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Analysis of the Types of Dementia Patients for Development of Clothes for Dementia Patient in Nursing Homes

요양시설 치매환자복 디자인 개발을 위한 치매환자의 유형 분석

  • Park, Kwang Ae (Dept. of Fashion Design, Daegu Catholic University) ;
  • Yang, Chung Eun (Dept. of Fashion Design, Daegu Catholic University) ;
  • Lee, Jae Hyang (Dept. of Fashion Design, Daegu Catholic University) ;
  • Kim, Hee-Jung (College of Nursing, Daegu Catholic University)
  • 박광애 (대구가톨릭대학교 패션디자인과) ;
  • 양정은 (대구가톨릭대학교 패션디자인과) ;
  • 이재향 (대구가톨릭대학교 패션디자인과) ;
  • 김희정 (대구가톨릭대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2021.05.14
  • Accepted : 2021.08.13
  • Published : 2021.10.31

Abstract

This study aims to obtain basic data to develop clothes for dementia patients by classifying types of dementia patients. Data was collected from those dementia patients who entered a nursing home. This study analyzed a total of 221 sheets. Furthermore, descriptive statistics, cross-tabulation, and K-means clustering were performed for statistical processing using Minitab 14. As a result, dementia patients were classified into four types: inactive-dependent, active-problematic behavior, activity-autonomy, and inactive-offensive. Inactive-dependent type was a group with the most severe disability in cognitive and daily activity functions; however, they lacked behavioral and psychological symptoms and problematic behavior with clothes. Active-problematic behavior type showed the most behavioral and psychological problems and problematic behavior with clothes. Activity-autonomy type was a group without any problematic behaviors. Moreover, the inactive-offensive type had very good cognitive function toward humans. The study imply that it is necessary to provide clothes with proper functions based on the types of patients rather than providing them uniform clothes because clinical and clothes behaviors differ significantly depending on the types of dementia patients.

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