• Title/Summary/Keyword: 기술적 효율성

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An Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Port Labor Using DEA/Super Efficiency (DEA/초효율법을 이용한 항만노무 효율성 분석)

  • Jang, Woon-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2017
  • This paper measured and evaluated the technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency of port labor via three inputs and three outputs using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). First, the average overall technical efficiency measured about 94.18 %, with 100 % pure technical efficiency being larger than 94.18% scale efficiency. As a result, 7 ports were identified as efficient, and 4 ports were identified as inefficient. Among the 4 ineffiecient ports, Donghae had the highest Increasing Return to Scale (IRS). However, the inefficient ports were all found to be less efficient in terms of resource operation than production scale. On the other hand, the efficient ports established priorities using the super efficiency method. As a result, port efficiency was highest for Incheon, Mokpo, Pyeongtaek-Dangjin, Masan, Yeosu Gwangyang, Jeju, and Gunsan-Daesan Ports, in order. In particular, Busan Port, found to be inefficient, would benefit from using Mokpo Port and Incheon Port as benchmarks to increase trade volume and modernize equipment for full-scale commercialization to improve labor efficiency.

Analysis of Technical Efficiency in Online and Digital Content Industry (온라인 및 디지털 콘텐츠 산업의 기술적 효율성 분석)

  • So, Soon-Hu;Lee, Mi-na
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.128-130
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    • 2016
  • The digital content industry is growing rapidly with the popularity of online content and mobile devices. This study estimates the technical efficiency of the online digital content industry, and identifies factors that could be causing inefficiency. Unlike most previous studies, which adopted input-oriented or output-oriented DEA model, this study employs non-oriented DEA model in order to deal with both input surpluses and output shortfalls. The input variables for the empirical analysis are number of companies and number of workers. The total sales is used as the output variables. The empirical results show that the technical efficiency of the online digital content industry is relatively low mainly due to the scale efficiency rather than the pure technical efficiency. This implies that industry-specific policies should be implemented in order to improve technical efficiency as well as to strengthen technological innovation capability. Therefore, it is expected that the results obtained in this study can be used as a good reference for helping the online digital content industry enhance their competitiveness.

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Competitiveness and Export Performance in Korean Manufacturing Enterprises : Focusing on the Comparison of Conglomerates and SMEs (국내 제조기업의 경쟁력과 수출: 대기업과 중소기업의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Dong-Joo
    • Korea Trade Review
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.1-26
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    • 2018
  • This study estimates the technical efficiency and total factor productivity(TFP) of and analyzes the relationship between TFP and exports for Korean manufacturing companies from 2000 to 2016. Specially, TFP is decomposed into Technical Change(TC), Technical Efficiency Change (TEC), and Sale Effect(SE), and compared between large and small enterprises. First, in the case of technical efficiency, the Korean economy has been very vulnerable to external shocks, such as the sharp decline following the 2008 financial crisis. The efficiency of the electronics, automobile, and machinery sectors is low and needs to be improved. In addition, the technological efficiency of large enterprises is higher than that of SMEs in most manufacturing sub-sectors except for non-ferrous metals. In the case of TFP, most changes are due to TC, and the effective combination of labor, capital and the effect of scale have little effect, suggesting that improvement of internal structure is urgent. In addition, volatility due to the impact of the financial crisis in 2008 was much larger in SMEs than in large companies, so external economic impacts are more greater for SMEs than large enterprises. The relationship between TFP decomposition factors and exports shows that TC has a positive effect only on exports of SMEs. Therefore, in order to increase exports, in the case of SMEs, R&D support to promote technological development is needed. In the case of large companies, it is necessary to establish differentiated strategies for each export market, competitor company, and item to link efficiency and scale effect of exports.

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Measuring Allocntive Performance by using DEA Model when price and cost data are available (가격$\cdot$원가정보가 주어진 경우 배분적 성과를 측정하기 위한 DEA모형의 설계)

  • 오동일
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2004
  • Allocative efficiency measures the extents to which the technically efficient units falls shorts of achieving minimal cost. By using this measure manager can make decision about how to redistribute organizational resources to improve price efficiency. Allocative and overall efficiency are derived on the basis of budget line and cost minimization concept. The purpose of this study is to introduce the concept of allocative efficiency and propose two modified DEA models. Examples are provided to illustrate the similarities and the application procedure of the two model. By providing example and tracing the data application procedure, we found the same results but some cautions are needed to interpret the valuation.

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Technical Efficiency of Medical Resource Supply and Demand (의료자원 공급, 수요의 성과 효율성에 대한 실증분석)

  • Chang, Insu;Ahn, Hyeong Seok;Kim, Brian H.S.
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.3-19
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study is to observe the efficiency of clinical performance on the supply and demand of medical resources in Korea. For the empirical analysis, we constructed the dataset on age standardized mortality rate, the number of physician, specialist, surgery, medical institution, ratio of general hospitals of 16 provinces in Korea from 2006 to 2013. The panel probability frontier model is employed as an analysis method and considered heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation of the error in panel data. In addition, the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the 16 provinces, unemployment rate, elderly population ratio, GRDP per capita, and ratio of hospitals in comparison to the general hospitals are used to find the effect on the technical efficiency of clinical performance on supply and demand of medical resources. The results are as follows. First, for the clinical performance, the supply side of human resources such as doctors and specialists and the demand side factors such as chronic illness clinic per unit population have a significant influence, respectively. Second, the technical efficiency of clinical performance on the supply and demand of medical resources of each input component was 59-70% in terms of clinical efficiency in each region. Third. estimates of technical efficiency of inputs that affect clinical performance showed a slight increase in all regions during the analysis period, but the increase trend decreased slightly. Fourth, the ratio of the elderly population and GRDP per capita have a positive influence on the technical efficiency of clinical performance on the supply and demand of medical resources. The difference of each efficiency by region is due to the regional differences of the input medical resources and the combination of them and the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the region. It is understood that the differences in technological efficiency due to the complexity of supply and demand of medical resources, demographic structure and economic difference affecting clinical performance by region are different.

Analyzing the Technical Efficiency of Korean Engineering and Construction Firms after the Financial Crisis (외환위기 이후 국내건설회사의 효율성 분석)

  • Kim, Kon-Shik
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.151-161
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    • 2005
  • This paper analyzes the technical efficiencies of 38 Korean engineering and construction firms and the efficiency changes from 1999 to 2003 using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Best practice firms in terms of technical efficiency and profit are identified. For inefficient firms, performance targets to be efficient are suggested. Technical efficiencies had been increased over the five year period, and the efficiency difference between firms had been reduced during this period. The differences in efficiency due to the differences in cooperate governance structures are statistically significant. In addition, the technical efficiency is correlated with product portfolios, degree of subcontract, rates of value added, returns on invested capital, and EBITDA.

An Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Budget in Provinces and Autonomous Regions in China (중국 성시 및 자치구 과학기술 예산활용 효율성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Chao, Na;Jeon, Jun-Woo;Kim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the efficiency of budget utilization of science and technology by the Chinese autonomous province and to present the direction of improvement. Data were obtained from the 2013-2017 statistical yearbook of higher education published by the Ministry of Education of China, and efficiency was analyzed using the malmquist analysis method. The analysis found that the low technological progress caused changes in the productivity MPI index, and that cities affected by technological efficiency needed to improve internal factors such as internal coordination and restructuring of universities in the region to increase efficiency. And it was found that areas affected by technological change needed proper response to external factors such as government policy, economic environment, social environment or technological development. This study is meaningful in that it presented reference data in enhancing efficiency of budget utilization of science and technology by autonomy of China, and it is necessary to establish strategies and study essential factors to increase efficiency of inefficient areas in the future.

Analyzing the Technical Efficiency of Korean System Integration Firms (자료포괄분석을 이용한 국내 SI회사의 효율성 분석)

  • Kim, Kon-Shik
    • 한국IT서비스학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.592-599
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    • 2005
  • 본 논문은 자료포괄분석(Data Envelopment Analysis, DEA)을 이용하여 국내 SI회사를 대상으로 효율성을 측정하고 효율성의 연도별 추세를 분석하여 개별기업 및 산업차원에서 변화의 방향을 파악하였다. 기업집단의 소속여부에 따른 비효율성의 차이와 효율성에 영향을 미치는 주요 요인에 관해 실증적으로 분석하였다. 평균적으로 국내 SI회사의 기술적 효율성은 약간 하락하고 있으며, TE 및 PTE의 표준편차와 최대값-최소값의 범위는 상당히 증가하고 있어 양극화가 심화되고 있음을 확인하였다. 또한 기업집단 소속인 기업과 그렇지 않은 기업의 효율성을 분석한 결과 그 차이는 통계적으로 유의함을 검증하였다. 한편, 효율성에 영향을 미치는 각종 요인과 TE 및 PTE 간의 상관관계를 분석한 결과, 내부매출비중, 정보생산성, 인당매출, EBITDA율, 부가가치율, 투하자본 수익률(ROIC) 등과 TE 및 PTE 간에 모두 강한 상관계수를 보이고 있다. 이와 같은 효율성의 분석을 통해 SI산업의 지속 가능한 경쟁력을 확보하고 개별 기업의 효율성을 향상하기 위한 전략적 벤치마킹과 정책적 의사결정에 기여할 수 있다.

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Efficiency analysis in the presence of network effect with DEA method (네트워크 효과를 고려한 천연가스산업의 기술적 효율성 분석)

  • 이정동;오경준
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.36-52
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    • 2000
  • This study takes an issue of efficiency analysis in the presence of network effect utilizing the DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) framework. Network effect has important policy implication for the regulation of local monopolies which undertake their business through physical network, such as electricity, natural gas, local telephony, etc. If the difference in spatial condition between companies is not controlled properly, the performance comparison and associated incentive regulation bear significant bias. In this study, we propose a methodology to measure the true managerial or technical efficiency apart from efficiency difference accruing from the difference in spatial condition. A series of modified DEA efficiency models are combined to investigate the extent of exogenous and endogenous efficiency component in the Korean natural gas distribution companies. Empirical results show that the network effect plays significant role in determining superficial performance difference.

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