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Development and Validation of Authenticity Scale

진정성 척도 개발과 타당화

  • Kim, Youngjun (Department of Psychology, Ajou University) ;
  • Kim, Young-il (Department of Psychology, Ajou University) ;
  • Lee, Heungchul (Net Intelligence & Research) ;
  • Kim, Kyungil (Department of Psychology, Ajou University)
  • 김영준 (아주대학교 심리학과) ;
  • 김영일 (아주대학교 심리학과) ;
  • 이흥철 (엔아이리서치) ;
  • 김경일 (아주대학교 심리학과)
  • Received : 2021.09.10
  • Accepted : 2021.09.10
  • Published : 2021.09.30

Abstract

Authenticity is the opposite of hypocrisy or deceitful living in philosophy. While various positive factors that humans experience in life based on authenticity have been studied abroad, most of the studies in Korea that tried to measure authenticity did not take into account the characteristics of Korean culture or were developed only for the purpose of use in a limited domain or specific purpose. In this study, based on the specificity of Korean culture, we developed a measure of authenticity that researchers can use universally. To this end, the items constituting the existing authenticity scale and the items reflecting the cultural value of Korean society, which value social relationships, are integrated. The results of exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis indicated that authenticity consists of three factors: self-awareness, behavioral authenticity, and relationship authenticity. In addition, criterion validity was verified based on correlations with life satisfaction, mindfulness, self-esteem, HEXACO, social desirability, self-regulation focus, and emotional diversity. These results suggest that the authenticity scale of this study is a reliable and valid measure, and is expected to be an important tool for empirical individual differences research on authenticity in everyday life in Korean population.

진정성은 철학에서 위선이나 기만적인 삶의 반대 개념이다. 진정성에 기초해 인간이 삶에서 경험하는 다양한 긍정적 요인들이 해외에서는 연구되어 온 반면, 진정성 측정을 시도한 국내 연구들은 대부분 한국 문화의 특징들을 고려하지 않았거나 특정 분야의 사용 목적으로만 개발되었다. 본 연구에서는 한국 문화의 특수성에 기반하여 연구자들이 보편적으로 사용할 수 있는 진정성 척도를 개발했다. 이를 위해, 기존의 진정성 척도를 구성하는 문항들과 사회적 관계를 중요시하는 한국 사회의 문화적 가치를 반영하는 문항들을 통합했다. 그 결과, 탐색적 요인분석과 확인적 요인분석을 통해 진정성은 자기 인식, 행동 진정성, 관계 진정성의 세 가지 요인으로 구성된다는 사실을 확인하였다. 또한 삶의 만족도, 마음챙김, 자아존중감, HEXACO, 사회적 바람직성, 자기조절초점, 정서다양성과의 상관관계를 분석하여, 준거타당도를 검증하였다. 이러한 결과는 새로운 진정성 척도가 신뢰롭고 타당한 도구라는 것을 의미하였고, 일상에서의 진정성에 대한 경험적 개인차 연구에 중요한 도구가 될 것으로 기대된다.

Keywords

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