• Title, Summary, Keyword: 경험주의

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John McDowell's Empiricistic Naturalism (맥도웰의 경험주의적 자연주의)

  • Kim, Yong-eun
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.143
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    • pp.67-86
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this paper is to critically investigate John McDowell's naturalism, and propose an alternative direction of inquiry in order for his naturalism to have a more explanatory cogency. McDowell's main project is to settle a philosophical anxiety that has made traditional philosophy waver between mind and world. If one stands on the world side, he would appeal to "the unintelligible given," and on the other hand, if one stands on the mind side, he would fall into anarchistic relativism. In order to relieve the traditional philosophical anxiety, what McDowell has in mind is to reintroduce an empiricistic intuition into a pragmatic conceptual setting. Although McDowell is successful in that it could avoid methodological difficulties with which traditional philosophy has faced, his discussion seems to give rise to a charge of "the Myth of the Given," presenting perceptual judgement as a model of judgement. I propose that McDowell has yet to account for the relation between perceptual and abstract judgements in a more cogent way, which has been far better explained by the experientialist account of the nature and the structure of the embodied experience.

The Effect of Socially-Prescribed Perfectionism to Depression: Focusing on Mediating effect of Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness and Experiential Avoidance (사회부과적 완벽주의가 우울에 미치는 영향: 정서표현 양가성과 경험회피의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Yeram;Song, Wonyoung
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.10
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    • pp.150-160
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to test the effect of socially-perfectionism on depression by mediating ambivalence over emotional expressiveness and experiential avoidance. For this purpose, 201 participants across the country conducted the survey, a measure of MPS, AEQ-K, AAQ-II, CES-D. The descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, path coefficient were conducted using SPSS 23.0. The indirect effect was examined using bootstrap in PROCESS Macro. The results of the study are as follows. First, all the variables had meaningful positive correlations. Secondly, When socially-perfectionism affects depression, ambivalence over emotional expressiveness, and experiential avoidance were mediated. As a result, the implications and limitations of the study were discussed.

An Analysis of Consumers' Socio-Cultural Experiences Expressed in Consumption Stories : An Experimental Application of a Narrative Analysis (소비생활 이야기에 반영된 소비자의 사회문화적 경험 분석: Narrative 분석의 실험적 적용)

  • Kim, Kee-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.61-84
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the context of cosumers' lives in Korea with a narrative analysis method. The epistemological orientation of eh narrative analysis is Interpretivism, which blends the two polar philosophical perspectives, Empiricism and Rationalism, and includes Narrotology, Hermeneneutics, Semiotics, and Structural Criticism. Narrative analysis takes as its object of investigation the story itself. This study collects eleven narrative plots from four housewives, into which Labov's structural approach is applied. This study shows clearly that the socio-cultural environment in which consumers live has strong influence on their consumption behavior and also reveals that narrativization tells not only about past actions but how individuals understand those actions, that is, meaning.

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구성주의 유아과학프로그램이 창의성 및 문제해결력에 미치는 효과

  • 김연옥;이영환
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.19-47
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구의 목적은 구성주의 유아과학프로그램을 만 5세의 유아에게 일정기간 동안 경험하게 한 다음 그러한 경험이 유아의 창의성과 문제해결력에 긍정적인 효과가 있는지 알아보고자 함이다. 이를 위해 만 5세 유아 39명을 대상으로 구성주의 유아과학프로그램이 창이성과 문제해결력에 효과가 있는지 알아 본 결과 본 구성주의 유아과학프로그램을 경험한 유아들은 일반 유아교육기관의 과학프로그램을 경험한 유아들보다 창의성, 과학적 문제해결력이 향상되었으며 성별에 따른 차이 없이 모두 창의성과 문제해결력이 향상되었다. 이상의 연구 결과를 종합해 볼 때, 구성주의 유아과학 프로그램은 유아의 창의성과 문제해결력을 신장시키기 위해 보다 적절하다고 할 수 있다.

The Breach and Distance between Language and Experience (언어와 경험: 괴리와 거리)

  • Noh, Yang-jin
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.116
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    • pp.59-78
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    • 2010
  • The main purpose of this paper is to show how the notion of the language-experience correspondence is ill-grounded, and that the notion of 'literal meaning' based on it accordingly goes nowhere. Drawing on the experientialist view, I observed that language itself is a system of signs, and thus is given meaning only by way of symbolization. According to the experientialist account, the meaning of a signifier is given by means of "symbolic mapping." in which a certain portion of experience-content is mapped onto the signifier. And since symbolic mapping is partial by nature, there must come in some breach between the signifier and the experience-content mapped onto it. The partial nature of symbolic mapping repudiates the very notion of correspondence, and accordingly the notion of literal meaning. Rather, meanings are produced by means of the varied distances between the signifier and the mapped experience. In this perspective, the inquiry into the nature and structure of meaning should become part of one into that of symbolic experience. Such an inquiry may not be expected to reach the objectivity of linguistic meaning. Instead, we may be content with the relative stability in communication, which seems to be grounded in the commonality conspicuously observed at the bodily level of human experience.

Effect of the Elderly-related Experience of College Students on Ageism (대학생들의 노인 관련 경험이 노인 차별주의에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Kyeung-Ae;Heo, Seong-Eun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.185-194
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    • 2020
  • This study conducted a survey to investigate the effect of the elderly-related experience on ageism in college students in Busan and Ulsan area. The total score of ageism was lower in the students with the experience in living with the elderly (p<.001), taking elderly-related classes (p<.01), and volunteering for the elderly. The effect of the experience in the elderly on the emotional avoidance was significant in the students with the experience in living with the elderly (p<0.001), volunteering for the elderly(p<0.01), and taking elderly-related classes (p<0.05). The effect on ageism was significant in the students with the experience in living with the elderly (p<0.001), volunteering for the elderly (p<0.01), and taking elderly-related classes (p<0.05). Therefore, taking elderly-related classes and volunteering for elderly to build social, physical, and emotional empathy will have a positive effect on the attitudes and the point of view on the elderly.

The Effect of Good and Bad Luck on Attention to Background versus Object: An Exploratory Study (행운과 불운이 배경 대 대상에 대한 주의에 미치는 효과: 탐색적 연구)

  • Lee, Byung-Kwan;Lee, Guk-Hee
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 2015
  • It is frequently found in daily life that people who experience good luck as lottery winners try to improve their background (e.g., home, car) but it has not been empirically validated why they do that. Present research attempts to explore the prediction that people who experience good luck expand the scope of attention to background and those who undergo bad luck shrink the scope of attention to adjacent objects. Findings from Experiment 1a indicate that participants who experienced good luck (won the rock-paper-scissors game) paid more attention to background and performed worse in the "find the hidden picture" (below FHP) task while those who underwent bad luck (lost the rock-paper-scissors game) paid more attention to objects, leading to better performance in the FHP task. It is also found in Experiment 1a that, if people washed their hands after experiencing good or bad luck, the opposite result occurred. Experiment 1b confirmed that the rock-paper-scissor game manipulated good and bad luck successfully and did not influence self-control. Experiment 2 shows that people who strongly believe in good luck performed poorly in FHP task while those who do not believe in good luck performed well in FHP task. Overall, three experiments support the proposed research hypotheses. Implications of the study findings for cognitive psychology and related fields including consumer and sports psychology are discussed.

Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids and Influencing Factors on Compliance with Standard Precautions among Nurses in General Hospital (종합병원 간호사의 혈액 및 체액 노출과 표준주의지침 이행도에 대한 영향 요인)

  • Park, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.563-572
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify blood and body fluids exposure, and factors influencing compliance with standard precautions among nurses. Participants consisted of 144 nurses in three general hospitals located in C province. Data were collected using a questionnaire that consisted of awareness, compliance, safety environment and attitude toward standard precautions. A total of 40.3% of participants had been injured by syringes or sharp tools that had already been used for patients within the last 1 year 1.01 times. Moreover, 22.9% of participants had been exposed to blood and body fluid of patients 1.06 times within the last 1 year. The mean score for compliance with standard precautions was lower than its awareness. There was a significant correlation between compliance and awareness and a safe environment. Multiple regression revealed an adjusted $R^2$ of 0.166 with the awareness score serving as the major predictor variable for compliance of standard precautions. Therefore, it is necessary to develop strategies to apply to systemic and continuous education regarding standard precautions and to foster a safe environment to enhance nurses' compliance with standard precautions.

Methodologies for Discovering Regional Cultural Environment in Geography and Regional Development (지역문화환경 발굴을 통한 지리연구 및 지역발전 방법론)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2005
  • Since the emerging period in !be Greek era, geography bas been defined as an empirical science in which travel and field trip bas been regarded as its major method for acquiring geographical knowledge or discovering geographical facts on the earth surface. In the contemporary geography, however, this kind of empiricism has been reduced to logical positivism which pursues rigid geographical laws, while diverse implications for empiricism (especially, that implied in the mythic imagination) have been ignored. On the other hand, recently a lot of books on trip for exploring regional cultural environments from the local to the global level have been poured out from outside of geography, and place-marketing has gained some attraction as a new method or strategy for regional development This paper is to consider diverse methodological implications of experience through geographical exploration especially hath from the standpoint of empirical geography and of humanistic geography, and the look on methodologically importance and limitations of place-marketing for regional development In conclusions, it is emphasized that those methodologies should be put together for a genuine exploration of regional cultural environment, and that place-marketing should be understood as a movement for rediscovering regional identity.

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How Different is Pragmatism from Utilitarianism? (실용주의는 공리주의인가?)

  • Ju, seon-hee
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.123
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    • pp.379-407
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    • 2012
  • The main purpose of this paper is to make a case for the availability of pragmatist ethics by showing the differences between utilitarianism and pragmatism. In this paper, drawing on Dewey's view, I show that Bentham and Mill were doomed to failure because they both regarded moral conduct not as a process but as a fixed act, the remarkable differences between their views notwithstanding. Besides, I also show that pragmatism distinguishes itself from utilitarianism by its focus on the aspect of the amendment of a conduct rather than its attainment. Pragmatist ethics works on the assumption that moral conduct arises only in conscious experience. What pragmatists mean by consciousness is not an ability just given to haman, but a function emerging from the human interaction with his environment. Therefore, morality is extended from and restricted by experience, because it is grounded in concrete experience, but not in the transcendental nor a priori realm. Since pragmatism suggests the possibility of "ethics without principles" in that it works through the way which successfully rejects the traditional absolutist ethics, while avoiding the downslide to a nihilistic form of skepticism. Thus, it may serve as a third view that overcomes a seriously divergent situation of the current ethical arguments. In other words, starting from the very nature of experience, pragmatist ethics offers a 'bottom-up' ethics, instead of a 'top-down' one. This reconstructive reading of pragmatism away from utilitarianism is expected to offer a more comprehensive account of our moral experience in the pluralistic world of diverged values.