• Title, Summary, Keyword: 관계적 근접성

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Geographies of Learning and Proximity Reconsidered: A Relational/Organizational Perspective (학습과 근접성의 지리에 대한 재고찰: 관계적/조직적 관점)

  • Jong-Ho Lee
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.539-560
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    • 2001
  • This paper aims to critically review the geographical literature on learning and proximity that stresses the role of the regions and geographical proximity in sustaining competitive advantage, and to conceptualize a relational/organizational perspective on the sources of knowledge and learning in the firm. In the first part of the paper, I argue that the geographical literature lacks the deliberate scrutiny of how learning occurs in the firm and where the sources of knowledge and learning come from. Secondly, I attempt to elaborate the concept of proximity through a relational/organizational perspective. Thirdly, I delve into how learning takes place and is realized in the firm through communities in the firm such as communities of practice, epistemic communities and task-force teams and how such communities in the firm generate knowledge and sustain loaming by drawing on relational/organizational proximity. This paper concludes by claiming that the sources of learning exist in organizational spaces, with complex geographies mobilizing distributed knowledge and competences and combining varied forms of knowledge beyond the simple demarcation of tacit and codified knowledge.

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Generational Relationship of the Middle Aged to the Elderly Parents and Their Attitudes on Old-Age Security (중년층과 노부모의 세대관계와 중년층의 노후부양관)

  • 김두섭;박경숙;이세용
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.55-89
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    • 2000
  • 이 논문의 목적은 현재 40-50대의 중년층과 노부모 사이에 이루어지는 세대관계의 심층적 구조를 밝히고, 이 구조에 영향을 미치는 제반요인들을 설명하는데 있다. 그리고 세대관계의 유형에 따라 중년층 자신의 노후부양태도와 노후생활에 대한 대책행위가 어떻게 달라지는가를 분석하였다. 이 연구를 위해 구조화된 질문지를 활용하는 전국전인 면접조사가 이루어졌다. 이 논문은 중년층과 노부모의 세대관계를 세대간 근접성, 지원가능, 그리고 노부모 부양관 에 따라 다섯 가지 유형으로 분류하였다. 중년층의 지배적인 세대관계는 노부모와 별거하면서 지원기능을 유지하는 형태로 나타났다. 별거사항에서 이루어지는 지원관계에는 중년층의 사회 계층적 지위나 노부모와의 정서적 연대와 관련된 요인들이 중요하게 작용하는 것으로 밝혀졌다. 중년층 자신의 노후생활에 대한 부양관과 노후대책 행위는 세대관계의 유형에 따라 유의미한 차이가 존재한다. 근접성, 지원관계, 노부모 부양관 모두에서 전통적인 세대관계를 유지하는 중년층은 자신의 노후생활에 대해서도 가족의 부양을 강조하며, 독립적인 노후대책을 마련하는데 소극적이다. 반면, 노부모와 동거하고 지원기능을 유지하더라도 노부모부양관이 약한 증년층은, 자신의 노후 생활에 대하여 독립성을 강조하고, 스스로 노후대책을 마련하는데 적극적인 것으로 확인되었다.

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Intergenerational Contact of Young Married Women in Korea with Parents and with Parents-in-law (한국 기혼여성과 시부모 및 친정부모간의 접촉)

  • Kim, Cheong-Seok;Barbara A. Anderson;John H. Romani
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.189-207
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    • 2000
  • Focusing on the factors related to the amount of contact between young married women and their noncoresident parents and their noncoresident parents-in-law, the study hypothesized two scenarios. (1) filial piety scenario which predicts that the contact with one set of parents is not affected by accessibility of other set of parents, and (2) competition scenario which predicts that ease of contact with one set of parents inhibits contact with other set of parents. These scenarios were tested against the data from National Fertility and Family Health Survey in 1994. The regression analysis of intergenerational visits appeared to support the competition scenario : The parents-in-law and the parents seem to bs in competition for visits by young married women - distance from the parents from one side has a parallel relationship to more frequent visits with the other set of parents. This is a much more equal footing for both sides of the family than attention to filial piety would predict. although the level of support from the young generation may keep declining.

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Main Elements for the Global-Local Connectivity of Regional Industrial Clusters (지역산업 클러스터의 세계적-지방적 연결성을 위한 주요 요소들)

  • Park, Yong-Gyu;Jung, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.642-659
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    • 2012
  • The main aim of this article is to examine theoretical issues on the 'global-local connectivity' of regional industrial cluster and regional innovation system which have been presented since the 2000s in terms of three different aspects. Firstly, the concept of 'geographical proximity' is discussed within the context of its importance for the regional industrial development by considering relationships of cluster, local buzz and global pipeline. Secondly, concepts on knowledge gatekeeper and temporary cluster are explored with respect to their role of a mediator in forming or transforming global-local connectivity. Finally, policy implications of the global-local connection are presented. Authors arguments are as follows; firstly, in order to improve regional industrial cluster on the basis of geographical proximity, relational proximity which is beyond different spatial scales has to be secured. It means that geographical convenience and inconvenience are required simultaneously for regional industrial development. Secondly, A base of the global-local connectivity is socal capital and embeddedness. Therefore, it needs to understand that relational proximity is embedded into different culture and habit at different spatial scales. Finally, within the context of the global-local connectivity, in order to overcome spatial hierarchy by the division of labor of firms, it needs to consider the complex system which is composed of vertical and horizontal hierarchy by the spatial division of labor by firms, openness and closeness of clusters, and the scope of policies' inclusion and exclusion by central and local governments.

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The Shifting Process of R&D Spaces in Firm's Adaptation: Competences, Learning and Proximity (기업의 적용에 있어 R&D 공간의 변화: 조직적 역량, 학습 그리고 근접성)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.529-541
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    • 2002
  • This paper aims to provide a context-specific interpretation on the shifting process of in-house R&D spaces in a large Korean firm in the context of rapidly changing markets and technology. Drawing on the case study of LG Electronics Company, one of the Korea's flagship companies, I examine the causes and mechanisms leading to a shift in domestic R&D spaces and the nature of learning processes between R&D teams and between R&D and other organizational units, particularly manufacturing. It appears that the current reshaping processes of domestic R&D spaces in LGE focus more on the clustering of core R&D laboratories than the geographical integration of conception and execution. However, it should not simply be viewed that such a move would be reduced to the linear model of innovation and organizational learning. Instead, it involves the firm-specific mode of regulating organizational competences. As contextual variables to induce such a firm-specific mode of organizational change, I consider the spatial form of organization, the spatial sources of knowledge and learning, and the powers of relational learning that can be made between distanciated actors and teams.

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Proximity relational model by refinement of multi-threshold (다중임계치의 세분화방법에 의한 근접관계모델)

  • Ryu, Gyeong-Hyeon;Jeong, Hwan-Muk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.141-144
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    • 2007
  • 일반적으로 의사결정의 대상이 되는 현실 시스템은 매우 가변적 (variable)이며 때로는 많은 불확실성(uncertainty)이 포함된 상황에 놓일 수 있다. 이러한 문제의 처리를 위한 통계적 방법으로 유의수준이나 확신도, 민감도 분석 등이 사용된다. 본 논문에서는 먼저 근접관계 행렬에서 근접도를 구하는 방법으로 상대적 해밍거리와 max-min방법을 이용한 다음, 다중임계치를 사용하여 최적구간분할을 하는 방법을 제안한다. 결과적으로 max-min방법을 이용하여 다중임계치을 적용한 근접관계의 분류가 상대적 해밍거리로 근접도를 구하여 다중임계치를 구하는 방법보다 계산과정이 더 간단하고 명확하며 분할과정을 줄일 수 있고 최적의 의사결정에 효율적이라는 것을 알 수 있다.

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Combining direction and distance ioperations for querying incrementally close objects (공간 데이터베이스에서 방향과 거리 관계가 혼합된 질의어로부터 점진적으로 가까운 객체 추출에 대한 연구)

  • 권준희;윤종필
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.317-319
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    • 1999
  • 공간 데이터베이스에서 공간 데이터간의 근접성을 알아보아야 할 필요가 많이 발생한다. 이를 위해, 본 연구에서는 방향 관계와 거리 관계가 혼합된 형태의 질의에서 공간적으로 가까운 객체를 순서적으로 추출해내는 방법을 제안한다. 점진적 거리 조인 알고리즘을 근간으로 섹터 기반 모델을 적용하여 객체들을 순서적으로 추출할 수 있도록 한다. 섹터의 분류와 섹터들간 정렬 순서에 따라 추출된 값을 필요에 따라 제한조건의 조절이 가능하다는 장점이 있다. 또한, 점진적 거리조인 알고리즘에 있어서의 데이터 크기에 따른 성능 저하 문제도 어느 정도 해결할 수 있음을 기술하고 있다.

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Classification of Proximity Relational Using Multiple Fuzzy Alpha Cut(MFAC) (MFAC를 사용한 근접관계의 분류)

  • Ryu, Kyung-Hyun;Chung, Hwan-Mook
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2008
  • Generally, real system that is the object of decision-making is very variable and sometimes it lies situations with uncertainty. To solve these problem, it has used statistical methods as significance level, certainty factor, sensitivity analysis and so on. In this paper, we propose a method for fuzzy decision-making based on MFAC(Multiple Fuzzy Alpha Cut) to improve the definiteness of classification results with similarity evaluation. In the proposed method, MFAC is used for extracting multiple a ${\alpha}$-level with proximity degree at proximity relation between relative Hamming distance and max-min method and for minimizing the number of data which are associated with the partition intervals extracted by MFAC. To determine final alternative of decision-making, we compute the weighted value between extracted data by MFAC From the experimental results, we can see the fact that the proposed method is simpler and more definite than classification performance of the conventional methods and determines an alternative efficiently for decision-maker by testing significance of sample data through statistical method.

Organisational Change, Learning and the Usage of Space: the Case of Samsung Electronics Company (기업의 조직변화와 학습의 공간성: 삼성전자의 사례)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.396-411
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    • 2002
  • This paper aims to explore organisational change and learning involving spatial processes and outcomes. In particular, it focuses on the context specific nature of corporate learning and organisational change that can be found in the case of a large Korean firm facing radical economic change. Drawing on the case study of a large Korean firm, the Samsung Electronics Company, three main claims can be followed. First, territorial sources of learning influence the way in which the firm makes use of space/place. Second, corporate learning practices, however, are not based merely on specific localised sources or geographical proximity but on bringing together the local and the global sources by harnessing the properties of relational proximities. It reveals that firms are concerned less on specialising specific local knowledge than promoting organisational knowledge and competences by integrating a variety of knowledge distributed in and out of the boundaries of the firm. Finally, to learn and innovate in a continual basis, firms would attempt to combine codified knowledge with tacit knowledge.

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Investigating a Theoretical Background of the Consumption of Korean TV Programs in China: Focused on Globalism, Proximity, and Modernity (중국내 한국 TV 프로그램 소비에 대한 이론적 배경 연구: 국제성, 근접성, 현대성을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Sojung;He, Qijun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.675-690
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    • 2016
  • The current study attempts to empirically identify a theoretical background that effectively explains Korean pop-culture consumption in the Asian Pacific region; particularly, in China. Specifically, this study investigates how globalism, proximity, and modernity, which have been suggested in literature as key theoretical backgrounds for the Korean wave, influence China's motivation to consume the Korean wave and its subsequent consumption of Korean TV programs (e.g., dramas, variety shows, etc.). The findings suggest that the motivation to consume the Korean wave is positively related to globalism and proximity. Modernity, however, is found to have a negative influence on the motivation to consume the Korean wave. That is, the more one holds international values, the more one perceives Korea as similar to China, and the more one holds traditional values, the more motivation one shows to consume the Korean wave. The study also finds that the motivation to consume the Korean wave has a significant impact on the consumption of Korean TV programs. In the revised model, the study suggests that proximity, followed by globalism, has the strongest positive relationship with motivation. Such a finding suggests that a proximity approach could serve as a better theoretical perspective to explain the phenomenon of the Korean wave in China. Regarding the relationships of the demographic/socio-economic variables and the motivation to consume the Korean wave, females, rather than males, the higher the family income one gains, and the lower education level one has had, the more motivation one will show to consume the Korean wave.