS, respectively.

Design and Management Direction of Smart Park for Smart Green City (스마트 그린시티 구현을 위한 스마트 공원 설계·관리 방향)

  • Kim, Yong-Gook;Song, Yu-Mi;Cho, Sang-kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to propose a direction for designing and managing a smart park for realizing a smart green city and to present measures in the landscape field to foster related industries. The research process is as follows. First, the concept of a smart park was operationally defined through a literature review, and three principles to be considered in the process of creation and management were established. Second, in terms of the three principles, problems and implications for improvement were derived through an analysis of established cases of smart parks in new and pre-existing cities. Third, a pool of designs and management standards for each spatial component of a smart park was prepared through literature and case studies, and then further refined through brainstorming with experts in related fields. Fourth, measures were suggested to the government, local governments, and the landscape field to promote smart park creation and management. The main findings are as follows. First, the concept of a smart park is defined as "a park that contributes to securing the social, economic, and environmental sustainability of cities and local communities by supporting citizens' safe and pleasant use of parks and improving the management and operational efficiency by utilizing the digital, environment, and material technologies." Second, the three principles of smart parks are to improve the intrinsic value of parks, to improve the innovative functions of parks to solve urban problems, and to make the design, construction, and management process smart. Third, improvement implications were derived through the analysis of cases of smart parks creation in new and pre-existing cities. Fourth, the directions for smart park design and management were suggested in five aspects: green area, hydroponic facility area, road and plaza area, landscape facilities area, and park design method. Fifth, as for policy implications for revitalizing the construction and management of smart parks, the development of smart park policy business models by city growth stage, and park type, the promotion of pilot projects, the promotion of smart park projects in connection with the Korean New Deal policy, and smart park policies led by landscape experts were presented.

Complications of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects using the amplatzer septal occluder (심방 중격 결손의 경피적 폐쇄술 후 발생한 합병증에 관한 연구)

  • Jea, Seo Jin;Kwon, Hyo Jin;Jang, Gi Young;Lee, Jae Young;Kim, Soo Jin;Son, Chang Sung;Lee, Joo Won
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 2008
  • Purpose : Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) is currently established therapy as an alternative to surgery. But rarely, complications are reported in some studies. We report early and intermediate term complications associated with transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects using the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO). Methods : From June 2003 to May 2006, 64 patients underwent transcatheter closure of secundum ASD or patent foramen ovale using the ASO. The ratio of male to female was 1:2.4, the median age was 17 years (range: 2.6-64 years) and their median weight was 47.5 kg (range: 2.6-64 kg). Results : The median diameter of ASD measured with transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography was 15 mm (range: 6-28 mm), the median balloon stretched diameter was 18 mm (range: 6.5-34 mm), and the median size of device was 19.5 mm (range: 6-36 mm), was little difference with balloon stretched diameter. There were 10 cases of complications: arrhythmia (2), device malformation (2), aorta to right atrial fistula (1), hemolytic anemia (1), mitral valve encroachment (1), malposition (1), residual shunt (1), and inferior vena cava perforation (1). Conclusion : Transcatheter closure of ASD using ASO is effective and safe therapy. However, significant complications such as aorta to atrial fistula, atrial erosion, or device embolization can happen, so an appropriate selection of patient and device in relevance to size and anatomy of ASD is important for successful closure.

A Methodology to Develop a Curriculum of Landscape Architecture based on National Competency Standards (국가직무능력표준(NCS) 기반 조경분야 교육과정 개발)

  • Byeon, Jae-Sang;Shin, Sang-Hyun;Ahn, Seong-Ro
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.23-39
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    • 2017
  • This study began from the question, "is there a way to efficiently apply industrial demand in the university curriculum?" Research focused on how to actively accept and respond to the era of the NCS (National Competency Standards). In order to apply NCS to individual departments of the university, industrial personnel must positively participate to form a practical-level curriculum by the NCS, which can be linked to the work and qualifications. A valid procedure for developing a curriculum based on the NCS of this study is as follows: First, the university must select a specific classification of NCS considering the relevant industry outlook, the speciality of professors in the university, the relationship with regional industries and the prospects for future employment, and the need for industrial manpower. Second, departments must establish a type of human resource that compromises goals for the university education and the missions of the chosen NCS. In this process, a unique competency unit of the university that can support the basic or applied subjects should be added to the task model. Third, the task model based on the NCS should be completed through the verification of each competency unit considering the acceptance or rejection in the curriculum. Fourth, subjects in response to each competency units within the task model should be developed while considering time and credits according to university regulations. After this, a clear subject description of how to operate and evaluate the contents of the curriculum should be created. Fifth, a roadmap for determining the period of operating subjects for each semester or year should be built. This roadmap will become a basis for the competency achievement frame to decide upon the adoption of a Process Evaluation Qualification System. In order for the NCS to be successfully established within the university, a consensus on the necessity of the NCS should be preceded by professors, students and staff members. Unlike a traditional curriculum by professors, the student-oriented NCS curriculum is needed sufficient understanding and empathy for the many sacrifices and commitment of the members of the university.

Predicting link of R&D network to stimulate collaboration among education, industry, and research (산학연 협업 활성화를 위한 R&D 네트워크 연결 예측 연구)

  • Park, Mi-yeon;Lee, Sangheon;Jin, Guocheng;Shen, Hongme;Kim, Wooju
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.37-52
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    • 2015
  • The recent global trends display expansion and growing solidity in both cooperative collaboration between industry, education, and research and R&D network systems. A greater support for the network and cooperative research sector would open greater possibilities for the evolution of new scholar and industrial fields and the development of new theories evoked from synergized educational research. Similarly, the national need for a strategy that can most efficiently and effectively support R&D network that are established through the government's R&D project research is on the rise. Despite the growing urgency, due to the habitual dependency on simple individual personal information data regarding R&D industry participants and generalized statistical data references, the policies concerning network system are disappointing and inadequate. Accordingly, analyses of the relationships involved for each subject who is participating in the R&D industry was conducted and on the foundation of an educational-industrial-research network system, possible changes within and of the network that may arise were predicted. To predict the R&D network transitions, Common Neighbor and Jaccard's Coefficient models were designated as the basic foundational models, upon which a new prediction model was proposed to address the limitations of the two aforementioned former models and to increase the accuracy of Link Prediction, with which a comparative analysis was made between the two models. Through the effective predictions regarding R&D network changes and transitions, such study result serves as a stepping-stone for an establishment of a prospective strategy that supports a desirable educational-industrial-research network and proposes a measure to promote the national policy to one that can effectively and efficiently sponsor integrated R&D industries. Though both weighted applications of Common Neighbor and Jaccard's Coefficient models provided positive outcomes, improved accuracy was comparatively more prevalent in the weighted Common Neighbor. An un-weighted Common Neighbor model predicted 650 out of 4,136 whereas a weighted Common Neighbor model predicted 50 more results at a total of 700 predictions. While the Jaccard's model demonstrated slight performance improvements in numeric terms, the differences were found to be insignificant.

A Study on the Floating Island for Water Quality Improvement of a Reservoir (저수지 수질개선을 위한 인공식물섬 조성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kwang-Sik;Jang, Jeong-Ryeol;Kim, Young-Kyeong;Park, Byung-Heun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 1999
  • Three floating islands have been constructed for water quality improvement for a polluted irrigation reservoir. Each floating island consists of 10 segments. Each segment hay an area of $16m^2$(4×4m) and is made of wood frames and floats(polystyrene foam). We planted three species of aquatic macrophytes(Typha angustifolia, Zizania latifolia, and Phragmites australis) in floating island on June, 1998. They grew very well without death. We would like to evaluate Phragmites australis is the most suitable aquatic macrophyte that could be planted in a floating island because it maintained the best balance of its root and shoot among them. During their grown period, net primary productivity of Typha angustifolia was $962gDM/m^2$, Zizania latifolia was $1,115gDM/m^2$, and Phragmites australis was $523gDM/m^2$. From these data, it would be estimated to 5.0Kg uptake of nitrogen by aquatic macrophytes and phosphorus 0.8Kg in 3 floating islands. The floating islands worked well as a habitat of fish and prawns. Many kinds of insect lived on the floating islands. The floating island has not only the function of water quality treatment but also several advantages: improvement of landscape and species diversity; low cost of maintenance; low technology; unnecessary of energy; less susceptible to variations in pollutant loading. It could be evaluated a good measure of water quality improvement for an irrigation reservoir. However, it should be intensively studied to develop more light, strong, durable and low-priced frames for efficient floating islands.

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Host-Based Intrusion Detection Model Using Few-Shot Learning (Few-Shot Learning을 사용한 호스트 기반 침입 탐지 모델)

  • Park, DaeKyeong;Shin, DongIl;Shin, DongKyoo;Kim, Sangsoo
    • KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.271-278
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    • 2021
  • As the current cyber attacks become more intelligent, the existing Intrusion Detection System is difficult for detecting intelligent attacks that deviate from the existing stored patterns. In an attempt to solve this, a model of a deep learning-based intrusion detection system that analyzes the pattern of intelligent attacks through data learning has emerged. Intrusion detection systems are divided into host-based and network-based depending on the installation location. Unlike network-based intrusion detection systems, host-based intrusion detection systems have the disadvantage of having to observe the inside and outside of the system as a whole. However, it has the advantage of being able to detect intrusions that cannot be detected by a network-based intrusion detection system. Therefore, in this study, we conducted a study on a host-based intrusion detection system. In order to evaluate and improve the performance of the host-based intrusion detection system model, we used the host-based Leipzig Intrusion Detection-Data Set (LID-DS) published in 2018. In the performance evaluation of the model using that data set, in order to confirm the similarity of each data and reconstructed to identify whether it is normal data or abnormal data, 1D vector data is converted to 3D image data. Also, the deep learning model has the drawback of having to re-learn every time a new cyber attack method is seen. In other words, it is not efficient because it takes a long time to learn a large amount of data. To solve this problem, this paper proposes the Siamese Convolutional Neural Network (Siamese-CNN) to use the Few-Shot Learning method that shows excellent performance by learning the little amount of data. Siamese-CNN determines whether the attacks are of the same type by the similarity score of each sample of cyber attacks converted into images. The accuracy was calculated using Few-Shot Learning technique, and the performance of Vanilla Convolutional Neural Network (Vanilla-CNN) and Siamese-CNN was compared to confirm the performance of Siamese-CNN. As a result of measuring Accuracy, Precision, Recall and F1-Score index, it was confirmed that the recall of the Siamese-CNN model proposed in this study was increased by about 6% from the Vanilla-CNN model.