• Title, Summary, Keyword: 금속회수

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Recovery of Precious Metals from Waste PCB and Auto Catalyst Using Arc Furnace (귀금속 함유 폐기물로부터 아크로를 이용한 유가금속 회수)

  • Ban Bong-Chan;Kim Chang-Min;Kim Young-Im;Kim Dong-Sn
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.3-11
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    • 2002
  • Recently, waste printed circuit board (PCB) has significantly increased in its amount due to the rapid development of electronic industries. Since several kinds of noxious materials and also valuable metals are contained in it, the waste PCB is in an urgent need of recycling for the dual purposes for the prevention of environmental pollution and recovery of valuable resources. Also, the catalyst which equipped in the exhaust pipes of automobiles to reduce emission of air pollutants contains precious met-als so that their recovery from the waste auto-catalysts is required. In this study, the recovery of valuable metals from waste PCB and auto-catalyst by arc furnace melting process has been investigated, which is known to be very stable and suitable f3r less production of pollutants due to its high operating temperature. The effect of the kind of flux on the recovery of precious metals was examined by using quicklime, converter slag, and copper slag as the flux. In addition, the influence of direct and alternating current and the applying direction of direct current has been investigated. It was observed that using converter or copper slag as a flux was more desirable for a higher efficiency in the precious metal recovery compared with quicklime. For the effect of current, application of direct current taking the bottom as a negative pole generally showed a better efficiency for the extraction of valuable metals from waste PCB, which was also observed for the case of waste auto-catalyst. The average recovery of precious metals from both wastes by arc furnace melting process was very high, which was up to in the range of 95~97%.

A study of recovery and recycling from Tin wasted resources (주석 함유 폐 자원으로부터 주석 회수 및 재활용 방안 연구)

  • Jeong, Hang-Cheol;Jin, Yeon-Ho;Kim, Geon-Hong;Jang, Dae-Hwan;Gong, Man-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.217-218
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    • 2015
  • 주석은 최근 첨단 전기, 전자 제품의 핵심 소재로써 지속적인 수요 증가가 예상되는 전략 금속이다. 국내의 수요량은 2011년 기준 약 17,000톤 으로 99% 이상 수입에 의존하고 있는 실정이다. 그러나, 국내의 주석 제련 산업은 전무한 상태이며 폐자원에서 재활용하는 회수 기술도 초보 단계이다. 이러한 폐자원 발생량은 12,000톤/year이며, 약 1200억원에 달하는 규모이다. 다양한 폐자원의 선별적 전처리 요소 기술 개발 및 회수 공정 시스템 개발이 절실히 요구된다. 본 연구에서는, 주석 폐자원 중 solder 용융물 및 공정 스크랩 Lead solder, Lead-free solder 등 뿐만 아니라, ITO target 제조 시 발생하는 ITO sludge 등의 고상 폐자원으로부터 페자원의 물성을 파악하여 금속/산화물과의 파/분쇄 및 분급공정을 통하여 고품위의 주석 금속을 회수하였다. 뿐만 아니라, 고순도 주석시 발생하는 양극 슬라임 침출액 등의 액상 폐자원으로부터 희소금속의 추출 및 회수를 위해 습식 전처리 공정을 수행하였다. 침출액은 주석, 구리, 납 등의 유가금속이 이온형태로 존재하고 있으며, Chlorine이 다량 함유되어 있다. 고품위의 주석 산화물을 회수하기 위하여 침출액 내의 구리 제거 공정, Chlorine 제거 공정 등을 순차적으로 수행하여 고품위의 산화물 회수를 수행하였다.

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Properties of Impurities Removal for Reclaiming Valuable Metal from Wasted Fuel cell (폐연료전지로부터 회수된 희유금속에서 불순물 제거 특성)

  • Kim, Youngae;Kwon, Hyunji;Koo, Jeongboon;Kwak, Inseob;Sin, Jangsik
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.198.1-198.1
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    • 2010
  • 고분자전해질 연료전지(PEMFC)의 핵심부품인 스택의 MEA는 전극과 멤브레인 전해질, GDL(Gas Diffusion Layer)로 구성되며, 전극은 Anoth극과 Cathod극으로 나뉘어 각각의 전극 특성에 적합한 전극촉매를 적용하게 된다. Anoth극과 Cathod극은 탄소 지지체 위에 원하는 사양의 희유금속이 도포되어 존재하는데 이들 희유금속은 그 희귀성으로 인해 사용 후 반드시 재사용되어야 한다. 사용된 전극에서의 희유금속 회수는 산침출, 불순물제거, 추출, 탈거 공정으로 이루어지며, 산침출 시 산화제로 사용된 NaOCl로 인한 침출용액 내의 Na+ 이온의 증가는 불순물제거 공정에 의해 반드시 제거되어야 한다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 CCG 방식으로 전극촉매를 GDL에 코팅한 MEA로부터 백금족 희유금속을 회수 시 MEA에 포함되어 있는 소량의 불순물을 제거하고자 한다.

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Recovery of Sn, Cu, Pb and HNO3 from the spent solder stripping solutions (폐솔더 박리액에서 주석, 구리, 납 및 질산의 회수)

  • An, Jae-U;Ryu, Seung-Hyeong;Kim, Tae-Yeong;Gang, Myeong-Sik;An, Nak-Gyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.89-90
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    • 2014
  • 인쇄회로기판 패턴도금 박리공정 중 발생하는 폐솔더 박리액은 주석, 구리, 철, 납 등 유가금속이 함유된 질산계 폐액이다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 폐솔더 박리액에서 질산과 유가금속을 체계적으로 회수하는 기술을 개발하고자 하였다. 먼저 폐액을 $80^{\circ}C$에서 3시간 정도 반응시켜 주석을 $SnO_2$ 상태로 90% 이상 회수가 가능하였다. 주석이 회수되고 구리, 철, 납만이 존재하는 질산계 폐솔더 박리액에서 확산투석을 이용하여 질산을 94% 이상 회수가 가능하였고 회수된 질산의 농도는 5.1 N 이었다. 질산을 추출한 폐액에서 침전제로 옥살산(Oxalic acid)을 사용하여 구리를 구리옥살레이트 상태로 침전시켜 타금속이온과 선택적으로 분리하였다. 마지막으로 폐액 중 용해되어있는 납을 $65^{\circ}C$이상에서 철 스크랩을 이용한 세멘테이션을 통하여 회수하였다.

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Current Status on the Pyrometallurgical Process for Recovering Precious and Valuable Metals from Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment(WEEE) Scrap (폐전기전자기기(廢電氣電子機器) 스크랩으로부터 귀금속(貴金屬) 및 유가금속(有價金屬) 회수(回收)를 위한 건식공정(乾式工程) 기술(技術) 현황(現況))

  • Kim, Byung-Su;Lee, Jae-Chun;Jeong, Jin-Ki
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.14-23
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    • 2009
  • In terms of resources recycling and resolving waste disposal problems, it is very important to recover precious metals like Au, Ag and Pd and valuable metals like Cu, Sn and Ni from the scraps of waste electrical and electronic equipment(WEEE) that consists of detective electrical and electronic parts discarded during manufacturing electrical and electronic equipments and waste electrical and electronic parts generated during disassembling them. In general, the scraps of WEEE are composed of various metals and alloys as well as refractory oxides and plastic components. Precious and valuable metals from the scraps of WEEE can be recovered by gas-phase-volatilization, hydrometallurgical, or pyrometallurgical processes. However, the gas-phase-volatilization and hydrometallurgical processes have been suggested but not yet commercialized. At the present time, most of the commercial plants for recovering precious and valuable metals from the scraps of WEEE adopt pyrometallurgical processes. Therefore, in this paper, the technical and environmental aspects on the important pyrometallurgical processes through literature survey are reviewed, and the scale-up result of a new pyrometallurgical process for recovering the precious and valuable metals contained in the scraps of WEEE using waste copper slag is presented.

Recovery of Acids and Valuable Metals from Stainless-Steel Pickling Acids (스텐레스 산세폐액으로부터 산 및 유가금속의 회수)

  • 김성규;이화영;오종기;이동휘
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 1992
  • The process for recovery of acids and valuable metals such as nickel and chromium from the stainless-steel pickling acids has been developed vased on the use of solvent extraction technique. Until now, several processes for the treatment of waste acids were already developed in such countries as Japan, Swden and Canada. Those methods are, however, forcussed on the recovery of acids from them discarding the metals included in them as the hydroxides sludge. In the present work, the recovery of nickel and chromium in addition to nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid has been aimed so as to recycle them to the stainless-steel pickling lines and also to minimize the amount of sludge generated during the treatment of waste acids. The establishment of the process to recover the acids has been carried out based on the solvent extraction with TBP. The iron was eliminated from the waste solutions by precipitating in the form of hydroxide through the adjustment of pH with calcined limestone and the selective extration of chromium and nickel from the resultant solutions has been conducted by using D2EHPA as extractant.

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A Study on the Recovery of a Metalic Fe-particle from the Steelmaking E.A.F. Slag by the Magnetic Separation (전기로 제강 슬래그에서 자력선별에 의한 지금의 회수)

  • 현종영;김형석;신강호;조동성
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.3-8
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    • 1997
  • The EA.F. sleelmaking slag (slag that follow) of a cnmvany 1 Co.. containzd a simple substance of a metal, wustlte (FeO), magnetite (Fe,O,), gehlenite (CaAl,SiO,), monlicellite (CaMgSiO,), dc. To recovere a metal (Fe grade . t95%) in the slag, it is desirable that the particles of a metal are isolated from thc slag and madc for a liberated subslance. Then, the liberaled melal is easlly recoveled by a magnetic separation. If thc rcclarnalcd slag, the sizc of which ranges under 40 nun, have a mulli-stage crushing, the most of a metal in thc slag is simply isolaled as a liberated subslance. If the mad, lhat is a liberated subslance and a sphere, is recovered by a magnetic field intensity. the minimum intensity, at which a metal is attracted, is approximately IOOG and did no1 dcpcnd on the particle size of a metad in the same particles. TIe recovered material. that contdined a iron (Fe) over 95% is a metal which is crushed slag by l00G in the multi-stage. If the magnetic field intcns~ty increase, the recovery mcrcasc, but the concentration grade decrease Bewusc thc concentration eams more and more impurities, iron oxide and the coml~ound of alkali earth element. 'll~ercforc If the rccla~nated slag have the multi-stage crushing, the metal is almostly recovered in the crushed slag by lO0G on each particles. If the slag, used as a rcclamatian lhat is a amount of 350,000 tan from I Co., was undcr the multistage crushing and then separaled by 100gauss, it is possible to recova a metal approximately 2.500 Ion, lhat is 0.73% of n ~eclamated slag. in 304.7 mm particles and to recover 4.200 tan in 0.3-1.7 mm particles , that is 1.2% nf a rcclamated slag, in a year. Therefore, ihe told recoverable meld is 6,700 ton, that is 19% of a reclmated slag, in a year, too.

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Recovery of the Metal and Energy Resources from the Wasted PCB (폐 인쇄회로기판의 유가금속 및 에너지자원 회수)

  • Kim, Yu-Sang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.104-104
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    • 2009
  • 금값 폭등과 에너지자원 고갈에 따라 폐 인쇄회로기판의 유가금속 및 에너지자원을 효과적으로 회수하고자, 최근 국내외 금 회수 및 폐백보드 활용방안을 제시하였다. 금을 회수하는 방법으로는 침적박리, 농축처리, 중화처리, 수용액환원처리, 이온교환수지, 전해채취 등의 방법이 있다. 금은 상온침적박리 회수하며 폐백보드는 이동식 건축내장재로 활용하고자 한다.

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