• Title/Summary/Keyword: ${\alpha}$-toco

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Antioxidant Characteristics in the Leaves of 14 Coniferous Trees under Field Conditions

  • Han, Sim-Hee;Lee, Jae-Cheon;Lee, Wi Young;Park, YoungKi;Oh, Chang-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.95 no.2
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    • pp.209-215
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    • 2006
  • We investigated antioxidant capacity in leaves of 14 coniferous trees under field conditions. We focused on understanding the species characteristics on antioxidant systems and screening the coniferous tree species with the best antioxidant systems using their characteristics. The antioxidant capacity of 14 coniferous trees was divided into three groups. First group was Thuja orientalis and Chamaecyparis obtusa and those species had the highest content of ${\beta}$-carotene and xanthophyll. Second group, C. obtusa and Juniperus chinensis, used antioxidant enzymes to mitigate stress. C. obtusa represented high activity at superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GR), and peroxidase (POD), and J. chinensis exhibited high activity at SOD, POD, catalase (CAT). Third group employed antioxidant such as ascorbic acid and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol. The antioxidant content of T. orientalis was the highest while that of Pinus parviflora and C. obtusa were the lowest. Few species belonged in three groups simultaneously, and most species belonged in at least one or two groups. In summary, we proposed that C. obtusa and T. orientalis had the highest antioxidant capacity while P. parviflora and P. desiflora for. multicalus had the lowest antioxidant capacity.

Effects of FUll-FEat Flax Seed, $\alpha$-Tocopherol and Selenium on the Expression of cell Surface Antigen of Broiler Chickens (아마종실과 $\alpha$-Tocopherol, 셀레늄 급여가 육계의 세포표면항원 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • 안종남;채현석;문진산;김동운;권명상;박병성
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 2001
  • To examine the effects of feed additives on the expression of perpheral blood cell surface molecules, phagocytosis and antigen specific antibody formation, broilers were randomly assigned to $T_{1}$ , $T_{2}$ , $T_{3}$ , and $T_{4}$ groups. $T_{1}$ group was fed diet without any additives for 13 weeks, $T_{2}$ was fed diet with full fat flax, $T_{3}$ was fed diet with full fat flax containing $\alpha$-tocopherol, and $T_{4}$ was fed diet with full- fat flax containing $\alpha$-tocopherol and selenium. Since 5 weeks feeding the data were examined by flow cytometry using a panel of monoclonal antibodies. The expression of monocyte in all treated groups was significantly increased, in which the ratio of expression in $T_{3}$ group was especially evident. B cell expression of all treated groups was increased more than 2 fold. The expression of CD4+(helper T cell) cell and CD8+(cytotox$ic^pressor T cell) cell of all treated groups also was increased.ed.

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