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Effects of Flipped Learning through EBSmath on Mathematics Learning and Mathematical Dispositions

EBSmath를 활용한 거꾸로 수업이 수학 학습과 수학적 성향에 미치는 영향

  • Oh, Hyejin (Beodeul Elementary School) ;
  • Park, Sungsun (Chuncheon National University of Education)
  • 오혜진 (원주버들초등학교) ;
  • 박성선 (춘천교육대학교)
  • Received : 2021.10.06
  • Accepted : 2021.10.26
  • Published : 2021.10.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of flipped learning through EBSmath on Students' 'rate and ratio' learning. By increasing demands for change in education, an innovative teaching and learning paradigm, 'Flipped Learning', has been presented and drawing attentions. In South Korea, Flipped Learning is also highly recognized for its effectiveness by many scholars and various media. However, this innovative learning model has limitations in application and expansion due to the excessive burden of class preparation of teachers. As remote learning becomes more active, it would be possible to overcome the limitations of Filliped learning by using the platform provided by the Korea Educational Broadcasting System (EBS). EBSmath is an online learning module that is designed to assist students' self-directed learning. Thus, EBSmath would reduce teachers' burden to prepare mathematics classes for the application of Flipped Learning; and led to students' better understanding of mathematical concepts and problem solving. In this study, the effect of Flipped Learning through EBSmath on learning 'rate and ratio' was investigated. In order to scrutinize the effects of flipped learning, students' achievement and mathematical disposition were examined and analyzed. Students' achievement, specifically, was divided into two subcategories: concept understanding and problem solving. As a result, Flipped learning through EBSmath had a positive effect on students' 'rate and ratio' problem solving. In addition, a statistically significant change was identified in the 'willingness', which is subdomain of students' mathematical disposition.

'거꾸로 수업'으로 번역되는 플립드 러닝은 여러 연구와 매체들을 통하여 그 효과성을 인정받고 있으나 활용 시 교사에게 주어지는 지나친 수업 준비 부담의 한계를 지니고 있다. 그러나 온라인 러닝이 활성화됨에 따라 한국교육방송공사(EBS)가 제공하는 플랫폼(EBSmath)을 활용하면, 거꾸로 수업에 대한 교사의 수업 부담을 극복할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 거꾸로 수업 모델로 EBSmath를 활용하여 '비와 비율'의 학습하였을 때, 초등학교 6학년 학생들의 수학 학습 성취도와 수학적 성향에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 이 중 수학 학습 성취도는 '개념 이해'와 '문제해결력'으로 구분하여 분석하였다. 연구 결과 EBSmath를 활용한 거꾸로 수업은 학생들의 비와 비율 문제 해결에 긍정적인 영향을 미쳤으며, 수학적 성향 중 '의지' 면에서 통계적으로 유의한 변화가 확인되었다.

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