• Title, Summary, Keyword: 간이구강위생지수

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A Study of Oral Hygiene Status for Pregnant Women in Some Areas (일부지역 임산부의 구강위생실태에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Soo;Go, Eun-Hee;Kim, Chang-Hee
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 2006
  • To conduct this study, researchers personally visited two maternity hospitals, one public centers, and two gymnastics classes for pregnant women in some areas of Seoul from March 14 to April 28, 2005 to determine a simplified oral hygiene index to measure cleanness for 200 women in the twenty weeks and over of pregnancy in order to examine their oral health conditions and provide basic data for the future oral health care and education in oral hygiene for pregnant women and, consequently, drew the following conclusions. 1. Simplified oral hygiene index between early, middle, and late pregnancy. It was shown that the Early was $1.10{\pm}.91$, Middle was $1.78{\pm}1.02$, The simplified oral hygiene index of Late was $1.73{\pm}1.03$. The simplified oral hygiene index of Total was $1.47{\pm}1.03$, with a Food debris index $0.96{\pm}0.51$ and a Calculus score $0.51{\pm}0.52$. 2. There were statistically significant differences in the simplified oral hygiene index of both the upper and the lower jaws between early, middle, and late pregnancy (p < 0.01). It was shown that the Food debris index, Calculus score, and the simplified oral hygiene index all increased with the approach of delivery. 3. There were statistically significant differences in the simplified oral hygiene index of both the anterior and the posterior areas between early, middle, and late pregnancy (p < 0.01). It was found that the Food debris index, Calculus score, and the simplified oral hygiene index all increased with the approach of delivery.

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The Effects of Smoking on Oral Environment (흡연이 구강환경에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Jin-Young;Park, Kyung-Sook
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2001
  • In conclusion, so far, the researcher took into account the correlativity between Patient Hygiene Performance Index and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index in order to diagnose the oral environment of smoker group and nonsmoker group. From the above results, there showed some difference between each indexes, but hadn't significant difference statistically, which means that hadn't significant difference between two groups on account of selecting the groups(smoker group, nonsmoker group) having a similar ability with regard to Patient Hygiene Performance. With regard to the effect of smoking period, smoking quantity, smoking quantity per year on Patient Hygiene Performance and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index, the researcher knew that smoking has a marked effect on patient's oral environment management.

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A Comparative Study on Oral Environment between Smokers and Non-smokers (흡연자와 비흡연자의 구강환경 비교 연구)

  • Park, Il-Soon;Lee, Sun-Hee;Youn, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2008
  • This research had the following results after analyzing the questionnaires and the survey on 51 people experienced smoking and 51 people unexperienced smoking out of patients who participated in the practice hours of Department of Dental Hygiene to study the relevance between smoking which is one of the partial factors of oral disease and oral health. 1. 78.4% of patients smoke more while drinking, which level is still high, so it threatens the oral health. 2. 22.5 % of patients had the experience of scaling within recent 1 year, which level is still low. 3. The people who experienced smoking realized the harmfulness of smoking and during the toothbrushing, the level of self-consciousness about halitosis and bleeding gum is higher than the unexperienced. 4. The frequency of smokers' toothbrushing on the average a day is lower than non-smokers. 5. Simplified oral hygiene index of men(4.98) is higher than woman(4.00) and the people experienced smoking(4.59) is higher than the unexperienced(4.18), which means that man and the person who experienced smoking has the bad oral environment.

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Effectiveness of oral health promotion on the oral health education in some high school students (일부 고등학교 학생들의 구강보건교육에 대한 구강건강증진 효과)

  • Shin, Kyoung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.933-942
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study is to examine the effectiveness in the oral health promotion through the oral health education for high school students. In adolescence, there seems to be the high incidences of dental caries, gingivitis and periodontal diseases. Concerning preventing all such outbreaks, this study focuses on applying the oral health education to their health education, and on analyzing its effectiveness. Methods : To verify its effectiveness, this research administered 85 students of both genders of a certain high school in Seoul during May-October 2010, followed by the evaluation of DMFT, S-PHP, and CPITN. Results : First, the oral health promotion through the education was statistically significant in the permanent effects of index (FT index). Second, the effect of S-PHP index gradually decreased in statistics from the first to the fifth session, but, after five months ever since the education, it seemed relatively higher in the next sessions. Third, the changing in the level of CPITN decreased continuously as the students received the education repeatedly, but there is no significant difference in statistics for each session. Conclusions : For the oral health promotion in the high school students, the education ought to be focused on the behavior-change objectives rather than on the knowledge-based objectives. The repeated education for tooth-brushing instruction should be stressed for preventing from returning to the old bad behaviors.

Variations of Oral Cavity Environment according to Sodium Lauryl Sulfate Concentration of Toothpaste (세치제의 Sodium Lauryl Sulfate함유 정도에 따른 구강환경변화)

  • Jeong, Hwa-Yeong;Kim, Yoon-Shin;Jeong, Mi-Ae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.240-248
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    • 2010
  • This study used 3 kinds of experimental toothpaste prepared with different contents of SLS, i.e. A (0%), B (1.1%), C (2.2%). These 150 subjects were subdivided again into three groups. After 4 weeks application of the three kinds of toothpaste, it was found that there were differences in dental plaque test (PHP) among the 3 groups; that is; a higher SLS content was associated with a lower PHP index. In addition, it was found that all 3 groups showed a reduction in simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S). After 4 weeks application of the three groups of toothpaste, it was found that a higher SLS content was associated with a lower salivary flow, but there was no significant variation in salivary mucosity and pH. Further, it was found that SLS was negatively correlated with salivary flow, which supports the theory that SLS may induce xerostomia.

A comparative study on oral health index after oral health care program for orthodontic patients (교정치료환자의 구강건강관리프로그램 적용에 따른 구강건강지수 비교)

  • Nam, Yong-Tae;Kim, Yu-Rin
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.215-224
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The objective of the study was to investigate the oral health index in orthodontic patients by dividing the patients into two groups; the OHCP (Oral Health Care Program)group and the control group. Methods: The subjects in Busan were divided into two groups, including the OHCP group (205 patients) and the control group (119 patients), during orthodontic treatment that took place from October 2015 to October 2016. The oral health index was subdivided into three groups according to the oral interest level of the OHCP and control groups. The oral health index used was Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (S-OHI) and Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN). Results: When the degree of oral interest was compared, he OHCP group before application and after application saw a significant difference (p<0.001) in all the variables except the S-DI. Meanwhile, the control group saw no significant difference in most variables. after OHCP application, The OHCP group was significant differences in all variables (p<0.001), and the control group was no significant difference in most variables. Conclusions: Oral hygiene management for orthodontic patients should be systematically and professionally programmed differently from that for general dental treatment patients. As such, dental hygienists should take this into consideration and proactively develop and research programs similar to OHCP for orthodontic patients.

Oral Health Status and Dental Treatment Need of Liver Transplant Candidates (간 이식 예정 환자의 구강건강상태 및 치과치료 요구도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Tae-Jun;Kho, Hong-Seop
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2009
  • Liver transplantation is definitive treatment for the patients suffering from hepatitis, severe liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. In these patients, systemic infections under immunosuppression may occur easily. Therefore, primary object of dental treatments before liver transplantation is absolute removal of oral infection source. In addition, comprehensive dental management plan is essential for success of liver transplantation. The present study has been performed to investigate decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth index(DMFT index), degree of oral hygiene, past medical history, need of dental treatment, completion of dental treatment need and time interval between dental visit and operation date of liver transplantation in liver transplant candidates. Obtained results were as follows; 1. Decayed teeth of the patients were 2.68, missing teeth were 4.02 and filled teeth were 3.42. DMFT index was 10.12. 2. Twenty percents of patients showed moderate to severe food impactions, 42.2% of patients had moderate to heavy calculus and 37.8% of patients displayed gingival inflammation with swelling. 3. Patients needed periodontal treatments more than any other dental treatments. Periodontal treatments were needed for 88.9% of patients, operative & endodontic treatments were 46.7% of patients and 33.3% of patients needed for oral & maxillofacial surgical treatments. 4. Among 90 patients, time interval between scheduled operation date of liver transplantation and dental visit was within 2 weeks for 32.2% of patients, within 1 week for 20.0% of patients. In conclusion, most liver transplant candidates needed dental treatments for removal of potential infection sources. However because of insufficient interval between dental visit and operation date, they had taken liver transplantation procedures without comprehensive dental management. Development of preventive and comprehensive dental management program is mandatory for these patients. Cooperative interdisciplinary management will play a positive role for successful liver transplantation.

A study on the oral health of some disabled people with mental retardation (일부 정신지체 장애인의 구강건강에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Il-Soon
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.27-43
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health state of disabled people with mental retardation in an attempt to pave the way for oral health care planning geared toward the disabled. Subjects and Method : The subjects in this study were 46 mentally retarded people who attended rehabilitation centers for the disabled in the city of Wonju, Gangwon Province. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed with SPSS 13.0 program, and frequency analysis, percentage, ANOVA and t-test were utilized. Results : The findings of the study were as follows: 1. The simplified oral hygiene index of the mentally retarded people was 1.32, which was on the average. 2. The decayed teeth index and decayed teeth rate of the mentally retarded people were respectively 13.48 and 48.13 percent, which were above the average. 3. The decayed surface index and decayed surface rate of the mentally retarded people were respectively 27.17 and 17.39 percent. 4. The simplified debris index of the mentally retarded people significantly varied with gender(p<.01), and missing teeth index(p<.05) and missing surface index differed significantly with age. Filled surface index was significantly different according to the region. Conclusion : The findings of the study illustrated that their indexes related dental caries experience were high. In order to promote the oral health of the disabled with mental retardation, prolonged research should be implemented, and a dental checkup should be carried out on a regular basis by specialists. Preventive care and early treatment should be provided, and the development of customized oral health education programs tailored to different sorts of disabilities and oral health control methods is required.

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Relationship between oral environment and halitosis (구강환경과 구취와의 관련성)

  • Lee, Young-Ok;Lee, Tae-Yong;Min, Hee-Hong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.125-139
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    • 2009
  • Objective : This study was performed in order to provide basic data for halitosis prevention and establish a device to efficiently eliminate halitosis and to analyze the factors that affect the halitosis. Methods : Oral examination on the Gingival index, CPITN, Tongue Plaque index, and OHI-S as well as halitosis measurement among 293 rural residents. Results : Gingival index was high at mild on female and at moderate on male(p=0.025). Sorting the result by age, mild was 54.1% in the 40s, and moderate was 49.5%, 42.0% and 70.0% each in the 50s, 60s, and the 70s(p=0.005). The need for dental plaque management was 100%. The need for scaling was high with 78.3%, 93.0%, 89.9%, and 90.0% each for the 40s, 50s, 60s, and 70s. The need for complex periodontal treatment was also high with 32.4%, 47.5%, 48.7% and 60.0%, each for the 40s, 50s, 60s, and 70s(p=0.050). The highest bad condition for OHI-S was 69.5%, and good being 18.9%, and very bad being 11.6%. For moderate tongue plaque index was 74.4% as the highest. As the level of education increased, the slight tongue plague was increased, but in contrast, the moderate and higher tongue plague index was decreased(p=0.010). OG under 50ppm was 61.1% on male and OG over 50ppm was 50.9% on female(p=0.041). In OG over 50ppm, CPITN was 52.1% and 41.9% in scaling and complex periodontal treatment group(p=0.018). OHI-S, in bad and very bad condition with OG, over 50ppm, was 48.7% and 46.9%(p=0.019). The higher tongue plague index showed significant amount of increase at OG and EG above 50ppm(p=0.006). $NH_3$, as the tongue plaque index increased, the wider range of distribution was shown(p=0.000). As for the multiple regression analysis result, there have been selected females and tongue plaque index as factors affecting OG. There have been selected age and tongue plaque index as factors affecting EG and there have been selected females as factors affecting on $NH_3$. Conclusions : With the aforementioned results in mind, the status of halitosis among rural residents is considered to bare a close relation with oral environments. we have to focus on correct tooth brushing methods and tongue brushing, with using tongue cleaner to remove fur of tongue plaque. Also, in order to analyze exactly the factors of individual halitosis, we need continuous and systematic study.

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Effects of Toothbrush Education on the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (S-OHI) and Toothbrushing-related Knowledge (칫솔질 교육에 따른 간이구강위생지수(S-OHI) 및 칫솔질 지식변화 효과)

  • Yum, Jong-Hwa;Ko, Hyo-Jin;Lee, Su-Jin;Kim, Hye-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.187-195
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    • 2014
  • To improve oral hygiene management, the effects of toothbrush training on general oral hygiene based on the simplified oral hygiene index(S-OHI) and degree of knowledge about toothbrushing were examined. Pre-and post-training changes in the S-OHI (lower score = better oral health status) showed a significant decrease in score in all variables (gender, age, marital status, occupation, and level of education).Pre- and post-training changes in the degree of knowledge about toothbrushing showed a significant increase. Negative correlations between the S-OHI, oral health status, and degree of knowledge about toothbrushing and the S-OHI and the Decayed, Missing, Filled (DMF) index (the better the oral cavity environment, the lower the DMF index) were observed. Positive effects of repeated toothbrush training on the maintenance of healthy oral cavity environment and continuous oral health management were observed, as reflected by the correct toothbrushing-related knowledge and skills.