• Title, Summary, Keyword: 경관지수

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Ecological Diagnosis on Korean Red Pine (Pinus densiflora Seibold & Zucc) Stands in Isolated Urban Forest (도시(都市) 내(內) 고립(孤立) 림지(林地)의 소나무림(林)에 대(對)한 생태학적(生態學的) 진단(診斷))

  • Cho, Hyun-Je
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.96 no.4
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    • pp.419-424
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    • 2007
  • The urban forest offer many opportunities to maintain and enhance local and regional biological diversity. Pinus densiflora stands in isolated urban forest in five areas of Seoul, Incheon, Daegu, Ulsan, and Cheongju were investigated by landscape and community ecological methods for diagnosis of current status and construction of conservation plan. Species composition of five study areas revealed regional characteristics. As the result of stand dynamics, absence of pine seedlings and saplings were observed. Cheongju, significantly, revealed highest species diversity (H'=1.86) and richness (24) among study areas, and the opposite was true for Daegu (1.35 for H', and 14 for richness). Ratio of alien species was highest in Daegu (15.8%) (F=5.05, p=0.0016). Based on landscape analysis, complexity of pine patch was higher in local city than metropolitans, but statistically not significant (p=0.133). Complexity of pine patch revealed significant positive correlation with diversity and richness, but not with percentage of aliens. Synthetically, ecological management based on community and landscape ecological information was recommended. Cautious artificial regeneration strategy was necessary to regenerate pine forest in urban area.

Development of Biotope Evaluation Indexes for Improving Bird Diversity (조류 다양성 확보를 위한 비오톱 평가지표개발)

  • Chae, Jin-Hwak;Koo, Tae-Hoe
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.113-127
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    • 2005
  • This study was aimed at developing an application method of biotope evaluation indexes to secure bird diversity on urban biotope that has high intensity of land use. The main purpose of the study was to plan the effective restoration method of sound urban biotope from the ecological aspects after evaluating the relationship between the biotope evaluation indexes. The biotope area, number of insect species, distance from adjacent road, biotope area index were surveyed on each designated site in order to analyze the evaluation indexes that influenced bird diversity in urban biotope. The analysis of the relationship between biotope evaluation. indexes showed the following results number of bird species and number of insect species > number of bird species and biotope area index > number of insect species and biotope area index, that is, the number of insect species and biotope area index had a specific effect on the bird diversity. The equation derived from the above result is 'number of bird species = 6.124 $\times$ biotope area index + 0.095 $\times$ number. of insect species - 1.197' ($R^2=0.716$, F=27.743, P<0.001). Therefore, even a small area can be helpful for promoting bird diversity in the urban area if the biotope area index and diversity of vertical landscape for insects are maintained.

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Locational Decision of the Viewpoint Using GIS and Space Syntax (공간구문론과 GIS를 이용한 조망점 위치결정)

  • Choi, Chul-Hyun;Jung, Sung-Kwan;Lee, Woo-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.53-68
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    • 2011
  • A selection of viewpoint is a first priority for landscape evaluation. However, it has been artificially carried out by a subjective method without of criterion. Therefore, this study proposed the objective and quantitative viewpoint selection methods using space syntax and GIS. For this, the study area on samduk3 residential improvement district located at Daegu city was divided into 24 sectors of visibility zone by distance and direction. After that, the preliminary viewpoints equally distributed in space were selected by axial map analysis of space syntax and viewshed-frequency analysis of GIS. According to the result of selection of the final viewpoints using the VEI(Viewpoint Evaluation Index), all the final viewpoints were placed in the National Debt Repayment Movement; VEI value of VP-2 was 112.63 in the foreground, VP-10 was 18.31 in the middleground and VP-18 was 5.55 in the background. Selected viewpoints were verified as a big changing of landscape variation and high chance of view such as the public area, the park and the high-density residential area. Thus, VEI will be used as a quantitative method of selecting viewpoints and it is expected to be able to use as the objective indicator.

Feasibility of Green Network in a Highly-dense Urbanized Area by Introducing Urban Gardens (도시정원 도입을 위한 고밀 시가화지역 내 녹지 네트워크 구축 가능성 평가)

  • Choi, Heejoon;Lee, Junga;Sohn, Heejung;Cho, Donggil;Song, Youngkeun
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.252-265
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to analyze the landscape ecological characteristics of green spaces within built up area of high density and evaluate the potential applicability of green patches, thereby introducing urban garden for generating green networks in residence areas. To this end, Yeoksam-Dong was selected as the site area since it is classified as both green initiative zone and alienated area of park service in Seoul. First, the current condition of green spaces in Yeoksam-Dong was identified by five categories: Street trees, private garden, public pocket garden, rooftop garden, and park. Then, the landscape index analysis through FRAGSTATS and connectivity assessment via multi-buffer zone analysis were carried out for analyzing the green networks and evaluating the potential value of green space. The results showed that the degree to which green areas in the site were distributed is arranged in the order of street tree, private garden, public pocket garden, park, and rooftop garden. In case of the street trees whose total core area (TCA, $1,618m^2$) is as high as the park's ($1,128m^2$). Private garden has potential for green network in built up area of high density by gardening since the shape of the patches are irregular (ED = 78.1m/ha) and the average distance among the patches is close (ENN=33.9m). Public pocket garden has also potential for gardening according to the result that it was found to be distributed evenly (LPI=5.7%, SHEI=0.9) with exposing external disturbance ($TCA=66m^2$). For the green network, 84% of all the study site is covered by small green network in 50m butter range of connected green area. The effect of green network was expected through gardening in public pocket garden (27%) and street tree (26%). Accordingly, it is encouraged to actively utilize street tree, private gardens, and rooftop gardens and to establish the urban gardens like local-based community gardens in public pocket garden where a variety of activities can be carried out near residential areas. By doing so, green networks can effectively be established in built up area with high density. The results of this study can contribute positively to fostering the creation of various types of urban gardens.

A Study on the Application of Criterion (vii) of World Heritage and Identifying Values in Criterion (vii) for Mt. Seoraksan in the Tentative List (세계유산의 등재기준(vii)의 적용 사례 분석과 잠정목록 상에 있는 한국 자연유산에의 적용 가능성 연구: 설악산을 중심으로)

  • Sung, Hyo Hyun;Kim, Jisoo;Suh, Jiwon
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2016
  • The objects of this study are to identify values of criterion(vii) and to consider a possibility of application of criterion (vii) of UNESCO World Heritage to Mt. Seoraksan Natural Reserve based on the analysis of the concept of criterion (vii) and justifications of World Heritage sites under criterion (vii). According to the analysis results of 114 Natural Heritage sites under criterion (vii) listed between 1978-2015, detailed values of the criterion and their applied cases were categorized into 10 values. Based on this category, values were drawn that could be applied to Mt. Seoraksan and support the justification of criterion (vii) in three aspects. First, the value of visuality could be applied to Mt. Seoraksan due to its abundance of Scenic Sites, which means it has been recognized as an area with natural beauty by government. Second, the value of comprehensiveness of geomorphological landscape could be applied to Mt. Seoraksan in that it shows all kinds of granite landform in a relatively limited area. Finally, the value of comprehensiveness of geomorphological landscape could be again applied due to its overall mountainous river landscape.

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Effects of Landscape Ecological Characteristics on Bird Appearance - Focused on The Nakdong River Estuary - (경관생태학적 특성이 조류출현에 미치는 영향 - 낙동강 하구를 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Bum-soo;Yeo, Unsang;Oh, Dongha;Sung, Kijune
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.287-299
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    • 2015
  • If the Nakdong River estuary is to be sustainable, land use management practices need to consider bird habitat requirements, especially given that the area serves as an important migratory bird sanctuary. In this study, bird habitats found in the Nakdong River estuary were classified into 11 different types including Phragmites australiss, mud flat, farmland, open surface in freshwater, sand bar, riparian forest, Scirpus planiculmis, waterway, construction, grasslands, and open surface in sea or brackish water. Taking into consideration the regional characteristics, habitat properties, and landscape indices, a total of 12 study sites were analyzed. Mud flat, construction, farmland, and P. australis account for 80% of the total land area. The high area ratio of construction and farmland to other types of habitat revealed a high amount of historical human activity and intervention in the area. Both patch numbers as well as patch density were high in West Nakdong River, Samrak Waterfront, Maekdo River, and Daejeo Floodgate, with these areas showing the greatest fragmentation as well. Total numbers of species and individuals had a positive correlation with the area and the number of habitat types. Findings suggest that protecting the habitat area, especially in S. planiculmis, is the most important factor for bird habitat management and that future development could result in habitat loss, having a profoundly adverse impact on bird populations. Therefore, it is important that the total area should be carefully protected by land use regulations in order to ensure that the Nakdong River estuary maintains its functional integrity as a migratory bird sanctuary.

Landscape ecological analysis of urban parks -analysis of index of patch shape and the dispersion of patches- (도시공원의 경관생태학적 분석-패취의 형태지수와 분산도 분석을 중심으로-)

  • 김명수;안동만
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.12-19
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    • 1996
  • Urban parks, as remnant patches, of two older cities and two new towns can be analyzed by a landscape ecological approach. The index of patch shape, the dispersion of patches, the mean edge length, and the mean patch size of parks of each city are ocmpared. The findings of this study are as follows : 1) The mean edge length of urban parks of older cities is longer than that of new towns : Seoul>Suwon>Bundang>Ansan. 2) The mean patch size of urban parks in Seoul is much greater than those of other cities : Seoul> Ansan>Suwon>Bundang. 3) The index of patch shape of urban parks of older cities is greater than that of new towns : Seoul>Suwon>BundangAnsan. 4) The dispersion of patches is in the order of Bundang >Ansan>Seoul>Suwon. The new towns have relatively even distributions of urban parks than older cities. Further research is required to find out the relationship between the index of patch shape and patch interior dynamics.

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A Study on the Quantifying of Rural Landscape Picture by Fractal Index (프랙탈 지수를 이용한 농촌 경관사진의 정량화 방안 연구)

  • Jeong, Ho-Hyun;Jung, Nam-Su
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2010
  • With international attention to the rural landscape, there have been landscape management and conservation efforts. Because it contains characteristics of rural area, rural landscape has been recognized as an important component of rurality. With rural amenity resources survey projects launched since 2005, rural landscape categorization and evaluation such as resource value, use value, beauty, originality, traditionality, maintenance are performed by expert questionnaire survey and 100 rural amenity resources are selected. In this study, we performed fractal analysis for developing evaluation system of the rural landscape photographs. In evaluating processes, main and surrounding landscape are separated and fractal indexes are calculated and analyzed with beauty value scoured by experts. Results show that beauty value is not significantly related with fractal index but differences of main and surrounding landscape fractal index.

The Analysis of Evergreen Tree Area Using UAV-based Vegetation Index (UAV 기반 식생지수를 활용한 상록수 분포면적 분석)

  • Lee, Geun-Sang
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2017
  • The decrease of green space according to the urbanization has caused many environmental problems as the destruction of habitat, air pollution, heat island effect. With interest growing in natural view recently, proper management of evergreen tree which is lived even the winter season has been on the rise importantly. This study analyzed the distribution area of evergreen tree using vegetation index based on unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Firstly, RGB and NIR+RG camera were loaded in fixed-wing UAV and image mosaic was achieved using GCPs based on Pix4d SW. And normalized differences vegetation index (NDVI) and soil adjusted vegetation index (SAVI) was calculated by band math function from acquired ortho mosaic image. validation points were applied to evaluate accuracy of the distribution of evergreen tree for each range value and analysis showed that kappa coefficient marked the highest as 0.822 and 0.816 respectively in "NDVI > 0.5" and "SAVI > 0.7". The area of evergreen tree in "NDVI > 0.5" and "SAVI > 0.7" was $11,824m^2$ and $15,648m^2$ respectively, that was ratio of 4.8% and 6.3% compared to total area. It was judged that UAV could supply the latest and high resolution information to vegetation works as urban environment, air pollution, climate change, and heat island effect.

Development of the stream bed restoration and application - Case of the Anyang stream - (하상복원공법개발 및 적용 - 안양천 시험구간 적용사례 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Mi;Lee, Du-Han;Lee, Sam-Hee;Choi, Jung-Kwon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.728-728
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구에서는 자연하상 복원을 위한 하상복원공법을 개발하여 시험구간에 적용하였다. 공법적용 대상 지역은 안양시역내의 안양천 일정구간으로 화창교로부터 상류방향으로 약 500m 거리에 웅덩이 수제공법이 적용되어 있으며, 그로부터 다시 상류방향으로 130m 떨어진 거리에 낮은 바닥막이 공법이 적용되어 있다. 낮은 바닥막이 공법의 경우 완만한 곡류사주의 직상류 부로서 강한 수류와 함께 빠른 유속이 형성될 경우 하상의 세굴이 예상되어 이를 방지하기 위해 저수로의 유하방향으로 완만한 호형으로 설치하였으며, 웅덩이형수제 공법은 완만한 곡류로 좌안 수충부가 형성되어 있어 물의 흐름방향과 유속을 제어하여 흐름에 의한 호안침식을 방지하기 위해 현 위치를 선정 및 적용하였다. 첫 번째, 경관모니터링 결과 낮은 바닥막이 공법과 웅덩이 수제 공법을 적용한 구간에서 대규모 홍수 이후에도 저수로 호안과 하상의 안정성이 유지되었으며, 이는 공법 설치 전 후 하상 경관의 변화가 거의 없어 수리적 안정성 유지를 하고 있다고 볼 수 있다. 또한 웅덩이 수제 공법 설치 후, 미소서식처가 형성되면서 포식자인 왜가리, 백로류를 지속적으로 관찰할 수 있어 어류서식처로서의 기능이 강화되었음을 간접적으로 확인하였다. 두 번째, 생태계 모니터링 결과 저서성 무척추동물의 경우 한국오수생물지수(KSI)는 낮은 바닥막이 공법을 적용하여 하상구조가 변화된 조사 지점 st.1의 환경상태가 "양호"에서 "최적"으로 변화하였기 때문에 공법 적용이 서식처 건강성 증진에 도움을 준 것으로 판단된다. 세 번째, 수질 모니터링 결과 용존산소의 경우 상부지점보다 하부지점이 낮게 나타나는 결과를 보여주었다. 낮은 바닥막이 공법에 의한 용존산소 상승효과보다는 다양한 서식처의 제공이라는 측면이 보다 중요한 효과를 나타낸다. 결과적으로, 공법의 실용화를 위한 적용 공법에 대한 생태계 모니터링 및 평가를 통하여 하천에서의 다양한 서식처(Habitat) 창출을 통해 수생 생물의 다양성을 증진시키고, 하천 하상공법에 대한 생태계의 조사 및 평가기법을 확보하여 연구성과를 다른 하천으로의 확대 적용 할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.

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