• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공적이전

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Relations between Older People's Transfer incomes and Life Satisfaction (노인의 이전소득과 삶의 만족도 관계)

  • Lee, Hyoung Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.238-241
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 한국복지패널 제11차 데이터를 활용하여 노인의 삶의 만족도와 이전소득(공적이전, 사적이전 소득)의 관계를 규명하고자 시도되었다. 분석결과, 일반가구 노인의 경우 공적이전 소득이 삶의 만족도에 유의미한 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 반면, 저소득가구 노인의 경우 사적이전 소득이 삶의 만족도에 유의미한 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 이러한 결과는 일반가구 노인의 경우 공적이전 소득이 1,019.2만원(월평균 84.9만원)으로 공적이전 소득이 소득안정화 효과로 나타나 삶의 만족도를 높이는 것으로 예측할 수 있다. 그러나 저소득가구 노인의 경우 일반가구 노인의 공적이전 소득의 절반 수준인 508.5만원(월평균 42.4만원)으로 나타났다. 이는 저소득가구 노인의 경우 비록 "마음이 편하지 않는" 소득원천인 사적이전 소득이 불안정한 소득안정화 부족분을 채워주어 삶의 만족도를 높이는 것으로 추정할 수 있다.

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Analysis of Inequality of Public Transfer Income by Income Level (소득계층별 공적이전소득의 불평등 변화분석)

  • Lee, Yong-jae;Kim, Yong-mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2018
  • This study was carried out by using the concentration index calculation method from 1996 to 2016 by using the household trend survey data to confirm the difference of income transfer income and inequality in public transfer income. The main results are as follows. First, the public transfer income concentration index in 1996 was concentrated on the high income group with +0.2774, but since 2009, the concentration index has been negative (-), which has concentrated on the low income group. However, the effect of redistribution of income was small. Second, the average public transfer income of low - income households increased significantly while the number of high income earners decreased. It is gradually improving that public transfer income did not play a role in the improvement of income inequality. Third, public transfer income has been continuously increasing in all income classes, and the rate of increase is low in the low income class and slow in the high income class, so the public transfer income of the low income class is higher than that of the high income class. In sum, the inequality of public transfer income by income class in Korea is gradually improving, but it is not considered to be a level that can improve the inequality between income groups.

A Study on the Relationship between Public Income Transfers and Private Income Transfers in Korea (공적 소득이전과 사적 소득이전의 관계)

  • Shon, Byong-don
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.39
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    • pp.343-364
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    • 2008
  • Using data from Korea Welfare Panal Study(KWPS), this study examines the relationship between public income transfers and private income transfers in Korea. This research is analyzed by the procedure of OLS regression analysis. The results are as follows. First, the paper shows that public income transfers crowded out the private income transfers. Specially public assistance crowed out the private income transfers. The amount of public income transfers has negative correlation with the amount of private income transfers. The amount of public assistance income has negative correlation with the amount of private income transfers. But social insurance transfers do not have influence on the private income transfer. Second, the private income transfers in Korea are altruistically motivated.

An Analysis on the Anti-poverty Effectiveness of Public and Private Income Transfers; After the Enactment of National Basic Livelihood Security Act (공적 이전과 사적 이전의 빈곤 감소 효과 분석 : 기초생활보장제도 도입 이후를 중심으로)

  • Hong, Kyung-Zoon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.50
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    • pp.61-85
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    • 2002
  • Using the 2001 Family Income and Expenditure Survey micro-data, this study analyses the anti-poverty effectiveness of public and private income transfers. In this study, the anti-poverty effectiveness of income transfers is summarized in two ways; 1) the poverty reduction effect of the income transfers, and 2) the poverty reduction efficiency of the income transfers. The poverty reduction effects are measured with several poverty indices including the head-count ratio, poverty gap, and Sen index. Using Beckerman's model, this study also analyses the poverty reduction efficiency of income transfers. This analysis documents substantial differences in the anti-poverty effectiveness of public and private income transfers. Although the private income transfers contribute more to reduce the head-count poverty ratio and Sen index than public income transfers, their differences are significantly reduced after the enactment of National Basic Livelihood Security Act. The results also reveal that the anti-poverty effectiveness of public and private income transfers vary by the types of families. In families headed by elderly and working aged, private income transfers have more anti-poverty effectiveness. But, public income transfers contribute more to reduce poverty than private income transfers among families headed by single adults with children. The results of this study suggest that recent changes in anti-poverty policies in Korea have been strengthened the Government's responsibility. And more importantly, to effectively reduce poverty among the poor families, anti-poverty polices must be designed to consider different family types.

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Changing Trends of Income Packaging and Income Distribution : 1996-2002 (도시 근로자가구의 소득원 구성과 분배구조의 변화 : 1996-2002)

  • Kim, Kyo-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.55
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    • pp.181-204
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to offer a comprehensive analysis of the changing trends of the Korean income packaging, poverty rate, and level of income inequality from 1996 to 2002. In order to do that, this study used the micro-data of "Income and Expenditure Survey of Urban Households" by the National Statistical Office(NSO). Major results were as follows: (1) A ratio of public transfer in family income packaging increased at the DJ administration. (2) Poverty rate and Gini coefficient, which were 7.8% and 0.29 in 1996, rose to $8.8{\sim}10.4%$ and $0.30{\sim}0.34$ respectively during the year of 1998-2002. (3) However, poverty reduction effect and income inequality reduction effect of public income transfer increased preferably at the DJ administration. Those effects increased more since the enactment of National Basic Livelihood Security in 2000. Therefore, government should provide more national welfare programs to reduce the poverty rate and to improve better structure of income distribution.

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Effects of the Elderly private transfer Income and public transfer Income on life satisfaction and Self Esteem (노인의 공적, 사적이전소득이 삶의 만족도, 자존감에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Kyeong-Hye;Lee, Sang-Houck
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.3787-3796
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is public and Private transfers in the elderly life satisfaction, self-esteem any influence to understand. Analysis of the frequency analysis, T-test, ANOVA, regression analysis was performed. Study the following points were discussed. First, the elderly public transfer and Private transfers in accordance with life satisfaction, self-esteem was significant. Second, private transfers from children in public transfer income subsidies and the more life satisfaction and self-esteem, respectively. Third, the private sector of private transfers. Individual grants fewer higher self-esteem. Based on these results, the following suggestions were Economic independence of the elderly a chance to increase the self-esteem that was found. Therefore, a more practical and should be supported by specific public transfer system.

Private Income Transfers and Old-Age Income Security (사적소득이전과 노후소득보장)

  • Kim, Hisam
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.71-130
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    • 2008
  • Using data from the Korean Labor & Income Panel Study (KLIPS), this study investigates private income transfers in Korea, where adult children have undertaken the most responsibility of supporting their elderly parents without well-established social safety net for the elderly. According to the KLIPS data, three out of five households provided some type of support for their aged parents and two out of five households of the elderly received financial support from their adult children on a regular base. However, the private income transfers in Korea are not enough to alleviate the impact of the fall in the earned income of those who retired and are approaching an age of needing financial assistance from external source. The monthly income of those at least the age of 75, even with the earning of their spouses, is below the staggering amount of 450,000 won, which indicates that the elderly in Korea are at high risk of poverty. In order to analyze microeconomic factors affecting the private income transfers to the elderly parents, the following three samples extracted from the KLIPS data are used: a sample of respondents of age 50 or older with detailed information on their financial status; a five-year household panel sample in which their unobserved family-specific and time-invariant characteristics can be controlled by the fixed-effects model; and a sample of the younger split-off household in which characteristics of both the elderly household and their adult children household can be controlled simultaneously. The results of estimating private income transfer models using these samples can be summarized as follows. First, the dominant motive lies on the children-to-parent altruistic relationship. Additionally, another is based on exchange motive, which is paid to the elderly parents who take care of their grandchildren. Second, the amount of private income transfers has negative correlation with the income of the elderly parents, while being positively correlated with the income of the adult children. However, its income elasticity is not that high. Third, the amount of private income transfers shows a pattern of reaching the highest level when the elderly parents are in the age of 75 years old, following a decreasing pattern thereafter. Fourth, public assistance, such as the National Basic Livelihood Security benefit, appears to crowd out private transfers. Private transfers have fared better than public transfers in alleviating elderly poverty, but the role of public transfers has been increasing rapidly since the welfare expansion after the financial crisis in the late 1990s, so that one of four elderly people depends on public transfers as their main income source in 2003. As of the same year, however, there existed and occupied 12% of the elderly households those who seemed eligible for the National Basic Livelihood benefit but did not receive any public assistance. To remove elderly poverty, government may need to improve welfare delivery system as well as to increase welfare budget for the poor. In the face of persistent elderly poverty and increasing demand for public support for the elderly, which will lead to increasing government debt, welfare policy needs targeting toward the neediest rather than expanding universal benefits that have less effect of income redistribution and heavier cost. Identifying every disadvantaged elderly in dire need for economic support and providing them with the basic livelihood security would be the most important and imminent responsibility that we all should assume to prepare for the growing aged population, and this also should accompany measures to utilize the elderly workforce with enough capability and strong will to work.

경영자매집(經營者買集)에 관한 정보효과분석(情報效果分析)

  • Min, Seong-Gi
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Management
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.181-197
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    • 1993
  • 본 연구는 경영자매집(經營者買集)에 관한 정보효과(情報效果)에 대하여 분석하였다. 여러 연구들이 경영자 매집의 경우에 주주들의 이득(利得)에 관하여 설명을 제공하였지만, 주주들의 이득을 설명하는 정보효과를 사적(私的) 정보와 공적(公的) 정보로 구분하지는 않았다. 본 연구는 이 점에 착안하여 사적(私的) 정보와 공적(公的) 정보의 시장(市場)에서의 영향을 평가하고자 하였다. 연구결과는 사전에 기업인수의 피대상(被對象)이었던 경영자매집 대상회사들의 초과수익률이 기업인수의 대상이 아니었던 기업들의 초과수익률보다 적음을 보여주고 있다. 이러한 결과는 기업인수의 대상이 아니었던 경영자매집의 경우에는 경영자매집발표시에 공적(公的) 및 사적(私的) 정보가 모두 노출되기 때문에 이미 기업인수의 대상이 되었던 기업들에 비해서 정보효과가 클 수 있다고 하는 정보가설과 일치하는 것이다. 이미 기업인수의 대상이 되었던 기업들의 경우에는 경영자매집 이전의 기업인수 발표시에 이미 공적(公的)정보가 노출되었기 때문으로 보인다. 또한 본 연구는 기업인수의 대상이었던 경우의 두번의 발표, 즉 사전의 기업인수발표와 후(後)의 경영자매집발표의 초과수익률의 합계와 근사치를 보여주고 있어서 정보가설(情報假說)을 뒷받침하여 주고 있다.

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Economic Crisis and Intergenerational Economy: Lessons from Korea's 1997~98 Economic Crisis (경제위기와 세대 간 경제: 1997~98년 경제위기의 교훈)

  • An, Chong-Bum;Lee, Sang-Hyop;Hwang, Namhui
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.27-49
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    • 2010
  • This paper provides insight into some important features of the intergenerational resource allocation in Korea, before and after the financial crisis in 1997-98. Data sets of three periods before and after the financial crisis (1996, 2000, and 2005) were used to compare the results. This research particularly addresses two related issues: i) the generational effects of economic crisis, and ii) the capacity of age reallocation systems to spread economic risks across generations. The results show tremendous consumption smoothing and resource reallocation by age, during and after the financial crisis. Private education and private health consumption decreased for children between 1996 and 2000. However, the decrease in private education and private health consumption was mitigated by the increase in public consumption. It appears that the public sector did not only mitigate the adverse impact of the economic crisis on consumption, but it also reduced the widening disparity amongst generations. Within transfers, the public transfers for the elderly increased substantially as the private transfers decreased rapidly. Finally, there was a big increase in the asset-based reallocation of the elderly. The increase in asset-based reallocation was mainly due to an increase in asset income between 1996 and 2000, but it was almost entirely due to a decrease in saving (i.e. an increase in dissaving) between 2000 and 2005. This suggests that Korean elderly seemed to have some degree of supporting system during the crisis, even without sufficient pension benefits. The increased reliance on asset accumulation will be critical in the long-run in Korea, as public pension funds diminish due to population aging.

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