• Title, Summary, Keyword: 가족지지

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A Study on Families' Coping with the Mentally III (정신장애인 가족의 대처에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Mi-Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.37
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    • pp.217-239
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    • 1999
  • The main premise of this study is that a successful treatment and rehabilitation of the mentally ill depends on an active. coping of their family members, who are the primary care-takers of the patients, even if families are confronting many difficulties because of caring their patients. Accordingly, this study aims to find out which factors are related to families active coping with the mentally ill. This study is conducted the survey with 191 family members of the mentally ills in order to discover: 1) what kinds of relations do exist between sociodemographic factors of the respondents, care-burden toward the mentally ill, and social supports, and the active coping, and 2) in what extent do these related factors affect on the active coping. The major findings of the study are: 1) gender and educational background of the respondents are positively related to the active coping; 2) regarding care-burden felt by the respondents, there is statistically significant positive relationship between - the respondents' burden due to a lack of social and institutional support and their active coping; 3) considering the relationship with social support, there is highly positive relationship between decision. emotional. material supports and the active coping; 4) using a multiple regression, respondents' sociodemographic background, care-burden, social support affect significantly on the active coping by 26.2% of explanatory power; and 5) using a step-wise multiple regression, the most powerful influenced factors on active coping are emotional support, burden due to a lack of social and institutional support, and educational background of the respondents. In conclusion, this study recommends clinicians to use an educational and support model for the families. All these efforts will contribute to enhance active coping of the families with the mentally ill.

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Factors Related Self-Care Behavior among Liver Cirrhosis Patients: Focusing on Disease Knowledge and Family Support (간경변증 환자의 자가간호 행동 관련 요인: 질병 지식과 가족지지를 중심으로)

  • Park, HaeJin;Shin, Yeonghee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.647-656
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the associations among the factors related to self-care behavior in patients with liver cirrhosis, focusing on disease knowledge and family support. The subjects were 120 liver cirrhosis patients recruited from the medical out-patient clinic of ageneral hospital in the U metropolitan city during the period of June-August, 2015. The data were analyzed with SPSS(Version 21) program. The results showed that the average scores of disease knowledge was $12.64{\pm}2.16$ out of 18; family support was $23.28{\pm}5.68$ out of 32; and self-care behavior was $35.66{\pm}8.67$ out of 60. The study subjects had moderate levels of disease knowledge and family support, but low levels of self-care behavior. The data showedthat self-care behavior was positively correlated with disease knowledge (r=0.675, p<0.001) and family support (r=0.804, p<0.001) of the subjects. The best predictors for self-care behavior were family support, disease knowledge, frequency of alcohol consumption per week, having liver cirrhosis patients among family or relatives, and educational level, which accounted for 69.7% of the variance. In conclusion, promoting the self-care behavior of liver cirrhosis patients should be planned based on a consideration of the patient's educational level, knowledge of their own disease, and family support.

The Influence of Family Support Degree on the Depression of the Elderly in a Rural Area (일부(一部) 농촌노인(農村老人)이 지각한 가족지지(家族支持)가 우울에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Mi-Suk;Kim, Ki-Soon;Park, Jong;Cho, Yong-Rae;Kim, Yang-Ok
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.115-129
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    • 1999
  • To find the influence of family support degree on the depression of the elderly in a rural area, a questionnaire survey was made toward 163 persons who were more than 65 years old and living in a township at Chollanamdo province from January 1st to February 20th, 1998. The major findings are as follows : 1. By simple analysis significantly associated variables with depression score were residence, adequacy of pocket money, health consciousness, drinking alcohol, smoking, score of activity of daily living(ADL), score of instrumental activities of daily living(IADL), and degree of family support among female respondents(p<0.05). 2. To find the influence of family support on the depression score excluding other associated variables, multiple regression analysis was made and it was found that family support was associated significantly with affective, somatic, psychomotor and psychological domain of depression score among male, and somatic, psychomotor and psychological domain among female(p<0.05). The above finding suggest that family support degree is an important factor to be associated with the depression of the elderly in the rural area. So to deal with the depression of rural elderly, how to make close relation among family members must be considered.

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Study on the Influences of Stress on Successful Aging: Evaluation of Moderating Effect Mediated on Positivity and Family Support (스트레스가 성공적 노화에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 낙관성과 가족지지의 매개된 조절효과 검증)

  • Yeum, Dong-Moon;Lee, Seong-Dae;Park, Moo-Il
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.100-111
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    • 2016
  • This study analyzes targeting 584 senior citizens aged 65 and over in Gyeongsangnam-do to verify a mediated control effect of optimism and family support in stress and successful aging of the aged. Using SPSS Macro Way suggested by Preacher and Hayes. A study model is verified through a route model, and the verification of the study model is conducted in three stages. The first stage analyzes whether a control variable has a control effect in a relationship between predictor variable and standard variable, and the second stage confirms a relationship between predictor variable and mediated variable. In addition, the third stage confirms a mediated control effect. An analytical result is summarized as follows. First, as a result to verify a mediated effect between stress and successful aging, and optimism, it is confirmed that it supports a partially-mediated model. Second, as a result to verify a control effect of optimism and family support of successful aging, it is confirmed that everything has a control effect. Third, as a result to verify a mediated control effect of stress, optimism, successful aging, and family support, there is a mediated control effect. Based on these study results, practical undertone and future task are suggested, and a way to improve family support is presented for successful aging in advanced age.

Influence of Social Support for a Cancer Patient undergoing Radiation Treatment on Quality of Life (방사선치료중인 암환자의 사회적 지지가 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sunggil;Ruy, Soyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 2016
  • This study, targeting a cancer patient undergoing radiation treatment, conducted this research with the aim of looking into the relevance between family support belonging to a patient's primary environment, social support consisting of medical personnel, and the quality of life; this study set 199 patients available for investigation from Jan. 25, 2012 until April 30, 2012 as research subjects among the cancer patients undergoing radiation treatment at the Radiation Oncology Department of a university hospital located in Seoul Metropolitan City. In the analysis of collected data, this study conducted t-test using SPSS/WIN 18.0 Statistical Program, and looked into the relevancy between independent variables including social support, and the quality of life as a dependent variable using analysis of variance, correlation analysis and multi-regression analysis. Conclusively, it was found that the higher the family support perceived by a cancer patient undergoing radiation treatment, the higher the quality of his/her life; thus, this study could learn that there exists a significant relation between family support and the quality of life. Accordingly, it is thought that it's necessary to develop an intervention strategy which makes it possible to intensify family support and social support, etc. for the purpose of improving the quality of life of cancer patients undergoing radiation treatment; further, this study thinks that it's necessary to do additional research which could analyze diverse aspects by subdividing the future quality of life by area.

Relationship of Social Skills & Social Support from Family and Friends to Adjustment Between Children and Adolescents (아동과 청소년의 사회적 기술과 가족 $[\cdor}$ 친구의 지원 및 적응과의 관계)

  • Sim, Hee-Og
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 1999
  • This study focused on the relationship of social skills and social support from family and friends to adjustment between children and adolescents. Subjects were enrolled in the fifth, sixth, 1st, & 2nd grades of elementary and junior high schools. The instruments were Teenage Inventory of Social Skills, Perceived Social Support from Family & Friends, Child Depression Inventory, and Antisocial Behavior Scale. Results indicated that there were positive relations between social skills and social support from family and friends. The more social support from family children and adolescents had, the less depression and antisocial behavior they reported. For depression, children and adolescents showed a significant sex difference. In the case of antisocial behavior, only adolescents revealed a significant sex difference. Depression was explained by social support from family most for both children and adolescents. Antisocial behavior was explained by social skills most especially for children. The results discussed in the context of the effects of social skills and social support on emotional and behavioral adjustments.

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The Effect of Family Resilience, Social Support and Death Recognition on Quality of Death on the Adaptation of Bereavement Family (사별가족의 가족 탄력성, 사회적지지, 죽음인식, 죽음의 질이 사별 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Heo, Hyeon-Jeom;Kwon, Young-Chae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.271-280
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to examine how resilience, social support, perception of death and quality of death affect the bereavement adaptation. Data collection was collected from 2 April to 30 May 2018 by distributing self-reporting questionnaires to 236 people using the eyeball presentation method to those who experienced family history in B city and K area Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlations that used SPSS WIN 22.0 program and the analysis of control effect was made by using Hierarchical Multiple Regression Analysis. The result of degree of adaptation of the subject was 3.5, family resilience was 3.8 and 3.9 in the lower part. Social support was not significant. But family resilience, belief system, death perception and quality of death influenced bereavement. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to bulid a social support network for bereavement families, to prepare for death, and to develop and program a systematic program for well-being to become a beautiful and dignified death.

Comparison of Family Support and Mental Health Between the Rural and Urban Elderly (농촌과 도시지역 노인의 가족지지와 정신건강에 관한 비교)

  • Min, Kyung-Hwa;Kim, Sang-Soon
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.175-185
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    • 1995
  • This study is to compare family support and mental health between the rural and the urban elderly. In order to do that I collected the data through questioning 238 people in 3 urban areas in Busan and 201 people in 9 rural areas near Daegu. The degree of their family support is 36.70 on the average in the rural area and 40.77 in the urban area. The degree of family support of urban elderly is a little higher. According to general characters between the differences of family support in both areas, in the rural area there are differences in sex, age, whether they have a spouse or not, education level, financial state, number of children, number of co living, status of co living, subjective health status, amount of pocket money and how much they are participating in leisure activity. In the urban area there are differences in sex, whether they have a spouse or not, religion, financial state, number of co living, status of co living, subjective health status, amount of pocket money, how much they are participating in leisure activity and house pattern. In the stepwise multiple regression analysis the main variables that affect degree of family support in the rural area are age, whether they have a spouse or not and financial state which account for 33% of the total variance and in the urban area are subjective health status, financial state, whether they have a spouse or not and number of co-living which account for 35%. Health status is better in the urban area(average 36.87) than in the rural area(57.42). In each item the people whose mark was more than 75%(low) have Depression 8.4%, Somatization 8.0% in the urban area and Somatization 8.5%, Depression 8.5%, Anxiety 4.0%, Phobic anxiety 4.0%, Obsessive compulsive reaction 2.5%, Hostility 2.0%, Paranoid ideation 2.0%, Psychoticism 1.5% and Interpersonal sensitivity 1.5% in the rural area. In the mental health condition, on the basis of 4 points in both areas, the average is Somatization(rural : 1.69, urban : 1.51), Depression (rural : 1.64, urban : 1.37) and Obsessive compulsive reaction(rural : 1.33, urban : 0.99). According to the differences between mental health conditions by general characters, in the rural area the differences are presented in sex, age, whether they have a spouse or not, religion, education level, financial state, number of children, status of co living, subjective health status, amount of pocket money and how much they are participating in leisure activity, in the urban area the differences are presented in sex, whether they have a spouse or not, religion, financial state, number of co living, status of co living, subjective health status, house pattern, amount of pocket money and how much they are participating in leisure activity. In the stepwise multiple regression analysis the main variables that affect mental health condition in the rural are family support degree subjective health status, religion sex, age and financial state which account for 43% of the total and in the urban area are family support degree, subjective health status and financial state which account for 51%. In the matter of family support degree and mental health condition the rural area was -0.4555, of urban area was -0.6446. The rural area that has a high percentage in family support degree and mental health condition Depression was -0.5036, Psychoticism was -0.4265 in the urban area Psychoticism was -0.6452, Depression was -0.5955. Family support has a great influence on mental health of old people and family support and mental health condition can be different according to living area. So in their problems nursing intervention through family and nursing strategies according to living area should be established.

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Effects from Social Supports and Global Self-Worth on Children's Stresses (친구, 가족, 교사의 사회적 지지 및 자아가치감에 따른 아동의 스트레스)

  • Han, Jong-Hye;Park, Sung-Ok;Lee, Young-Whan
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects from social supports and global self-worth on stresses for the children. The subjects were 438 children of the 5th grade in Elementary School and the first grade in Junior High School in Taejeon. The instruments used for this study were Children's Social Support, Global Self-Worth and Stress Scale. The data were analyzed using t-test, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression and path analysis. The main results of the study were as follows; 1. The stresses were different depending on age. When the family and the teacher give higher social supports, the 5th graders have higher global self-worth. When the family gives higher social supports, the stresses were decreased for the 5th graders. When the children have higher global self-worth, the stresses were decreased. 2. When the first graders in Junior High School experienced higher global self-worth and social supports from their friends, family, teacher, the stresses were decreased. 3. The first graders in Junior High School experienced more stresses than the 5th graders in Elementary School in parent-related and academic-related domains. But the first graders in Junior High School experienced less stresses than the 5th graders in Elementary School in friend-related domains. 4. The path analysis showed that social supports from friends and family explained 15% of the stresses for the 5th graders in elementary school. Social support from friends, family, and teacher explained 28% of the stresses for the first graders in Junior High School. 5. For the 5th graders in Elementary School, social supports from friends and family had direct influences on the global self-worth. And the global self-worth had direct influence on children's stresses. But for the first graders in Junior High School, social supports from friends, family, and teacher had direct influences on the global self-worth. And the social supports from friends had direct and indirect effects on children's stresses. 6. For predicting the stresses, the most significant variable was the global self-worth for the 5th graders in Elementary School and the first graders in Junior High School.

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Gender Difference of the Influencing Factors on Successful Aging among Rural Community-dwelling Korean Elders (남성노인과 여성노인의 성공적 노화 영향요인)

  • Kim, Hee Kyung
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.819-834
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of successful aging and to investigate influencing factors of it in elderly to types of gender. Subjects were 73 male elderly and 77 female elderly, total 150 elderly living at K city in C province, from May to June, 2012. The data were analyzed using the SPSS Win 18.0 program for $X^2$ test, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. The correlated factors of successful aging among male elders included life satisfaction(r=.525, p<.001), family support(r=.355, p=.004), depression(r=-.555, p<.001) and loneliness(r=-.437, p<.001). Those of successful aging among female elders included life satisfaction(r=.607, p<.001), leisure satisfaction(r=.679, p<.001), family support(r=.784, p<.001), depression(r=-.516, p<.001), loneliness(r=-.644, p<.001) and self-transcendence(r=.576, p<.001). Life satisfaction and depression were statistically significant influencing factors of successful aging in male elders. Especially in the cases of female elders, life satisfaction, depression, family support and self-transcendence affected to successful aging. Life satisfaction, depression, family support, and self-transcendence were explained 52.9% in perception of successful aging among elders. This study suggests that life satisfaction, depression, family support, and self-transcendence will be considered in enhancing the successful aging promoting care and welfare designed for types of gender.