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Effect of Foreign Investors' Trade Amount by Nationality on Korean Stock Market

한국주식시장에 대한 국적별 외국인 투자자 거래대금의 영향

  • Cho, Jae-Ho (Dept. of Economics, Soongsil University)
  • Received : 2021.05.27
  • Accepted : 2021.08.20
  • Published : 2021.08.28

Abstract

According to the equity home bias theory, foreign investors are considered to have less information than native investors. However, as the economy becomes liberalized and overseas economic innovation has a great influence on the local economy, it is possible for foreign investors to invest as informed traders. This study analyzes whether information on trade amount by nationality has specific characteristics. The findings are summarized as follows. First, the increase in trading by foreign investors has negative effects on stock returns. There is no significant difference in these negative effects by nationality. This means that foreign investors show strong herd behavior regardless of nationality. Second, foreigners' investment activities increase stock price volatility, but the impact is not significant. Third, the behavior of foreign investors is still positive feedback. However, there are signs that positive feedback behavior may be changing, especially for funds from the United States and the Cayman Islands. Finally, tax haven zone funds have different investment strategies than other foreign investors. However, Cayman Islands funds, which are estimated to be closely related to Korea, are different from Luxembourg and Ireland funds. These findings undermine the fundamentals of the equity home bias theory.

주식자국편향이론에 따르면 외국인 투자자는 국내 투자자보다 정보가 적은 것으로 간주된다. 그러나 경제가 개방되어 가고 해외경제 혁신이 국내 경제에 큰 영향을 미치면 외국인 투자자가 정보보유자(informed trader)로서 투자할 가능성이 있다. 본 연구에서는 국적별 거래대금 정보에 독특한 특징이 있는지를 분석하였다. 이 연구가 발견한 것은 다음과 같이 요약할 수 있다. 첫째, 외국인 투자자의 거래 증가는 주식 수익률에 부(-)의 효과를 가진다. 이 부(-)의 효과는 국적에 따라 큰 차이가 없다. 이는 외국인 투자자들이 국적에 관계없이 강한 무리행동을 보인다는 것을 의미한다. 둘째, 외국인의 투자활동은 주가 변동성을 증가시키지만 그 영향은 크지 않다. 셋째, 외국인의 투자행태는 여전이 포지티브 피드백이다. 그러나 포지티브 피드백은 변화조짐이 있으며, 특히 미국과 케이만 제도의 펀드의 경우에 그러하다. 끝으로 조세피난처 펀드는 다른 외국인 투자자와 다른 투자전략을 가지고 있다. 그러나 한국과 밀접한 관련이 있는 것으로 추정되는 케이맨 제도 펀드는 룩셈부르크와 아일랜드 펀드와는 다른 양상을 가지고 있다. 이러한 결과들은 주식자국편향이론의 기반을 약화시킨다.

Keywords

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