• Title, Summary, Keyword: 금연 자기효능감

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Effects of Self-efficacy on Relationship between Smoking-cessation Expectancy and Stress (금연기대와 자기효능감이 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Soon;Park, Jong;Choi, Yang-Ho;Kim, Hye-Sook;Ha, Yun-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of smoking cessation expectation and on the stress for subjects in smoking cessation clinic and effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between expectancy and stress, with the aim of establishing an effective management smoking cessation strategy. Methods: Current smokers (n=161) >30-years-of-age who were residents of G city completed a questionnaire. Results: Concerning the effect of self-efficacy and the expectancy on stress, they were significantly effective in first, second and third stage, and appeared 8.3% in first stage, 13.8% in third stage, showing self-efficacy has a controlling effect on stress. Conclusion: Smoking cessation expectancy and self-efficacy significantly influence stress, and must be taken into account in development of smoking-cessation strategies and programs.

The Effect of Self-Efficacy Promotion Smoking Cessation Program on the Amount of Smoking, CO, Urine Cotinine Level and Self-Efficacy for Adolescent Smokers (자기효능증진 금연프로그램이 청소년 흡연자의 흡연량, 호기 일산화탄소, 소변 내 코티닌 수치 및 자기 효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Choe, Eun-Young;Jeong, Seong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of self-efficacy promotion of the smoking cessation program on the amount of smoking, carbon monoxide level, urine cotinine level and the smoking cessation self-efficacy of adolescent smokers. Methods: The subjects composed of 24 for the experimental group and 28 for the control group who were smoking adolescents at the Middle School in G city. The data collection was done from October 13 to November 18, 2010. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. This program was composed on the basis of Shin (1997)'s Self-Efficacy Promoting Program. The self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program was conducted for 2 hours per week, and lasted for 6 weeks on the experimental group. The control group had a general smoking program. Data was analyzed using SPSS/WIN 14.0 program. T-test was used to analyze outcome measures. Results: The amount of smoking, CO level, urine cotinine level, and self efficacy level of the experimental group was significantly improved more than that of the control group after intervention. Conclusion: Therefore, self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program for adolescent smokers can be recommended for smoking cessation of adolescents.

Influence of State of Smoking, Smoking Beliefs and Smoking Cessation Self-efficacy in the Nursing College Students (간호대학생의 흡연실태와 흡연신념이 금연자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Youn-Suk
    • Health Communication
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This descriptive research study was influence of state of smoking, smoking beliefs and smoking cessation self-efficacy(SCSE) in a nursing college students. Survey design was adopted for 137 nursing college students in Gyeongbuk. Methods: Data were gathered from April 30 to May 14, 2018. Analyzed for descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. Results: There was a significant negative correlation between smoking belief and SCSE. The significant factors influencing SCSE were daily average amount of smoking, smoking motivation, and smoking beliefs. This model explained 58.2% of variance in SCSE. Conclusion: The results suggest that an intervention program is needed to reduce negative decreasing smoking beliefs and improving smoking attitudes in the nursing college students.

The Effects of a Self-esteem and Smoking Cessation Self-efficiency Improvement Program on Smoking High School Students (자아존중감 및 금연 자기효능감 증진 프로그램이 흡연 고등학생에게 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of a program to improve self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficiency on smoking high school students' self-esteem, smoking cessation self-efficiency, amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Methods: This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest control and experimental group methodological comparison study. The subjects were 45 smoking high school students (Exp.=22, Cont.=23) in U City. Data were collected from October 19 to December 7, 2010, and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program by frequency, Mann-Whitney test, means, standard deviations, and Willcoxon signed rank test. Results: After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed significantly increased self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and also showed decreased amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation compared to the control group. Conclusion: The self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program was effective in improving self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and in diminishing the amount of smoking, cotinine in urine and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for smoking adolescents.

Effects of the Smoking Cessation Self-efficacy Improvement Program on Smoking Patients after Acute Coronary Syndrome (금연 자기효능감 증진 프로그램이 흡연 급성관상동맥증후군 환자에게 미치는 효과)

  • Yun, Kyung Soon;Cho, Sook Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the program to improve on smoking patients' after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy, carbone monoxide (CO), nicotine dependence, and pain sense. Methods: This study used a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants of this study were 60 ACS patients: experimental group (30), control group (30), who received percutaneous coronary intervention. The study lasted from Aug 16, 2016 to Jan 13, 2017. Smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy, CO, nicotine dependence, and pain sense were measured using the structured questionnaires and CO monitor Results: An examination of the effects of this program revealed the experimental group to have a significant increase in smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy than the control group, and a significant decrease in CO, nicotine dependence and pain sense than in the control group. Conclusion: The findings indicate that this smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program is effective for hospitalized patients after ACS.

The Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Nicotine Dependency and Self-Efficacy for Adolescents (금연프로그램이 청소년 흡연자의 니코틴 의존도와 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Paek, Kyung-Shin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.282-288
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to verify the effects of a smoking cessation program for adolescents. Method: This study was designed to use one group with one pre-test and two post-tests. One post-test was done immediately after the completion of the program and the other after eight weeks. The subjects were 21 male high school students who were smokers when this study was carried out. The smoking cessation program consisted of 5 sessions with smoking cessation education and e-mail service after the program. Variables in this research were nicotine dependency (using Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire) and self-efficacy. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: Immediately after the program and eight weeks later, nicotine dependency for continuous smokers decreased significantly (after the program: Z=-2.319, p=.020, eight weeks later: Z=-1.999. p=.046) and self-efficacy increased significantly (after program: Z=-3.024. p=.002. eight weeks later: Z=-2.381. p=.017). Conclusions: The smoking cessation program was effective in decreasing nicotine dependency in the continuous adolescent smokers and in increasing their self-efficacy, Further study needs to be made with a lager number of smoking adolescents using control group design.

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Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Amount of Smoking and Nicotine Dependence and Self-efficacy of Smoking Cessation for Smoking Workers (금연프로그램이 흡연근로자의 흡연량과 니코틴의존도 및 자기효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Mi-Kyung;Kang, Kyung-Sook;Kim, Nam-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.1073-1079
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a smoking cessation program on the amount of smoking and nicotine dependence and the self-efficacy of smoking cessation for smoking workers. Methods: The total number of subjects was 38 smokers and was divided into two: 16 smokers were placed in the experimental group and 22 in the control group. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The smoking cessation program consisted of two sessions and was implemented for two hours daily for five days. Data was analyzed by using the SPSS/WIN 11.0 program with $X^2-test$, t-test or Mann-Whitney U and ANCOVA. Results: After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed a significantly decreased amount of smoking, a decreased nicotine dependency and increased self-efficacy compared to the control group. Conclusion: The smoking cessation program was effective for diminishing the amount of smoking, decreasing nicotine dependence and improving self-efficacy. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for adult smokers.

Content Analysis of Anti-Smoking TV advertisements: Different Adaptation of Health Communication Theories between Korea and the U.S.A. (금연 TV광고의 내용분석 연구 -한국과 미국의 차이에 기반한 건강 커뮤니케이션 이론의 적용-)

  • Hong, Eunhee;Lee, Cheolhan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.76-87
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    • 2012
  • This study examined Korean and the U.S.A..'s television anti-smoking advertisements that were coined to discourage adults and teens smoking. A content analysis of 71 television advertisements listed in the "Smoking Guidance Program" operated by Korea Health Promotion Foundation. This study evaluated to detect whether the advertising content reflected core health communication theories such as health belief model, theory of reasoned action, and social cognitive theory used in the designing of anti-smoking ad message to change behavior and attitudes toward smoking unfavorably. The results showed that Korean anti-smoking ads mostly relied on social norm messages, followed by smoking attitude. The message of modeling and self-efficacy was least used; while, the U.S.A. ads focused more on modeling and self efficacy. This difference comes from the cultural difference. Namely, Korea focused more on collectivism rather than individualism. The anti-smoking ads of Korea and the U.S.A. most frequently adopted horror and humor rather than sadness, no appeal, and angry. The ads targeted more on adults rather than teens. The research identifies the types of advertisements that are most likely to utilized and underutilize in the Korea and U.S.A. anti-smoking ads and contribute to further understandings of anti-smoking ads theoretically.

The Effect of Self-Efficacy Promotion Smoking Cessation Program for Middle School Students (흡연 중학생에 대한 자기효능감증진 금연프로그램의 효과)

  • Lee, Ji-Hyun;Kang, Eun-Sil;Lee, Myung-Hwa;Lee, Young-Eun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.716-731
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to test the effect of a self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program for middle school students. This program was redesigned on the basis of Shin Sung Rye( 1997)' s Self-Efficacy Promoting Program for this study. The design of this paper was quasi-experimental. equivalent control group pre-post test. time series design. The subjects of this study were 53 smoker adolescents in D Middle School in the city of Busan. The results were summarized as follows: 1) The Hypothesis 1 was accepted: The self efficacy of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group after 1 week (expected efficacy t=2.20, p<.05. expected outcomes t=-2.58. p<.05) 4 weeks after education (expected efficacy t=- .19. p<.001, expected outcomes t=-2.586. p<.05). 2) The Hypothesis 2 was accepted: The amount of smoking of the experimental group was reduced more than that of the control group after 1 week (t=2.05, p<.05) and after 4 weeks (t=2.03. p<.05). 3) The Hypothesis 3 was accepted: The positive urine cotinine of the experimental group was less than that of the control group after 1 week after education($x^2$=8.57. p<.01) after 4 weeks ($x^2$=22.49. p<.001). In conclusion. a self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program for middle school students was an effective smoking cessation program and then it will be valuable for stopping the smoking among the adolescents.

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Self-efficacy and Preparation of Smoking Cessation in Service and Sales Woman Smokers Working in Department Stores (백화점 서비스 및 판매업 종사 흡연 여성 근로자의 금연자기효능감과 금연준비도)

  • Ha, Yeongmi;Park, Ki-Soo;Choi, Hyeok;Yang, Seungkyoung
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.168-176
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe smoking characteristics, and then to examine relationships between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and preparation of smoking cessation in service and sales woman employee with smoking in department stores. Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis carried by the smoking cessation support center. One hundred six employees smoking women participated from two department stores. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 program. Descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA along with $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, pearson correlation coefficients were used for statistics. Results: The study results have shown that the mean score of self-efficacy for smoking cessation $5.1{\pm}2.62$, preparation smoking cessation $4.0{\pm}2.89$. There was positive relation between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and preparation smoking cessation. Conclusion: Considering the findings from this study, there is a need to develop self-efficacy for smoking cessation program for effective smoking cessation in service and sales woman smokers employee.