• Title/Summary/Keyword: 경영효율성

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Adverse Selection in the Government R&D Support for Venture Business : Evidence from the Managerial Efficiency Comparison of the Recipient and Non-recipient of R&D Grants (정부의 벤처기업 R&D 지원에서의 역선택 가능성에 관한 연구 : 정부 R&D 수혜기업과 비수혜기업 간 경영효율성 비교를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Geun-hee;Kwak, Kiho
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1366-1385
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    • 2018
  • Recently, government policy focuses on R&D subsidies for venture firms in the early and medium stage. However, due to the 'asymmetric information' on those firms, a concern about the possibility of adverse selection of government policy, that is, whether the R&D subsidies are offered to the less-growth potential venture firms is on the rise. Therefore, based on the "2015 venture firm's survey" data in Korea, we compared the managerial efficiency of venture firms in manufacturing sectors by dividing them into beneficiary and non-beneficiary groups at government R&D subsidies. We found that the beneficiary groups showed lower managerial efficiency than non-beneficiary groups, even if they are superior to non-beneficiary groups in technological performance. We also observed that the phenomenon involve 'low managerial efficiency in the beneficiary groups' is more relevant in mid-high tech. manufacturing sectors. Our findings provide an exploratory empirical evidence of the concern about adverse selection in the selection of R&D subsidies beneficiary groups. Therefore, the government should consider managerial performance as the key criteria for selecting R&D subsidies beneficiary groups, rather than depending on technological performance solely. Furthermore, the government should develop other complementary policies to support financial performance of the groups. Lastly, the government should make those policies attract venture firms with potential to achieve financial performance.

A Systematic Evaluation on the Management Efficiency of General Bank (일반은행의 시스템적 경영효율성 평가)

  • Jung, Hee-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.12 no.1 s.45
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    • pp.205-217
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this paper is to measure and analyze the efficiency of management in general bank. Each bank was analyzed to find out the efficiency and classified as efficient and inefficient bank. To the inefficient bank, the inefficient part and the extent are round out, the improvement methods of efficiency are suggested, and the effects of scale of bank on management efficiency by BCC model are analyzed. And, the differences between commercial bank and local bank also are examined. Empirical main results are as follows: Frist, After 2000, both of commercial and local bank shows the continuous improvement of the management efficiency. Second, the relative efficiency of management of commercial bank is higher than local bank except 2004. Third, there are differences in variables except equity ratio and no differences appeared in the management efficiency between commercial bank and local bank. Fourth, there are no influences or negative influences by M&A and reconstruction among banks in the effect of scale to the management efficiency.

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A Study on the Evaluation of Management Performance in Electronics and Communication Companies (전자.통신업체의 경영효율성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • 정희진
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.158-164
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is concerned with evaluating management performance in electronics and communication companies using DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) DEA is a linear programming based technique for measuring the relative performance of organizational units where the Presence of multiple inputs and outputs makes comparisons difficult. In this research. input variables are raw-material costs, number of employees, and production capacity Real production, sales revenue and net earning are suggested as output variables. Management performance of most companies are increased or equal during 97 and 98 fiscal year and input & output variables show high correlation.

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우리나라 컨테이너터미널 운영사의 경영효율성 평가에 관한 연구

  • Gang, Hyeon-Gu;Ryu, Dong-Geun;Son, Bo-Ra;Seo, Yeong-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2011.06a
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    • pp.422-424
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    • 2011
  • 오늘날과 같이 급속히 변화하는 기업경영 환경에서 조직이 생존하고 번영하기 위해 기업의 경영 성과를 향상시켜야 하고 이를 위해서는 생산성 또는 효율성을 꾸준히 평가할 필요가 있다. 본 연구는 평가대상의 상대적 효율성을 측정하기 위해 개발된 DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) 방법론을 이용하여 국내 컨테이너터미널 운영사의 경영 효율성을 비교 분석함으로써 2007년부터 2009년까지의 터미널 운영사의 효율성 수준을 파악해 보았다. 연구결과 2007년부터 2009년까지 점차적으로 영업이익률이 줄어드는 현상이 나타나는데, 이것은 산출변수에는 큰 변화가 없는 반면 투입변수는 지속적으로 증가하고 있다는 것을 알 수 있다. 이것은 동 기간 사이에 컨테이너터미널 업체수는 증가하였음에도 불구하고 물동량의 증가가 미미하여, 물동량 확보를 위한 터미널 업체들간의 경쟁이 치열해졌다는 것을 알 수 있다. 이러한 경쟁은 하역요율의 단가하락 문제를 발생시켰으며, 이로 인해 업체들의 경영악화가 가속되었다는 것을 의미한다. 본 연구 결과는 물동량 변화에 따른 투입변수의 최적화를 통해 컨테이너터미널 운영사의 경영효율성을 제고하는데 기여 할 것으로 판단된다.

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우리나라 항만배후물류기업의 경영 효율성 분석에 관한 연구

  • Park, Sang-Jun;Ryu, Dong-Geun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2015.07a
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    • pp.194-196
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    • 2015
  • 우리나라 항만배후물류단지는 선진항만에 비해 활성화가 미흡하고 다양한 비즈니스모델 개발이 필요하다. DEA모형을 이용하여 우리나라 항만배후물류기업의 경영 효율성을 비교, 분석함으로써 항만배후물류기업의 효율성 수준을 파악하고, 비효율적인 항만배후물류기업의 효율성 개선방안을 제시하고자 하였다.

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은행영업점(銀行營業店)의 경영효율성(經營效率性) 평가(評價)에 관한 연구(硏究)

  • Hwang, Jin-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Studies
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.71-100
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    • 1995
  • 금융서비스 분야의 급속한 개방압력하에서 국내은행들은 영업환경의 급변으로 심각한 경영위기에 봉착함에 따라서 어느 때 보다 경쟁력 확보가 급선무가 되었다. 장기적으로는 대형화와 전문화, 전문인력 양성 둥을 통한 경쟁력 확보도 중요하겠지만 우선적으로 과학적인 경영효율성 측정을 통한 은행내부의 비효율원인을 규명하고 문제점을 개선하는 것이 중요할 것이다. 본 연구에서는 시중은행의 각 영업점 경영효율성의 측정방법간의 특성과 문제점을 찾고, 최근에 비영리기관의 경영효율성에 주로 이용되는 BEA기법을 적용하여 비효율의 원인을 규명하는데 중점을 두었다. 연구결과 은행 영업점의 규모를 지나치게 영세하게 운영함으로서 규모의 효율성을 이루지 못하였고, 주로 은행에서 경영성과측정수단으로 이용하고 있는 비율분석이나 회귀분석을 개별적으로 사용하는 것보다는 DEA기법을 병행 사용함으로서 측정상의 오류를 개선할 수 있음을 보여주었다. 또한 비율분석의 규명과 최적 생산규모점을 찾는데 DEA기법의 유용성을 제시하였다.

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Analysis of the Efficiency of the Oriental Hospital using the DEA(Based on the Number of Patients) (DEA를 이용한 한방병원의 경영효율성 분석: 환자수를 기준으로)

  • Kim, Young Sik;Lee, Woo Cheon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2016
  • This study is to analyze the efficiency of oriental hospitals using DEA. The input variables are the numbers of doctors, nurses, medical technicians, and beds. The output variables are the numbers of annual inpatients and outpatients. The statistical analysis tools used are EnPas and IBM SPSS Statistics 19. The result in efficiency analysis by establishment type showed that the national and public hospitals had the most efficiency. In the case of location, the efficiency of the oriental hospitals in Seoul was the highest but those in the Metropolitan areas had a relatively low efficiency. If the number of the beds was generally less than 50 beds, the hospitals were highly efficient, but the hospitals in the medium category of 51-100 beds were low in efficiency. The Logistic regression analysis conducted to analyze the variables that have affected the efficiency of oriental hospitals resulted that the efficiency increased by 1.045 everytime the number of nurses increased by 1.

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A Management Efficiency Analysis of Container Terminal Operators (컨테이너터미널 운영사의 경영 효율성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Hyun-Goo;Ryoo, Dong-Keun;Sohn, Bo-Ra
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.527-534
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    • 2012
  • In order to achieve sustainable growth and gain competitive advantages business performance should be monitored regularly by a company. In the port industry container terminal operators are facing growing competition. A large scale of new container terminals are constructed and the number of new container terminal operators are increasing. Container shipping lines are gaining bargaining power against terminal operators in terms of negotiating terminal usage. The competitive environments result in reduced cargo handling charges and poor financial performance of container terminal operators. It becomes very important to examine how efficiently container terminal operators are operating their terminals and how to improve their performance. This paper investigates the measurement efficiency for container terminal operators in Korea using Data envelopment analysis(DEA) of DEA-CCR and DEA-BCC Model. This paper finds out which container terminal operators are inefficient and how to improve their management efficiency.

The Relation between Management Efficiency and Financial Performance in Public Institutions

  • Jang, Ji-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2022
  • This study aims to analyze the relation between management efficiency and financial performance in public institutions. Based on 135 public institutions published in public business information system from 2017 to 2020, Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA) for estimating management efficiency was performed. This study analyzed the relationship between DEA and financial performance included ROA and ROS using multi-regression analysis. The results of this study are as follows; We find that there is significant positive relation between management efficiency and ROA. We also find this significant relation in model with ROS. This finding implies that management efficiency a factor that improve financial performance in public institutions. The results of this study can provide an important empirical evidence for evaluating the strategy of governance to improve financial performance by enhancing management efficiency.