• Title, Summary, Keyword: 가족지지

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DEVELOPMENTAL AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS IN CHILDREN WITH NOCTURNAL ENURESIS : RESULTS OF A MULTICENTER STUDY (야뇨증 환아들의 심리사회적 특성에 대한 다기관 연구 : 발달학적 및 임상적 특성을 중심으로)

  • Cho Soo-Churl;Shin Min-Sup;Hwang Jun-Won;Han Sang-Won;Park Kwan-Hyun;Lee Sang-Don;Kim Kyung-Do;Kim Kun-Suk;Suh Hong-Jin;Lee Yoo-Sik;Chung Jae-Yong;Kim Young-Kyoon;Kim Jae-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine the developmental and clinical characteristics associated with nocturnal enuresis in Korean children. Methods : Three hundred eighteen children with nocturnal enuresis, together with their parents, completed a parent questionnaire consisting of a Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL). Data related to the prenatal, perinatal and developmental history, past and current medical history were collected. Ninety-three normal students were selected as the control group. Results : The nocturnal enuresis group attained diurnal and nocturnal urinary control significantly later than those in the normal control group.49.2% of the children with nocturnal enuresis had the family history of nocturnal enuresis. Daytime incontinence was present in 41.3% of the nocturnal enuresis group. The percentages of sleep-related disturbances were significantly higher in the nocturnal enuresis group when compared to the normal control group.42.6% of the children with nocturnal enuresis experienced pharmacotherapy, and 0.4% experienced enuresis alarms. Conclusion : The results of this study suggest that children with nocturnal enuresis in Korea have a high genetic load and a possibility of developmental delay, which supports the neurodevelopmental point of view with regard to the etiology of nocturnal enuresis. The physicians in Korea prefer pharmacological interventions to alarm interventions in treating Korean children with nocturnal enuresis.

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A Study on the actual conditions of the use of them and the moves to strengthen home economics resources for school lifelong education in home economics teachers' view (가정과교사가 인식한 학교 평생교육을 위한 가정과 자원의 활용 실태 및 활성화 방안)

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Chae, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.127-141
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual conditions of the use of them and the moves to strengthen home economics resources for school lifelong education for parents and local residents. This study conducted a systematic random sampling. Questionnaires were distributed to home economics teachers from 285 middle schools, 123 high schools, and 130 of them were sampled as the subjects of this study. The results of this study were as follows. First, home economics teachers were active participating school lifelong educational program. But according to the result of research on the actual condition, the proportion of taking part in it was low. More than half of home economics teachers who took part in program's lecturer were in charge of computer courses. So they didn't show their ability as expert. Also they were in charge of several works than roll of lecturers. It was mentioned too great a burden. There is little in-service training for meeting specialization for school lifelong education. They wanted to take part of lecturers of program and preferred hours of being over class. More than half of them had intended to obtain a lifelong educator's license. The part of elective courses for obtaining a lifelong educator's license is similar to home economics educational contents. So, they have an advantage of obtaining it. Second, one-fifth of school that gave school life education carried out program of related home economics. Mostly they had mothers of students-oriented programs on artistic and leisure. But this is that home economics teachers mentioned less important teaching at society in the future. They importantly mentioned program on children's education in now and the future. Parents of students and local residents also extremely wanted it. For differentiated school life education, quality of programs is important greatly. Third, the actual condition of practical room relating home economics is only practice to cook mostly. So they are reluctant to be open it because of being responsible for the results from using there. It is necessary to ameliorate there's facilities and to increase there's area. Fourth, home economics teachers want to improve their specialization through in-service training, to develop and diffuse programs of superior quality, and to get extra pay for overtime from the government.

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Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment for Community Living Elderly in a Rural Area (일부 농촌지역 거주 노인들에 대한 포괄적 노인평가)

  • Rhee, Jung-Ae;Shin, Hee-Young;Chung, Eun-Kyung;Shin, Jun-Ho
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2002
  • The aim of this study was to analyse and conduct the comprehensive geriatric assessment for the elderly in rural area. The subjects were 388 older people aged 65 years or older living in the community. Data for comprehensive assessment such as physical, mental, functional, social and environmental conditions were collected from January to February, 2001 through a person-to-person interview. Of the total 388 olders, 169(43.6%) were men and 219(56.4%) were women. Mean ages of men and women were $73.5{\pm}6.4$ and $74.0{\pm}6.2$ years respectively. Three common diseases of the elderly were arthralgia(51.6%), chronic back pain(33.2%) and hypertension(18.6%), and higher in women than in men. Impairment rate of vision, hearing and bowel or bladder control was 59.0%, 20.1%, and 28.4% respectively. But that of lover extremities 3.4%. In terms of cognitive function, short term memory loss was found in 33.7% of males and 44.7% of females. The percentage of fully independent in the six ADL items was 72.2% in men and 58.9% in women. In the social supportive system, 49.5% of the elderly were living with spouse, and 22.9% living alone, 26.3% having care giver. These results will provide basic data for the development of community-based health program, which gives appropriate health service for the elderly living in the community.

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Toward a Sociological Understanding of Koreans in Small Business in the United States (미국에서 한인 자영업에 관한 연구)

  • 최병목
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.139-173
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    • 1996
  • This study is an attempt to identify factors affecting korean immigrants concentration in small business enterprises in the middleman minority sector including the priphery and core sectors, with the private wage and self-employed worker examined in each sector, employing the 5 percent public use sample from the 1980 United States census. One out of five koreans aged 25∼64 years is engaged in self-employed small businesses, while the majority of koreans (4 out of 5) are in the private wage sector. In contrast to expectations, English language difficulties and inferior education are not the prime factors affecting self-employment small businesses. The korean self-employed small business owners both in the periphery sector and in the core sector showed the 'middle' strata of their position in the social structure in terms of their industry, occupation, earnings, etc.

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MUSIC THERAPY FOR ADOLESCENTS WITH CONDUCT DISORDER (품행장애 청소년의 음악치료 사례연구)

  • Jhin, Hea-Kyung;Kwon, Hea-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.110-123
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    • 2000
  • The short-term music therapy was performed for adolescents with conduct disorder admitted to Seoul National Mental Hospital for 3 months from Jun to September, 1998. This case study focused mainly on two female patients who participated regularly in the group music therapy. The music therapy process was divided into three phases;beginning, opening up, and closing. This music therapy session consisted of three parts;hello song as beginning, various musical activities, and sound & movement activity as closing. Free musical improvisation, song discussion, musical monodrama, and sound & movement were the mainly applied techniques. Free improvisation was used to enhance, motivate, identify and contain the adolescents' feelings and ideas. Song discussion was used to convey their thoughts and to support each other. Musical monodrama was used to make them have insights into interpersonal relationships. Sound & movement was used to enhance spontaneity. It made them explore their body and voice as an expressive medium. Throughout three months period of music therapy, patient A's communication skill, socialization, and behavior areas were assessed with improvement. She could use music as a symbolic form and was able to share her feelings about herself and her family. Patient B's self-expression and cognitive areas were assessed with improvement. She became more spontaneous and could verbalize her emotions during the group session. Music as a non-verbal and therefore often a non-threatening medium wherein so much can be expressed provided two female patients an atmosphere where a sense of trust may be regained.

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AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON DREAM, DAYDREAM AND HOPE IN CHILDREN(1):FROM DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVE (어린이의 꿈, 공상 및 희망에 대한 경험적 연구(1) : 발달학적 관점에서 고찰)

  • Kim, Soo-Jeong;Shin, Min-Sup;Nam, Min;Hong, Kang-E
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.3-21
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    • 1997
  • We examined the developmental characteristics of dream, daydream, and hope of elementary school students in their 1st, 3rd, and 5th grades, and studied the correlation between three variables. We summarized the results of this study as follows. 1) The contents of dream developed with the cognitive development and socialization process. In detail, appearance of animals, family members, and known persons gradually decreased, and appearance of self, same-sex peers, and strangers gradually increased. These results are comparable with the previous studies of dream. 2) Daydream, hope, and current state also developed with age. In detail, frequency of daydream increased, and the contents of daydream and hope changed toward more self-centered and more realistic. The changes of current state are thought to reflect the specific situation of Korea. 3) There are some correlation among dream, daydream, and hope. Especially happy mood and fearful mood had positive correlation with the relevant contents of dream, daydream, and hope. Also the contents of dream showed positive correlation with the same contents of daydream. This study is the first trial which investigate the developmental characteristics of dream, daydream, and hope of normal children in Korea. We verified that dream and daydream are on the continuous line of ‘reality-imitation-play-daydream-dream’ Finally, considering the facts that dream developed with age;responded to meaningful emotional experiences;and had the correlation with daydream, hope, and current state, the results of this study support the psychological meaning of dream.

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Relation between Dietary Habit and Nutrition Knowledge, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the Middle School Students in Seoul (서울시내 일부 중학생의 식습관, 영양지식과 주의력결핍 과잉행동장애와의 관계)

  • Choi, Jin-Young;Lee, Sang-Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.42 no.8
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    • pp.682-690
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to analyse the relation between dietary habit and nutrition knowledge, and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) in the middle school students in Seoul, Korea. Total study subjects were 631 students, 51.8% was male and 48.2% was female. In the assessment of predisposition of ADHD, 93% was normal group and 7% was ADHD group. As for the gender in ADHD group, 56.8% was male and 43.2% was female. Normal group showed the higher breakfast consumption rate than ADHD group (p < 0.05). Dietary habits were better in normal group than ADHD group. Nutrition knowledge scores of normal group was 7.38 out of 15 and scores of ADHD group was 5.77 out of 15 (p < 0.01). The nutrition knowledge score and the dietary habits score showed a positive correlation (p < 0.01). The nutrition knowledge score and snack meal purchasing frequency showed a negative correlation (p < 0.05). There are significant negative correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity score and nutrition knowledge score (p < 0.01). In conclusion, ADHD group showed lower level of nutrition knowledge and worse dietary habits than the normal group.

Current Status and Challenge of Hospice.Palliative Care in Korea (한국 호스피스.완화의료 기관 현황 및 과제)

  • Lee, Kun-Sei;Joo, Ji-Soo;Kim, Jung-Hoe;Kim, Keon-Yeop
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.196-205
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current status of hospice palliative care facilities, and to identify problems and improve hospice palliative care in Korea. Methods: The questionnaire survey was implemented from October to December, 2007. It was consisted of general characteristics of organization, health manpower, facilities & equipments, service programs, and so on. Sixty two (79.5%) out of 78 hospice palliative care facilities returned the questionnaires. Results: They were 42 hospital-based hospice palliative care hospitals and 9 clinics, and most of them are located at central metropolitan areas (Seoul and Gyeonggi Province). more than 80% of hospitals met with the requirements (one doctor per 10 patients and one nurse per 1.5 patients), whereas 42.9% of clinics met the requirements. Approximately 22% of them met the requirement of sick room (4 patients for 1 room). Most of them provided various hospice palliative care programs. The proportion of giving regular education programs to hospice palliative care personnels were about half (41.9%). Thirty two (51.6%) facilities provided home visiting hospice palliative care service. Conclusion: There were lack of enough health manpower, rooms, and programmes and they varied among facilities. It is necessary to increase the number of hospice palliative care facilities with consideration of regional fair distribution and standardization of programmes.

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The Selection of the Most Painful Word in the Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) for Pain and the Psychosocial Factors in Association with Pain Assessment in Korean Adult Cancer Patients - for the Development of Korean Cancer Pain Assessment Tool(K-CPAT) by Delphi Method - ("표준형 성인 암성 통증 평가도구" 개발을 위한 시각통증등급의 최고통증강도 어휘 및 심리.사회적 평가 항목의 선정 - 델파이 방법을 이용 -)

  • Kim, Jin-Seo;Chun, Byung-Chul;Choi, Youn-Seon;Song, Chan-Hee;Yeom, Chang-Hwan;Lee, Myung-Aha;Lee, June-Young;Yoon, So-Young;Jang, Se-Kwon;Lee, Young-Hee;Lee, Kyoung-Uk;Lee, Chul;Park, Jean-No
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2003
  • This paper addresses the minor differences in the description of pain in Korean language in order to develop a standarized cancer pain aneument tool for Korean adults, Korean Cancer Pain Assessement Tool. The subtle differences in the meaning of expressions used cannot be translated into English and therefore we omiltted the English abstract.

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Relationship between Broca Index of Late School-Aged Children and Their Mothers' Eating, Cooking, and Exercise Habit (어머니의 식습관, 요리습관 및 운동습관과 학령기 후기 아동의 Broca 체질량지수와의 상관관계 연구)

  • Lee, Hyerim;Lee, Kyoung-Eun;Ko, Kwang Suk;Hong, Eunah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.10
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    • pp.1488-1496
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    • 2016
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze mothers' eating, cooking, and exercise habits based on their demographic characteristics and to examine the relationship between those habits and their late school-aged children's Broca index. A total of 393 questionnaires were mailed to the mothers of late school-aged children who registered at four elementary schools in the Seoul area, of which 159 participants (40.0%) completed questionnaires. Statistical data analyses were performed using SPSS/Win 21.0 for descriptive statistics, t-test ANOVA, and Pearson's regression coefficient. There was a statistically significant difference in mothers' cooking habit (F=3.920, P=0.022) and exercise habit (F=3.211, P=0.043) according to their educational level. Interestingly, 82.4% of mothers had a Broca index of less than 90% of normal body mass level. A significant positive correlation of Broca index between mothers and their late school-aged children (r=0.345, P<0.001) indicated that children whose mothers had a low body mass level also tended to have a low body mass level. In this study, late school-aged children's Broca index was not significantly related with mother's eating (r=-0.072, P=0.367) or exercise habits (r=-0.010, P=0.897) but was significantly related with their mother's cooking habits (r=-0.157, P=0.048). Considering there are few studies examining the impacts of mother's cooking habits on their children's appropriate body mass, the results suggest that developing an effective educational program to cultivate mothers' healthy cooking habits to improve school-aged children's health status is very important. The findings of this study provide important data that could be used when developing health education programs tailored to the multi-dimensional impacts of mothers' life habits on their last school-aged children's developmental health status.