• Title, Summary, Keyword: 硅藻分析

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Quantitative Determination of Cristobalite Content in Diatomite and Filtered Food (규조토와 여과식품 중 크리스토발라이트의 정량분석)

  • Jeong, Gi Young
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.313-321
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    • 2019
  • Diatomite is a silicic porous sedimentary rock composed of diatom frustules, used for filtration aid, filler, absorbent, abrasive, carrier, insulator, and fertilizer. During the calcination of diatomite to improve physical properties for filtration-aid application, amorphous silica is transformed to cristobalite. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy studies were carried out for 17 diatomite samples, showing that 16 diatomite samples contain cristobalite in the range of 6~100 %. Concentration of respirable cristobalite in air is regulated as harmful substances, but the residual cristobalite in food is treated as generally safe substance. The determination procedure of cristobalite content in food was established for managing food safety. Calibration curve of cristobalite filtered on silver membrane were obtained by X-ray diffraction. The lower limit of quantification was evaluated as 2.7 mg. The cristobalite was not detected in the analyses of selected food samples using the established procedure.

Occurrence and Applied-mineralogical Characterization of Diatomite from the Pohang-Gampo Area (포항-감포 지역산 규조토의 산출상태와 응용광물학적 특성)

  • Noh, Jin-Hwan
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.311-324
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    • 2006
  • In the Pohang-Gampo area, several diatomite beds occurred in mostly thinner than 1 m are embedded in the Pohang Formation of marine environment and the pyroclastic Eoil Formation. The diatomite from the Eoil Formation is constituting the high-grade ore altered slightly by diagenesis. In contrast, the diatomite intercalated within the upper horizon of the Yeonil Group is comparatively low-grade and highly altered in places. During diagenesis, an increasing of crystallinity of opal, i.e., the original mineral component of diatom, results in ultimately the mineral transition to quartz with accompanying a drastic change in morphology and texture of the altered diatomite. The diagenetic alteration appears to have undergone by way of the chemical diagenesis, which is largely controlled by degree of fluid contact, rather than burial diagenesis. For the diatomite from the Pohang-Gampo area, careful SEM observations, XRD, chemical analyses, and determination of specific surface area were done to identify the fossil species, mineral and chemical composition, and other physical properties in the view of assesment of grade and quality. The domestic diatomite ores are evaluated to be not good in grade and quality, compared to those of famous foreign localities. However, some diatomite deposits of marin,: origin from the Pohang Formation is constituting a peculiar clay-rich type, i.e., moler applicable to the special usage such as a manufacturing of lightweight brick. Because such a diatomite is frequently intercalated relatively as a thicker bed in the upper part of the Yeonil Group, a systematic and careful investigation should be done for the exploitation and development of an economic diatomite deposit of the moler type.

Paleoenvironmental Research Using Diatoms from Core Sediments in the Heuksan Mud belt, Korea (흑산 니질대 코어퇴적물에서 산출된 규조를 이용한 고환경 연구)

  • Bak, Young-Suk;Chang, Tae Soo
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.325-331
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    • 2016
  • Three diatom assemblage zones were erected from HMB-103 core sediment of the Heuksan Mud Belt. The paleoenvironmental changes were reconstructed basing on diatom analyses using indicator species, cold and warm water species, and salinity. Seventy-six species belonging to 41 genera were identified in the core sediments. The number of diatom valves per gram of dry sediment ranged from 0.1 to $15.4{\times}10^4g^{-1}$. As a result, diatom assemblage I in about 45,000 yr B.P showed a high abundance in cold species indicating a major influence by the Korea Coastal Current. Diatom assemblage II from 14,000 to 11,646 yr B.P is characterized by rare abundance and indicative of the cold periods at Younger Dryas with the lower sea-level. However, diatom assemblage III from 11,646 yr B.P to Holocene was more affected by the Yellow Sea Warm Current while the progressive sea level rise.

Diatom Succession Representing the Paleoclimatic Change from Laminated Sediments around Antarctica (남극 엽층리 퇴적물로부터 규조 종을 이용한 고기후 변화 연구)

  • Bak, Young-Suk;Yoon, Ho Il;Yoo, Kyu-Cheul;Lee, Young-Up
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.190-197
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the paleoclimatic change using diatoms that were extracted from the high-resolution laminated layers of diatom ooze sediment cores GC08-EB01 in the eastern basin of the Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. The range of diatom valves per gram of dry sediment was from $0.4-4.2{\times}10^8g^{-1}$ in quantitative diatom assemblage analysis. Laminations are classified using visually dominant diatom species and terrigenous content. Biogenic diatom ooze laminae characterised by bloom of Corethron crilophilum, Eucampia antarctica, Fragilariopsis curta, F. kerguelensis, Odontella weissflogii, Proboscia inermis, R. styliformis, Thalassiosira antarctica, and Chaetoceros resting spores. Terrigenous laminae characterised by mixed diatom assemblage. The ratio of (Fragilariopsis curta+F. cylindrus)/Thalassiosira antarctica increase in horizons, suggesting increased sea-ice cover in the study area during the late Holocene (cold events). As a result, five cold events are identified on the basis of frequency of the critical taxa throughout the section.

Quantitative Reconstruction of Sea Level Change Using Diatom-Based Transfer Function at Sinduk-ri, Gochang-Gun Since the Middle Holocene (규조기반 전이함수를 활용한 Holocene 중기 이후 고창군 신덕리 일대의 정량적 해수면 변동)

  • Kim, Jeong-Yun;Yoon, Soon-Ock;Yang, Dong Yoon;Hwang, Sangill
    • Journal of The Geomorphological Association of Korea
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2017
  • This study is quantitative reconstruction of palaeo sea level records around Sinduk-ri, Gochang-Gun. 7 cores were collected from GC14 to GC18 in order to examine the entire sedimentary facies and reconstruct the sea level records. The cores were analysed by AMS, sedimentary facies, diatom and WA-pls. As a result of the diatom analysis, diatom zone were classified as No diatom zone, B1 zone, M zone and B2 zone. The result of WA-pls was that the sea level was about 1.5m lower than the present level around 6,000 BP and about 1m lower during last 5,000 BP. Thereafter, sea level rose to the present during the Mc sub-diatom zone period. Moreover, during the Md sub-diatom zone period, sea level was about 0.5m higher than the present.

Sea Level Change during the Middle Holocene at Bibong-ri, Changnyeong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea (창녕 비봉리 지역의 Holocene 중기 해수면변동)

  • Hwang, Sangill;Kim, Jeong-Yun;Yoon, Soon-Ock
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.837-855
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    • 2013
  • The remains and relics such as wood vessel, shell middens and acorn hollows related to marine environments were excavated at Bibong-ri, Changnyeong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea, approximately 70km apart from the Nakdong River mouth. The sea-level changes were reconstructed based on characteristics of shell middens and acorn hollows, sedimentary facies, AMS dating, and diatom analysis. The shell middens and acorn hollows were constructed during the early Neolithic Age and provide information on the paleo-sea level, because of influences of marine processes. The sedimentary facies are classified into a bedrock, base gravel and Holocene sediment (marine, terrestrial and back marsh sediments), upward. The sea level fluctuated during the middle Holocene is in harmony with those in Sejuk-ri, Ulsan and Pyeongtaek. In particular, the sea level at Bibong-ri of study area was higher than the mean high tidal level in Gimhae by approximately 1m during 5,000yr BP and maintained the stable condition during 4,000yr BP.

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Analysis of the Epilithic Diatom Community and Comparison of Water Quality in the Kumho River (금호강의 부착규조 군집분석과 수질 변화비교)

  • Choi, Jaesin;Chae, Hyunsik;Kim, Han-soon
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2015
  • In order to assess the water quality of Kumho river using Diatom Assemblage Index to organic water pollution (DAIpo) and to campare from the previous water quality, 5 sites in Kumho river were selected and assessed total of 6 times, every April and September from April 2010 to September 2012. As a result, 116 taxa were found in 2 Order, 3 Suborder, 7 Families, 26 Genera, 103 species and 13 varieties. Saprophilous species of 10 dominant species including Achnanthes minutissima, were increased as going to downstream sites. Correlation coefficients (r) between epilithic diatom communities and physicochemical factors were from - 0.62 to 0.71. Correlation coefficients (r) between TN and diatom indices (DAIpo, TDI) were 0.57 and 0.65, respectively. Therefore, epilithic diatom communities were greatly influenced by TN. The Correlation between DAIpo and TDI measured to be high in correlation coefficient (r=0.62) from the result of correlation analysis. Mean of DAIpo values ranged between 37.24~74.98 and decreased as going to downstream sites. Saprobic level was estimated as ${\beta}$-oligosaprobic at st. 1, ${\alpha}$-oligosaprobic at st. 2 and ${\beta}$-mesosaprobic at st. 3. But st. 4 and 5 which were ${\alpha}$-mesosaprobic and polysaprobic in the previous results, were improved as ${\beta}$-mesosaprobic. The RPId, general assessment of the water quality using DAIpo, was 52.27, which means the water quality of Kumho river was middle level.

Environmental Changes and Embankment Addition of Reservoir Gonggeomji, Sangju City between Late Silla- and Early Goryeo dynasty (나말여초 상주 공검지의 환경 변화와 제방 증축)

  • Hwang, Sangill;Kim, Jeong-yun;Yoon, Soon-Ock
    • Journal of The Geomorphological Association of Korea
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.165-180
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    • 2014
  • Embankment of reservoir Gonggeomji in Sangju has been continuously added since the construction. After approximately 1220 yr BP of late Unified Silla dynasty when the embankment was firstly constructed, there were piled up four times with an interval of approximately 50 years until ca. 980 yr BP of late Goryeo dynasty. The first two times were relatively piled up high, while another two times were made slightly high. After addition of embankment, water level gradually became low and the quality also bad with increase of benthic- and epipitic diatoms than planktonic ones. Shoaling of reservoir was probably resulted from severe vegetation destructions on the small river basins flowing into Gonggeomji. After approximately 980 yr BP, water level rose during approximately 50 years due to precipitation increase.