• Title/Summary/Keyword: 규모효율성

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A Trend Analysis on Scale Efficiency of the Port of Gwangyang: 1994-2004 (광양항의 규모효율성 추세분석: 1994-2004)

  • Park, Ro-Kyung
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.59-78
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the trend on scale efficiency of the Port of Gwangyang from 1994 to 2004 using CCR, BCC, and Malmquist index approaches. The main results are as follows. first, scale efficiency shows a 50% similar [5(94/95, 95/96, 97/98, 2001/2002, 2003/2004) out of 10] pattern to technical efficiency change. Second, total factor productivity increased at 48.57% rate of growth on average in 6 out of 10 periods except 96/97, 97/98, 99/2000, and 2000/2001. 2003/2004 period is the one period experiencing rapid total factor productivity changes, mainly due to technical progress. Third, the ranking order of accumulative indices is scale efficiency change, TFP change, efficiency change, technical change, and pure efficiency change. The main policy implication of this paper is that according to the CCR, BCC, and Malmquist results, the Port of Gwangyang should develop the plan for enhancing the 5 Malmquist indices with following the management way of benchmarking ports.

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Analysis of Relative Efficiency in Domestic Bank (국내 일반은행의 상대적 효율성 분석)

  • Noh, Meehyun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • 2014.11a
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    • pp.429-430
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 DEA를 이용하여 국내 일반은행(13개)의 상대적 효율성을 분석하였다. 분석결과, CCR모형에 의한 기술효율성이 '1'인 은행은 5개, BCC모형에 의한 순수기술효율성이 '1'인 은행은 9개였으며, 규모효율성이 '1'인 은행은 5개였다. 시중은행과 지방은행의 효율성 평균 차이 분석에서는 기술효율성과 순수기술효율성에서는 유의한 차이가 없었으며, 규모효율성에서만 p<0.1에서 지방은행이 시중은행 보다 다소 높은 효율성을 보였다.

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Productivity Change in Korean banks After the Financial Crisis : $1997\sim2000$ (외환위기 이후 국내은행의 생산성 변화 측정: 1997년$\sim$2000년)

  • Hong, Bong-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Management
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.133-151
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구는 Malmquist지수를 이용하여 1997년 외환위기 때부터 2000년까지 국내은행의 생산성 변화를 순수기술효율성, 규모효율성 및 기술진보의 변화로 구분하여 측정함과 동시에 서울소재은행과 지방은행간의 생산성을 비교하였다. 1997년과 2000년간의 순수기술효율성의 변화는 감소하였지만, 규모효율성과 기술진보의 변화가 순수기술효율성의 하락 부분을 상쇄한 결과로 2000년에는 1997년의 생산성 수준을 회복하였다는 것을 확인하였다. $1997{\sim}2000$년의 서울소재 은행과 지방은행간을 비교한 결과에 의하면 서울소재은행의 생산성이 높게 나타났다. 두 집단간에 이러한 차이는 규모효율성으로부터 기인하였으며, 기술혁신을 의미하는 기술진보의 변화에는 두 집단간에 차이가 없었다. 특히 지방은행의 생산성은 2000년에도 1997년도 수준을 회복하지 못하고 있다.

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Management Efficiency of the Full-time and Part-time Oak Mushroom Farms using DEA models (DEA 모형을 이용한 주업과 겸업 표고재배 임가의 경영효율성 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Seong-Youn;Jeon, Jun-Heon;Won, Hyun-Kyu;Lee, Jung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.103 no.4
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    • pp.639-645
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the management efficiency of oak mushroom farms in Korea using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), which is one of the non-parametric estimation methods. The data that was analyzed in this study was from the result of 2013 survey entitled "Standard Diagnostic Table for Oak Mushroom Management", which was conducted from March 2012 to October 2012. This survey was based on the inputs and outputs of 20 oak mushroom farms. Specifically, this study analyzed the technical efficiency, pure-technical efficiency and scale efficiency using CCR and BCC model of the DEA methods. Furthermore, this study compares the management efficiency between the full time oak mushroom production farms and part time oak mushroom production farms. Results showed that mean value for the technical efficiency was 0.655 which is considered as inefficient in general. For the pure-technical efficiency and scale efficiency, the mean values were 0.830 and 0.747, respectively which showed that inefficiency in the management was observed in the mushroom farms. Results also showed that there were seven farms with a total efficiency of 1, namely Decision Making Unit(DMU)2, DMU5, DMU6, DMU8, DMU10, DMU15 and DMU20. The management efficiency of DMU7 specifically the inputs for production was analyzed and compared to DMU5 and DMU6 and results showed that the DMU7 had an excessive inoculation and site development cost. Lastly, it was also observed that the full time mushroom production farms were more efficient as compared to the part time mushroom farms because of the lower scale efficiency value or smaller area for mushroom production allotted in the part time farms.

Estimating The Efficiency of Korean Banks with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA를 활용한 국내은행의 효율성 분석)

  • 이정섭;이수용
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • 2004.10a
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    • pp.661-664
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 DEA기법을 이용하여 14개의 국내 은행의 상대적 효율성을 평가하였다. 효율성 평가에 있어서 은행을 중개기관 접근방법에서 평가하였으며, 투입물과 산출물을 선정하는 데 있어서 신탁계정과 은행계정별로 구분하여 연구를 수행하였다. 또한 규모의 효율성을 평가하기 위해 CCR모형과 함께 BCC모형을 이용하여 효율성을 평가하였다. 분석결과 신탁계정과 은행계정의 효율성은 차이가 있었으며, 대부분의 은행들이 DRS의 규모의 효율성에 있는 것으로 나타났다.

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DEA Model for Measuring the relative Efficiency of Korean Materials and Components Industry (DEA 모형을 이용한 부품소재산업의 효율성 분석)

  • Oh, Ji-Hwan;Chung, Ki-Ho
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.273-292
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    • 2012
  • This paper attempts to analyze the efficiency of Korean Materials and Components Industry. 48 sample companies are extracted and efficiency analysis for them are accomplished by using DEA model. We use both CCR-I model and BCC-I model and classify the 48 companies into two groups; efficient and inefficient companies. We find the reference set which inefficient companies should benchmark in order to achieve efficiency and present the improving values for input and output variables. We analyze whether the inefficiencies come from scale or inefficient operation by measuring the scale efficiency. Finally the ranking among the efficient companies is derived through the super-efficiency analysis.

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An Efficiency Analysis of Public Enterprises Using Bootstrap DEA (부트스트랩 DEA를 이용한 공기업 효율성 분석)

  • Park, Man Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.475-487
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    • 2015
  • This study measures the managerial efficiency of Korea's 14 public enterprises using bootstrap DEA in 2013. In addition, it examines the factors that affect on the bootstrap bias-corrected efficiency using truncated regression analysis. The results and implications of this study are as follows. First, using bootstrap DEA model analysis, the results showed that the mean technical efficiency was 0.3182, the mean pure technical efficiency was 0.4994 and the mean scale efficiency was 0.6585. The main cause of technical inefficiency was due to pure technical inefficiency. Second, rank test between technical efficiency of general DEA model and bootstrap DEA model was no significant difference under CRS and VRS assumption. Third, the main cause of the inefficiency in 11 DMUs among 14 DMUs were mainly due to the pure technology and three DMUs were because of the scale efficiency. Finally, in the truncated regression analysis, cost of labor, profit, sales, return of equity, and the number of employees appeared as factors affecting the scale efficiency at the 10% significance level.

Evaluation of University Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA를 적용한 대학도서관의 효율성 평가)

  • Jung, Young-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.301-315
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    • 2011
  • DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) is useful to measure the relative efficiency of organizational units where the presence of multiple inputs and outputs. This study applied DEA-CCR and DEA-BCC to evaluate the technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency of 29 university libraries. The input variables were number of books, print edition expenses, building space, staff, number of seats. As output variables we estimated: reader visits, number of borrowed items, number of visitors. It was found out that number of libraries with 100% relative efficiency among 29 libraries were 13. Also the results shows that main reason of inefficiency was from scale rather than from pure technical. Many inefficient libraries were operations of increasing return to scale.

Improving Outcome of Mass Media (매스미디어 운영에 따른 성과제고에 관한 연구 -국내 신문산업을 중심으로-)

  • Hwang, Jong-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.366-375
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    • 2013
  • Recently, management of Newspaper developmet of the internet news, broadcasting and free newspapers escalated competition between newspaper companies and other media companies as well as competition among newapaper companies. This paper analyzes the efficiency of Korean Newapaper using DEA model. We evaluate the CCR-O, BCC-O efficiency, SE and RTS of 30 Newspaper. We also suggest the Newpaper which can be benchmarked based on analyzed information. The result shows that ten Nespaper whose values of CCR-O efficiency are 1, and Fourteen Nespaper whose values of BCC efficiency are 1. RTS indicates IRS of 1 firms, DRS of 16 firms and CRS of 13 firms. To variables on the effectiveness of newspaper publishing companies for the understanding and performance analysis.

Management Efficiency of Chestnut-Cultivating Households in Chungnam Province (충남지역 밤나무 재배 임가의 경영 효율성 분석)

  • Won, Hyun-Kyu;Jeon, Jun-Heon;Yoo, Byoung-Il;Lee, Seong-Youn;Lee, Jung-Min;Ji, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.102 no.3
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    • pp.390-397
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    • 2013
  • The study, utilizing a data envelopment analysis (DEA) which is one of the nonparametric estimation methods, aims to evaluate the management efficiency of chestnut tree cultivators in such provinces in Chungchungnam-do as Cheong-yang, Gong-ju, Bu-yeo and so on. The analysis data of this study is based on inputs and outputs of 20 forestry households surveyed in the 2012 survey titled 'A Study on Current Level and Condition of Chestnut Cultivation and Management', which was conducted from March 2012 to October 2012. The elements of inputs are composed of management cost, harvesting cost, material cost, non-operation expenses and cultivation area, while the element of output is a gross margin only. Then the study analyzes a technical efficiency, a puretechnical efficiency and a scale efficiency using CCR and BCC model among DEA methods. Based on that, it also provides improvement methods for forestry households that turned out to be inefficient. In order to verify the result of DEA analysis, the study additionally compares a result of this efficiency study with that of chestnuts management standard diagnostic table. According to the result, the average value of technical efficiency analyzed was 0.667, proving to be inefficient in general. Given that the average value of pure-technical efficiency was 0.944 and that of scale efficiency was 0.703, it can be inferred that inefficiency exists in the field of scale, not in the field of cultivation techniques. As for forestry households with the efficiency score of 1, it is shown that there were 6 households that recorded 1 in the technical efficiency field and 13 households that recorded 1 in the pure technical efficiency. Meanwhile, there were 6 households that recorded 1 in all of the three aspects. In the comparison with the scores from chestnuts management standard diagnostic table, there were 5 households made a high score of over 80, among which are 3 households with score 1 in the technical efficiency. Also, the results of this study and the chestnuts management standard diagnostic table are proved to have the same result, both of them showing the same households that recorded the highest score and the lowest score. This means the management efficiency evaluation using DEA can be applied to the fieldwork along with the chestnuts management standard diagnostic table.