• Title, Summary, Keyword: 감각

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The Study of Sensory Processing Skills in People with Intellectual Disabilities (지적 장애인의 감각처리능력에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Byoung-Lock
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.280-288
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the sensory processing of adults with intellectual disabilities by Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile(AASP). AASP was executed for 98 adults with intellectual disabilities residing in nursing home. The score of sensory processing ability expressed the conditions of being 'Less Than Most People' and 'Much Less Than Most People' in the all sensory processing areas of Low Registration, Sensory Sensitivity, Sensory Seeking, Sensory Avoiding. There was not significant difference in the sex. The score of sensory processing ability between teenagers(11 years to 17 years) and adult(above 18 years), teenagers statistically showed lower scores in the three sensory processing areas of Low Registration, Sensory Seeking, and Sensory Sensitivity. In addition, there was significant difference in the sensory processing areas of Low Registration and Sensory Avoiding according to the disability grading. In the future research, it is suggested to examine the sensory processing within residual setting and it need a study comparing sensory processing skills according to the disability grading by increasing subjects.

The Effects of Sensory Integrative Therapy on Vestibulo-Proprioceptive Sensory Processing of Children With Asperger Syndrome (감각통합치료가 아스퍼거 아동의 전정.고유감각 처리능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Sung;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 2008
  • Objective : This study verifies the effects of sensory integrative (SI) therapy on vestibular- and proprioceptive sensory (BPS) processing ability of a child with Asperger Syndrome (AS). Method : A boy who is 11 years and 2 months old took the Functional Independence Measure for Children (Wee-FIM), Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), Short Sensory Profile, Bruininks-Oserestky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2), and Test of Playfulness (ToP) for the baseline. The child participated in 3 evaluation sessions and 8 therapy sessions based on the AB research design. Duration of each session is 50 min and the therapy session is divided into 40 minutes for treatment and 10 minutes for evaluation. Since the vestibular sense and proprioception build up one's ability of postural control, several tests were employed to evaluate the child' postural control as outcome measure; distance from front leg of chair to heel of the child with sitting (C-H distance), angle between trunk and thigh (hip joint angle) with sitting, and the 'prone-extension posture' which is a subtest of Clinical Observation of Motor and Postural Skill (COMPS) to examine postural control embodied with integration of reflex and BPS processing. Result : During the therapy, average data of the C-H distance is decreased from 27.33cm to 11.69cm, average data of the hip joint angle is also decreased from $43.3^{\circ}$ to $20^{\circ}$, and average time for the prone-extension posture is increased from 13.15seconds to 24.84seconds. Conclusion : This result indicates that the ability to postural control in sitting and to maintain the prone-extension posture can be improved by sensory integrative therapy, with enhanced BPS processing.

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The Effect of Sensory Diet Based on Proprioception on the Toddler's Sleep Pattern : Single Subject Research (고유감각을 기초로 한 감각식이가 유아의 수면 패턴에 미치는 효과: 단일사례연구)

  • Jung, Hye-Rim;Rho, Guem-Mi;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2012
  • Objective : The aim of the present single subject research was to identify the effect of sensory diet based on proprioception on toddler's sleep pattern and the continuance of the effect. Methods : The sensory diet based on proprioception consisted of 14 session was provided to a 13 months old girl for 2 weeks. The time taken to fall asleep, amount of sleep, bed time and severity of behavior before sleep were recorded by her mother who was taken the education about observation. Results : After the sensory diet, the child present change of time taken to fall asleep, amount of sleep, bed time and severity of behavior before sleep, and the effect on time taken to fall asleep, continued temporally. Conclusion : The sensory diet based on proprioception was related to stabilize the sleep pattern of a toddler, and the effect of the sensory diet continued temporally after the sensory diet. For future research, more subjects and methodical measure are need to generalize the result of sensory diet based on proprioception affecting to toddler's sleep pattern.

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The Development Of Union Balance Sensory Measurement And Diagnosis System Using Virtual Reality (가상현실을 이용한 통합 평형감각 측정 및 진단 시스템의 개발)

  • 김종윤;송철규;김남균
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.239-243
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    • 2001
  • 최근 각종 질병과 사고로 평형감각에 이상이 있는 환자가 증가하고 있다. 이들의 빠른 사회로의 환원을 위해서는 평형감각을 회복시킬 수 있는 효율적인 재활훈련이 필요하다. 하지만 기존 장비들은 근력을 길러주거나 특정감각기관만을 훈련시켜주는 정도의 재활만이 가능하다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 가상현실기술과 자전거를 이용하여 평형감각 실조환자의 진단 및 시각, 전정감각, 체성감각 등을 효율적으로 진단하고 자극, 훈련시킬 수 있는 bike simulator system을 개발하였다. 그리고 본 시스템이 재활훈련에 유용한지 실험 검토하였다. 실험결과 본 시스템을 통한 반복실험결과 COP의 값을 통하여 평형감각의 정량적 측정, 분석이 가능하였고, 훈련시 COP를 실시간으로 visual feedback함으로서 평형감각의 조절과 balance의 유지기능이 향상함을 확인하였고 본 시스템이 통합평형감각 측정 및 훈련용 재활장비로 유용함을 알 수 있었다.

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Sensory Information Learning Process Considering of Emotion (감정을 고려한 감각 정보 처리 학습)

  • 김성주;김용민;김성현;전홍태
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.225-228
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    • 2003
  • 인간은 두뇌의 일부를 이용하여 감각 정보를 수집하고 이에 대한 분석 및 판단을 행한 후에 행동을 취하는 일반적인 과정에 의해, 느끼고 생각하고 말한다. 이런 일련의 과정은 신경생리학적으로 밝혀진 바에 의하면, 대뇌의 시상에 분포한 일차 감각영역에서 감각 정보를 수집한다. 수집된 감각 정보는 과거 기억과의 비교를 통해 인식되고 인식된 정보는 일차 운동영역으로 전달되어 행동으로 나타난다. 수집된 감각 정보를 판단하는 기관은 감각 연합 영역으로 알려져 있으며, 과거 정보를 통해 비교하여 판단하는 방식이다. 본 논문에서는 신경회로망의 적응적 학습 기법을 통해 입력된 감각 정보에 대한 추론 과정에 감정의 변화를 고려하는 학습 모델을 제시하고자 한다. 감정을 고려하지 않은 경우에 비해, 동일한 감각 입력에 대해 감정에 따라 차별화된 행동을 결정할 수 있는 학습 모델을 설정함으로써 단순한 감각 정보 처리의 차원을 극복하고자 한다.

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The Effect of Group Sensory Integrative Intervention for Play Skill and Social Interaction (그룹감각통합치료가 아동의 놀이와 또래 상호작용에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Eun-Kyoung;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2009
  • Objective : The purpose of the study is to find out how group sensory integrative (SI) intervention enhances play skill and social interaction of the children with sensory integration disorders. Method : Three children who were showing problems related in sensory integration received 12 SI intervention sessions. The Sensory Profile (SP) and The Social Maturity Scale (SMS) were accomplished by the subject's primary caregiver. Test of Playfulness (ToP) and Peer Social Interactions Rating Scale (PSIRS) were utilized to investigate the children's play skills and social interactions with their friends. Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) is applied to assess the children's play skill, social interactions with peer, and sensory processing at each session. Data was collected before- and after the intervention and analyzed by the Wilcoxon matched-pair signed rank test with SPSS/WIN version 10.0 and Microsoft Excel. Results : The average scores of ToP, PSIRS, and SMS were increased after the sensory integrative intervention. However, there is no significant difference in the play skills and social interactions between data of pre-intervention and the one of post-intervention. The score of the GAS was frequently increased in terms of the play skills and sensory processing throughout the whole sessions. Conclusions : This study reveals a possibility of that the group sensory integrative intervention may affect not only sensory processing ability, but also play skills and social interactions of children experiencing difficulties of sensory processing. Future research should supplement limitations of this study regarding insufficient number of the subject and the short period of the experiment.

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Structure of sensilla on the Antenna and Mouthparts of the Oriental Tobacco Budworm(Heliothis assulta Guenee) Larvae (담배나방의 유충의 촉각 및 구기 감각기의 구조)

  • 박순식;부경생
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.94-102
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    • 1988
  • Studies were carried out to describe the structure and distribution of various sensilla on the antenna and mouthparts of the Oriental tobacco bud worm (H. assulta) larvae by light and scanning electron microscopy. The larval antenna has 3 segments. The second segment has 2 hairs and 3 pegs, while the third segment shows 3 regular pegs and a segmented peg (styloconicum type). Each mandible bears 2 aporous hairs on the lateral surface. The labrum bears 12 aporous hairs on its external surface. and 6 aporous hairs, 4 coeloconica-like sensilla and 2 campaniformia-like sensilla on its epipharynx. The stipes has 3 hairs, and the galea has 3 pegs. 2 papillae and 2 domes. The maxillary palpus has only a digitiform sensillum on its 1st segment but 11 sensilla of 4 different types on its 2nd segment. Maxillary sensilla represent almost 70% of total number of larval sensilla on the mouthparts. Labial pal pus has a single segment bearing a large segmented uniporous peg and a small peg. Finally their possible fun¬ctions were suggested.

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A Systematic Review on Sensory Integration Intervention in Korea: Focusing on Ayres Sensory Integration (ASI) (국내 감각통합치료 중재에 관한 체계적 고찰 - Ayres의 감각통합중재(ASI)를 중심으로)

  • Jung, Hyerim;Choi, Yeon-Woo;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.27-40
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    • 2013
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate how many studies for sensory integration intervention in Korea reflect the principle of Ayers' sensory integration through a systemic review. Methods : The systemic review was executes using RISS, NDSL, KISS, DBpia. The key words for search were 'sensory integration therapy', 'sensory integration intervention', 'sensory integration program', 'sensory integration training' to search the articles, published in 2000-2012. To analyze ASI fidelity of 49 studies included in the present study, the numbers of items were calculated if the study describe the ASI principle. Results : The IV was the most levels of evidence, and the subjects for the studies were mental intellectual disability (15), developmental disability (14) and autism spectrum disorders (13) etc. It was described the most that presenting sensory opportunities (43), challenging postural, ocular, oral and/or bilateral motor control (37) of ASI fidelity. The studies using more than 4 ASI principle were 26.5%(13), and 7 studies using 8 or more than 8 were studied in OT. Conclusion : In OT, 34 of 49 studies performed, and they used several principles of ASI. To have unity for sensory integration principle and to improve therapy professionalism the study using various data and systematic review study will be needed in the future.

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수 감각 및 수 감각 학습에 대한 소고

  • Nam, Hyeong-Chae;Gwon, Jeom-Rye
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.8
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    • pp.77-89
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    • 1999
  • “초등학교 수학의 주된 목표는 수 감각 개발이 되어야 한다” 는 Everybody Counts (1989)의 진술에서 알 수 있듯 수 감각은 최근 그 중요성이 강조되고 있으며, 수학교육의 목표와 내용을 대표하는 용어가 되고 있다. 이는 지금까지 교실에서 이루어진 연산 중심수업에 대한 반성이고, 의미 부여 학습을 강조하는 현재 진행중인 교육과정 개혁 움직임에서 쉽게 찾아 볼 수 있다. 그러나 아직 수 감각이라는 용어에 대한 명확한 정의가 내려져 있지 않을뿐더러 그 하위 구성요소를 분류하는데도 문헌마다 서로 일치하지 않는다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 문헌에 나타난 수 감각의 정의와 그 하위 구성요소들을 고찰해 보고, 아동들에게 수 감각을 길러주기 위한 수학 학습에 대해 알아본다.

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Neurophysiological Evidence for Sensory Processing Disorder (감각처리 장애에 대한 신경생리학적 증거들)

  • Kim, Eun-Young
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2012
  • Sensory integration started as a theory to provide a occupational therapist with a useful frame for explaining and intervening the problems which children have. Most researches on sensory processing disorder (SPD) have been found empirical evidence to support the sensory integration theory by measuring behavioral manifestations of SPD. Recently, researchers who are interested in the diagnosis of SPD have begun to use neurophysiological methods to establish objective evidence for sensory integration. These studies reported the neurophysiological indexes reflecting the maladaptive behaviors as well as the difference between children with SPD and typically developing children in using electrodermal activity, vagal tone, EEG. Future neurophysiological studies on SPD will be expected to prove the efficacy of sensory integration intervention.