• Title, Summary, Keyword: 경관지수

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A Temporal Structure Analysis of Forest Landscape Patterns using Landscape Indices in the Nakdong River Basin (경관지수를 활용한 낙동강 유역 산림경관의 시계열적 패턴 분석)

  • Jung, Sung-Gwan;Oh, Jeong-Hak;Park, Kyung-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.145-156
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    • 2005
  • An artificial disturbance like forest fragmentation has affected the sustainability of forest ecosystem. Therefore, in order to manage the forest ecosystem efficiently needed to analyze quantity and quality (structural pattern) of forest simultaneously. This study analyzed the structural patterns of forest landscape to provide a basic data for evaluation and management of forest ecosystem in Nakdong River Basin during 10 years from 1980s to 1990s using landscape indices and GIS methods. Forest distribution maps and 6 landscape indices(LPI, PD, ED, MSI, CPLAND, IJI) for the analysis were reconstructed from land-cover maps constructed by Ministry of Environment and pearson correlation analysis. According to the structural analysis of forest landscape using landscape indices, the forest fragmentation of watersheds along the main stream of the Nakdong river was more severe than any other watersheds. Futhermore, the Nakong-sangju and Nakdong-miryang watersheds had unstable forest structures as well as least amount of forest quantity. Thus, these watersheds need significant amount of forest through a new forest management policy considering local environmental conditions. The connectivity between forests in local regions should be considered as well.

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The Study of Landscape Fragmentation for the Urban Landscape Planning (도시경관계획수립을 위한 경관파편화에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Sung-Gwan;Oh, Jeong-Hak;Park, Kyung-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2003
  • Many-sided approach methods are being demanded to solve environmental problems in urban areas. One of these methods will be to manage forests scattered in urban areas efficiently. This paper is to grasp the change of land use and landscape indices in Mt. Ap, Daegu, and to analyze the change of landscape structure. Mt. Ap is near Daegu Metropolitan, so under unnatural interferences of human activity persistently. The results of above analysis run as follows: First, the north of the case area is connected to forest, and keeps stable equilibrium ecologically, while the other parts of it suffer from rural exodus and side effects of urbanization which has been completed since 1980. Second, according to the area-rate change of each landscape element, a cultivated areas has been converted into urban one, especially Pinus densiflora forests and paddy fields into mixed forests and urban areas. Finally, most of plantations have been converted into deciduous forests and mixed forests in failure of adaption of plants in burned areas rather than owing to factitious interference.

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A Comparative Analysis of Forest Landscape Structures Between Famous and General Korean Forests Using Landscape Indices (경관지수를 이용한 산림청 지정 명산(名山)과 일반 산의 산림경관구조 비교분석)

  • Han, Hee;Song, Jung-Eun;Seol, A-Ra;Park, Jin-Han;Chung, Joo-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the landscape structures of the National and Provincial Forest Parks in the list of "100 Famous Forests of Korea" designated by Korea Forest Service by comparing them with those of the non-designated forests. Among the designated and the non-designated, 34 mountain forests were chosen respectively over all provinces of Korea. The spatial characteristics of forest landscapes were quantified as the landscape indices independently using FRAGSTATS and the two sets of results of analyses were compared each other. According to the results of the comparative study, the designated forests were found on the higher elevation with the higher average slope and the more complicated relief conditions rather than those of the non-designated. In terms of landscape structure, the designated forests show the larger average patch size, the lower edge density and the higher diversity of landscape components. These results indicate that the more hilly mountain forests with the more complicated spatial distribution patterns of patches are the characteristics of the designated forests. The indices of the forest landscape structure would be useful in understanding the perception of forest landscape.

An Approach to Enhance the Unfair Area in the Rural Landscape (농촌 조건불리지역의 경관개선을 위한 접근)

  • Jang, Gab-Sue;Park, In-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.60-68
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    • 2008
  • Three land-use limitations including water hazard, soil erosion and fallow potential were evaluated to define an unfair area. Landscape indices in the unfair areas, defined by evaluations before and after landscape enhancement, were computed by Fragstats v3.3 and compared in order to propose a landscape enhancement plan. The results are as follows: First, as a result of the land evaluation, 388.56ha was analyzed for the 1st class(S1), 623.25ha for the 2nd class(S2), 138.08ha(S3s: 82.47ha, S3e: 51.88ha) for the 3rd class(S3), 230.44ha(N1w: 194.91ha, N1e: 23.09ha, N1es: 13.94ha) for the 4th class(N1), and 67.91ha(N2w: 60. 89ha, N2es: 7.02ha) for the 5th class(N2). The classes under the 3rd class(including the 3rd class) were determined as an unfair area, and proposed landscape enhancement for them. Second, it was proposed that unfair areas with potential water hazards(N1 w, N2w) be restored as a wetland and buffer zone. At this point, the farmers owning these fields could be compensated using the direct payment for landscape conservation(DPLC). Areas witha relatively lower slope(S3e) or a steep slope(N1e) containing soil erodibility potential were proposed to be restored as a sod-culture-applied field and substitute vegetation or potentially natural vegetation, respectively. The unfair areas having fallow potential(S3s, N1es, N2es) were proposed to apply special use crops for the S3s fields, native plants for the N1es fields, and intended fallow for the N2es fields. Third, after landscape enhancement, theforest had higher values in the indices of NP, PLAND, LSI, IJI, and TCA, while paddy and upland had lower values in most indices except NP and LSI. The forest patches increased and were more plentiful with their restoration and had much greater possibility to join with nearby patches. With continued restoration, forest patches will have a large core area and small number of patches due to the conglomeration of patches, which positively influences the species of diversity in the forest patches.

Valuation of Han River Waterside Landscape with a Double-bound Dichotomous Choice Model and Policy Implications: Focused on the Exponential Willingness to Pay Model (이중양분선택법에 의한 한강 수변 경관의 가치 추정과 그 시사점 -지수지불의사 모형을 중심으로-)

  • Han, Taek-Whan;Hong, Yiseok;Park, Chang Sug
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.179-214
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    • 2013
  • This paper estimated the value of waterside landscape and ecosystem of Han River basin with a double-bound dichotomous choice type of CVM. We used the exponential willingness to pay model to represent the nonnegative willingness to pay. This model is found to be especially important in analyzing a double-bound dichotomous choice model. The total willingness to pay was estimated as 705.5 billion won per annum. This suggests that current budget size for water quality and ecosystem conservation for Han River needs to be expanded.

An Analysis on Landscape Ecological Pattern of the Geumho River Watershed Forest (금호강 유역 산림의 경관생태적 패턴분석)

  • Park, Kyung-Hun;Jung, Sung-Gwan;Lee, Hyun-Taek;Oh, Jeong-Hak;Kim, Kyung-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.22-34
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    • 2004
  • An artificial disturbance like fragmentation in watershed forest has impacted a sustainability of watershed ecosystem, therefore this research quantified the landscape structure in the Geumho river watershed using landscape indices and GIS. Landscape indices were calculated from the forest distributed maps for 24 subwatersheds. Three common factors, which explained about 85% of the variation in the original data, were extracted by a factor analysis. The fragmentation gradient in forest landscape, which was calculated from the factor scores, was correlated with proportion of urban land (r=0.827, p<0.01, $R^2$=0.685), elevation (r=-0.637, p<0.01) and slope gradient (r=-0.593, p<0.01). The result of the study presented that the methodology and the values of landscape indices to assess the structural patterns of forest landscape for the Geumho river watershed management. Future research will be directed towards the detection of impacts of landscape patterns and their changes on the integrity of watershed environments.

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The Analysis of Landscape Structure due to the Landcover Change - Case Study in Kyongsan City - (토지이용변화에 따른 경산시의 경관구조 분석)

  • Jeong, Seong-Gwan;Oh, Jeong-Hak;Park, Kyung-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2002
  • Landscape, the land mosaics, is combined with human and natural environment. Landuse and landcover changes are an important factor that changes structure and function of regional landscape. In this study, the changes of landcover and landscape structures are examined in Kyongsan between 1985 and 1997, using Landsat TM images and landscape indices. The results of this study are as follows; First, according to the classification of landcover, forest and agriculture areas have decreased as a result of urban expansion. Second, forest fragmentation has been brought by development; So forest healthiness has weakened. It is proved that urban expansion has happened in agriculture land. Third, a variety of landuse types around forest have changed from agriculture-oriented types to the ones mixed with urban and agriculture areas between 1985 and 1997.

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The Analysis Method of Landscape Fragmentation using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (식생지수에 의한 경관파편화의 해석기법)

  • Jeong, Jong-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.16-22
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    • 1999
  • The various spatial structure of biological habitat has tighten relationship with biodiversity. Due to increasing of population, development of agriculture and urban structure, various change of landscape has became these days. These change of landscape has raised the decrease of habitat and landscape fragmentation. This paper summarizes research to analysis vegetation index according to P/A ratio, Shape Index, and Fractal dimension using Landsat Thematic Mapper(TM). The analysis of landscape fragmentation using NDVI(Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) 0.5~1 has the most profitable for detection of vegetation fragmentation. The analysis of vegetation index of Seoul and Kyunggi province has also showed that Fractal dimension has the most fragmentation index. In near future, time series analysis is needed for fragmentation of vegetation on the same area, and for various landuse of fragmentation analysis. These researches were carried out for preservation strategy of vegetation and biodiversity.

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An Analysis of Landcover Change and Temporal Landscape Structure in the Main Ridge Area of the Baekdu Daegan Mountain System (백두대간 마루금 지역의 시계열적 토지피복 변화 및 경관구조 분석)

  • Oh, Jeong-Hak;Kim, Young-Kul;Kwon, Jino
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze contemporary changes of landcover patterns and landscape structure in order to provide basic data and methods for sustainable management and conservation in Baekdu Daegan region using GIS and landscape indices. According to the results based on the pattern analysis of landcover changes using the change detection matrix between 1975 and 2000, addition on $3.6km^2$ became urbanized areas. Otherwise, $85.7km^2$ of forest area shift into agriculture($72.2km^2$) and grass area($10.1km^2$) for the vegetables in highland condition and stock farm. According to the landscape structure analysis using landscape indices, forest areas were unstable forest structures because of fragmentation. Thus, to improve forest ecosystem, significant amount of forest through a new forest management policy considering local environmental conditions are needed. And, the connectivity of forests in local regions should be considered as well.

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