• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공시체

Search Result 761, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Effect of Gravel Size on Shear Behavior of Sand with Dispersed Gravels (모래 지반 내에 포함된 자갈의 크기가 전단거동에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sung-Sik;Kim, Young-Su
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.31 no.1C
    • /
    • pp.39-51
    • /
    • 2011
  • A large number of small particles may surround large gravels which are non-contact and dispersed within the ground. The strength of such soil may be influenced by the mechanical properties of a few coarse gravels. A specimen or gravel size can impact the shear characteristics of sand with dispersed gravels. In this study, the size of gravel and specimen varies and its effect on shear characteristics of a granular soil was evaluated. Five sizes of gravels with 7, 12, 15, 18, and 22 mm were used repeatedly and inserted in the middle of each compacted layer. A specimen consists of five or ten equal layers depending on gravel size, which is 5 cm or 10 cm in diameter and 10 cm or 20 cm in height. An embedded gravel ratio by weight is 3% and constant for all cases with gravel. After consolidation, a series of undrained triaxial compression tests under three confining pressures was performed on sand with dispersed gravels. The maximum deviator stress of a specimen with 10 cm in diameter was at average 30% higher than that with 5 cm in diameter and increased up to 90% for a specimen with gravel. When a gravel size of 7 and 12 mm used, the maximum deviator stress of a specimen with 10 cm in diameter was higher than that of one without gravel, whereas the maximum deviator stress of a specimen with 5 cm was higher or lower than that without gravel. The gravel size and specimen diameter influenced the undrained behavior of sand. The maximum deviator stress of a specimen with gravel either increased or decreased compared to that without gravel, depending on the ratio of gravel size to specimen diameter, 1/5.

Axial Behavior of Concrete Cylinders Confined with FRP Wires (FRP 와이어 보강 콘크리트 공시체의 압축거동)

  • Cho, Baiksoon;Lee, Jong-Han;Choi, Eunsoo
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.33 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1765-1775
    • /
    • 2013
  • The application of FRP wire as a mean of improving strength and ductility capacity of concrete cylinders under axial compressive load through confinement is investigated experimentally in this study. An experimental investigation involves axial compressive test of three confining amounts of FRP wire and three concrete compressive strengths. The effectiveness of FRP wire confinement on the concrete microstructure were examined by evaluating the internal concrete damage using axial, circumferential, and volumetric strains. The axial stress-strain relations of FRP wire confined concrete showed bilinear behavior with transition region. It showed strain-hardening behavior in the post-cracking region. The load carrying capacity was linearly increased with increasing of the amount of FRP wire. The ultimate strength of the 35 MPa specimen confined with 3 layer of FRP wire was increased by 286% compared to control one. When the concrete were effectively confined with FRP wire, horizontal cracks were formed by shearing. It was developed from sudden expansion of the concrete due to confinement ruptures at one side while the FRP wire was still working in hindering expansion of concrete at the other side of the crack. The FRP wire failure strains obtained from FRP wire confined concrete tests were 55~90%, average 69.5%, of the FRP wire ultimate uniaxial tensile strain. It was as high as any other FRP confined method. The magnitude of FRP wire failure strain was related to the FRP wire effectiveness.

Durability of High Performance Polymer Concrete Composites (Focusing on Chemical Resistance and Hot Water Resistance) (고성능 폴리머 콘크리트 복합재료의 내구성(내약품성 및 내열성을 중심으로))

  • Hwang, Eui-Hwan;Kim, Yong-Yeon;Song, Min-Kyu
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.28 no.3
    • /
    • pp.360-368
    • /
    • 2017
  • In order to investigate the durability of high performance polymer concrete composites, polymer concrete specimens were prepared using the ortho-type unsaturated polyester resin (UPR) and iso-type UPR as a polymer binder and the calcium carbonate and silica fine powder as a filler. The durability of polymer concrete specimens was measured by hot water resistance, chemical resistance, pore analysis and SEM observation. The compressive strength of the specimen using the iso-type UPR was higher than that of using the ortho-type UPR, and the compressive strength of the specimen using the silica fine powder was higher than that of using the calcium carbonate filler. From hot water resistance results, it was found that the specimen using the iso-type UPR was superior to that of using the ortho-type UPR and the specimen using the calcium carbonate filler was superior to that of using the silica fine powder. The compressive strength reduction rate was measured after the chemical resistance test and the sodium hydroxide solution showed the highest reduction rate, followed by sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and calcium chloride solutions. When using the alkaline solution of sodium hydroxide, the weight reduction rate of the specimen using calcium carbonate was lower than that of using silica fine powder, while for the acidic solutions of sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, the weight reduction rate of the specimen using the silica fine powder was lower than that of using calcium carbonate.

Density Variation within Specimen as Affected by Vibration (진동으로 인한 모래 공시체내의 밀도변화에 관한 연구)

  • 장병욱
    • Geotechnical Engineering
    • /
    • v.3 no.3
    • /
    • pp.7-20
    • /
    • 1987
  • To obtain meaningful data of the tests for cyclic loading triaxial test, cyclic loading simple shear test ; and Shake table studies, it is necessary to test uniformly densified specimens. However, there is still some question about the assumed uniform density within a specimen when subjected to the process of densification. A study is conducted to investigate the density variation It within the specimen and analyze the effect of various parameters during the process of vibratory densification. It is found that variation of the ideally graded sand having a homogeneous initial density results in large inhomogeneities within the specimen after vibration. The degree of density variation within the speimen becomes more pronounced by the gradation of sand, surcharge and the intensity of acceleration.

  • PDF

Laboratory Study on the Electrical Resistivity Characteristics with Contents of Clay Minerals (점토광물의 함유량에 따른 전기비저항 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Park Mi-Kyung
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.218-223
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study considers to electrical resistivity characteristics for clay minerals types and contents in fractured and fault zone. The electrical resistivity is measured for an artificial agar specimen with clay minerals instead of a natural rock. The artificial agar specimen with clay minerals was special worked in study. The clay minerals used are Kaolinite and Montmorillonite in test, the clay mineral contents increases until $0\~40\%$ to the same specimen. As results, the electrical resistivity of the specimen decreased gradually as the clay mineral contents increases for all types of clay minerals. Montmorillonite shows remarkably lower resistivity than Kaolinite, although its clay content is fewer than that of Kaolinite. Also, a proposed experimental expression shows a good correlation coefficient as high as 0.89 or more in all clay minerals.

Investigation on Failure Behavior of Varying Ratios of Recycled Aggregate (순환골재 치환률에 따른 압축강도 비교분석)

  • Jang, Hoon;Chung, Wonseok;An, Zu-Og
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.160-160
    • /
    • 2011
  • 현대의 건설기술은 자원절약과 환경보전이라는 시대적 흐름 속에, 자원순환과 지속 가능한 친환경 건설기술 개발은 차세대 연구분야로써, 연구가 시급한 분야가 되었다. 최근에는 골재 수급불균형 문제를 해결하고 동시에 자원순환을 위한 방안으로서 건설폐기물로부터 생산된 순환골재를 콘크리트용 천연골재의 대체재로 활용하기 위한 연구개발이 이루어지고 있다. 지속가능형 건설기술을 국내 독자 기술로 확립하고 건설현장에서 발생하는 폐기물의 순환시스템을 확고하게 구축하여 순환자원에 의한 국가경쟁력 강화를 기대할 수 있다. 본 연구의 목적은 순환골재 콘크리트의 역학적 특성을 개선하기 위해 순환골재 콘크리트 공시체를 제작하여 강도 및 강성을 검증하는 것이다. 실험방법으로 순환굵은골재의 치환 비율을 0%에서 100%까지 변화시킨 공시체를 제작하고 각 공시체의 정적 극한강도 거동을 비교 분석하였다. 하중은 공시체가 파괴가 발생 할 때까지 변위제어 방식으로 재하 하였으며 이 때 공시체의 파괴거동은 설치된 계측센서들을 이용하여 계측 및 분석하였다. 실험결과 공시체의 압축강도는 순환굵은골재 치환률이 25% 미만일 경우 일반 콘크리트 압축강도의 95% 이상의 구조성능을 갖지만, 순환굵은골재 치환률이 100%인 경우, 일반콘크리트 압축강도의 85% 수준의 구조성능을 나타냈다. 강성은 FRP 부재의 순환골재 치환률에 따라 최대 14%의 강성차이를 보였다. 이를 통해 순환골재 치환률이 높을수록 순환골재 표면의 폐모르타르와 이물질의 영향으로 재료간의 부착강도가 감소되어 강도와 강성이 저하되었음을 확인하였다.

  • PDF

Characteristics of Specimens Made from Primary Clay and Red Hwangto with MSWI Fly Ash by Sintering Process (Sintering process에 의한 MSWI fly ash를 혼합한 일차점토(一次粘土)와 적황토(赤黃土) 공시체(公試體)의 특성(特性))

  • Yoo, Seung-Chol;Kwon, Moon-Sun;Park, Sang-Min
    • Resources Recycling
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.10-18
    • /
    • 2010
  • This research investigates the feasibility of ceramic specimens made from Primary clay and Red Hwangto with MSWI fly ash. Specimens preduced by mix-design maximum 20 wt% MSWI fly ash were analysed by SEM, UTM, ICP, etc. As a result of measurement,$P_{10}$ specimen was improved on bending strength and $R_5$ specimen was improved on compressive and bending strength. Also amount of extracted heavy metal was suitable for regulatory limits. This indicates that MSWI fly ash is indeed suitable for the partial replacement of ceramic materials in bricks.

Effect of Specimen Size on Undrained and Drained Shear Characteristics of Granular Soils (공시체의 직경이 사질토의 비배수 및 배수 전단거동에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sung-Sik;Choi, Sun-Gyu;Kim, Dong-Rak
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
    • /
    • v.28 no.3
    • /
    • pp.15-23
    • /
    • 2012
  • An internal friction angle, which is one of strength parameters of granular soils, can be obtained from direct shear tests or triaxial tests. The result of traixial tests can be influenced by various experimental conditions such as confining pressure, shearing rate, specimen diameter and height, and end constraint. In this study, undrained and drained shearing behaviors of Nakdong River sand were investigated for loose (Dr = 40%) and dense (Dr = 80%) specimens with 5, 7, and 10 cm in diameter. Friction angles such as undrained total stress friction angle, undrained effective stress friction angle, and drained friction angle obtained from Mohr's stress circle slightly increased and then decreased as a diameter of a specimen increased from 5, 7 to 10 cm, regardless of relative densities. The difference between friction angles caused by different specimen size was at maximum 4.5 degrees for undrained total stress friction angle of dense specimen. In most cases, there was little difference between friction angles of large and small specimens, which was less than 2 degrees. The difference between an effective friction angle from undrained tests and a drained friction angle from drained tests was at maximum 7 degrees for loose samples but negligible for dense samples.

Effect of Different Curing Methods on the Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cemented Sand (양생방법에 따른 고결모래의 일축압축강도 특성)

  • Park, Sung-Sik;Kim, Ki-Young;Choi, Hyun-Seok;Kim, Chang-Woo
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.29 no.5C
    • /
    • pp.207-215
    • /
    • 2009
  • Cemented soils or concrete are usually cured under moisture conditions and their strength increases with curing time. An insufficient supply of water to cemented soils can contribute to hydration process during curing, which results in the variation of bonding strength of cemented soils. In this study, by the consideration of in situ water supply conditions, cemented sand with cement ratio less than 20% is prepared by air dry, wrapped, moisture, and underwater conditions. A series of unconfined compression tests are carried out to evaluate the effect of curing conditions on the strength of cemented soils. The strength of air dry curing specimen is higher than those of moisture and wrapped cured specimens when cement ratio is less than 10%, whereas it is lower when cement ratio is greater than 10%. Regardless of cement ratio, air dry cured specimens are stronger than underwater cured specimens. A strength increase ratio with cement ratio is calculated based on the strength of 4% cemented specimen. The strength increase ratio of air dry cured specimen is lowest and that of wrapped, moisture, and underwater cured ones increased by square. Strength of air dry cured specimen drops to maximum 30% after wetting when cement ratio is low. However, regardless of cement ratio, strength of moisture and wrapped specimens drops to an average 10% after wetting. The results of this study can predict the strength variation of cemented sand depending on water supply conditions and wetting in the field, which can guarantee the safety of geotechnical structures such as dam.

  • PDF