국내외 천문 교육 프로그램 관련 연구 동향 비교 분석

  • 최하늘 (이화여자대학교 과학교육학과) ;
  • 신동희 (이화여자대학교 과학교육학과)
  • Received : 2020.09.17
  • Accepted : 2021.01.05
  • Published : 2021.04.30


Astronomy is one of the recurrent comtemporary issues in the mass media where news related to comets, new exoplanets, satellites, space tests, etc., frequently appear. From this perspective, students at all levels are especially motivated to learn astronomy. Nevertheless, students' interest does not improve their astronomical knowledge, which leads students' difficulty in understanding astronomy in school science. In this context, we felt the need to review astronomy education research trends in domestic and other countries, especially focused on the education programs. The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the program characteristics during last three decades. The total number of analyzed cases is 88(89 for double counting). As a result, we found different characteristics of program types and learning methods between Korea and other countries. Based on the results of this study, we suggested the direction to improve the astronomy education in Korea.


  1. Chae, D. H., 2000, Influence of an Astronomical Observation Program on Preservice Elementary Teachers Astronomy Achievement, Astronomy Teaching Efficacy Beliefs, and Scientific Attitude, Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, 18, 79
  2. Choi, J. T., Lee, K. Y., & Park, J. Y., 2018, Analysing Astronomical Thinking of Elementary, Middle, and High School Students using Ordered Multiple Choice Items, Journal of Korean Society of Earth Science Education, 11, 125
  3. Choi, J. T., Lee, K. Y., & Park, J. Y., 2019, The Development and Application of an Astronomy Education Program Reflecting Astronomical Thinking: A Case of Planetarium Class at Science Museum, Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society, 40, 86
  4. Choi, S. E., 2002, Understanding of Astronomy for Teachers, Seoul National University (Seoul), pp. 59-75
  5. Colantonio, A. et al., 2017, A Teaching Module about Stellar Structure and Evolution, Physics Education, 52, 13
  6. Huwe, P. & Field, S., 2015, Modern Gravitational Lens Cosmology for Introductory Physics and Astronomy Students, The Physics Teacher, 53, 266
  7. Ian, T., Miles, B., & Alister, J., 2003, Promoting Mental Model Building in Astronomy Education, International Journal of Science Education, 25, 1205
  8. Kim, K. M., Park, Y. S., & Choe, S. U., 2008, Analysis of Scientific Inquiry Activities in the Astronomy Section of School Science Textbooks, Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society, 29, 204
  9. Kim, S. S., 2010, The Effect of the Classes Exploring Science Focusing Problems Discovery on the Gifted Students, KGT, 9, 37
  10. Kim, W. S. & Shim, H. J., 2017, The Role of Planetarium in Astronomy Education, BKAS, 42, 48
  11. Kim, W. S. & Shim, H. J., 2018, Effects of the Planetarium Lesson on Students' Understanding of Astronomical Concepts, Journal of Science Education, 42, 49
  12. Kim, W. S., 2017, Effects of the Astronomy Education Program using Planetarium. Master thesis, Kyungpook National University (Daegu)
  13. Koo, J. H., 2000, The Correlation between Conception of Celestial Motion and Spatial Ability in High school. Master thesis, Korea National University of Education (Chungbuk)
  14. Kwak, M. H., Shin, Y. J., & Lee, J. H., 2019, J. Research trend in Earth Science Education: based on an application of data mining, Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction, 19, 1311
  15. Kwon, Y. I. & Sohn, J. J., 2015, The Development and Application of SMART Teaching-Learning Program about 'Movement of Earth and Moon' for Scientifically Gifted Elementary Students, Journal of School Science, 9, 1
  16. Laudan. R., 1987, From mineralogy to geology: The foundations of a science 2nd ed, Chicago Press (Chicago), pp. 417-430
  17. Lee, J. H. & Baek, S. H., 2015, Development and Application of Remote Observatory System for Elementary School Gifted Students in Science, Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, 25, 697
  18. Lee, S. J., 2002, The Effects of Learning Spatial Abilities on Achievement in Astronomy. Master thesis, Seoul National University (Seoul)
  19. Lyu, B. Y., 2012, The Effects of Science Field Trip in Astronomy on Conceptual Change of Elementary Students. Master thesis, Korea National University of Education (Seoul)
  20. Maeng, S. H., Lee, K. Y., Park, Y. S., Lee, J. A., & Oh, H. S, 2014, Development and Validation of a Learning Progression for Astronomical systems using Ordered Multiple-choice Items, Journal of the Korean Association for Science Education, 34, 703
  21. Ministry of Education (교육부), 2017, the Korean Science Curriculum for 1-12 grades (과학과 교육과정), Ministry of Education Press (Sejong), pp. 198-224
  22. Ministry of Education and Science Technology, 2007, Elementary School Teacher's Guidebook for 5-6 grades Vol. 1, Kumsung press (Seoul), pp.287-320
  23. Monica G., 2001, Astrobiology, Smithsonian Institution Press (Washington, D.C.), pp. 20-31
  24. National Research Council, 2012, A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Cross cutting concepts, and Core ideas, National Academies Press (Washington, D.C.), pp. 169-200
  25. Oh, H. S. & Lee, K. Y., 2018, Exploring 6th graders Learning Progression for Lunar Phase Change: Focusing on astronomical systems thinking, Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society, 39, 103
  26. Oh, P. S. & Kim, C. J., 2005, A Theoretical Study on Abduction as a Inquiry Method in Earth Science, Journal of the Korean Association for in Science Education. 25, 610
  27. Piaget, J., 1952, The language and thought of the child 3rd ed. Routledge & Kegan-Paul (London), pp. 172-288
  28. Piaget, J., 1965, The moral judgement of the child, The Free Press (New York), pp. 358-416
  29. Plummer, J. D. & Krajcik, J., 2010, Building a Learning Progression for Celestial Motion: Elementary levels from an Earth-based Perspective, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 47, 768
  30. Plummer, J. D., 2009, Early Elementary Students' Development of Astronomy Concepts in the Planetarium, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 46, 192
  31. Plummer, J. D., 2014, Spatial Thinking as the Dimension of Progress in an Astronomy Learning Progression, Studies in Science Education, 50, 1
  32. Ruangsuwan, C. & Arayathanitkul, K., 2009, A Low-Cost Celestial Globe for Hands-on Astronomy, Physics Education, 44, 503
  33. Slater, T. F. & Tatge, C. B., 2017, Research on Teaching Astronomy in the Planetarium, Springer International Publishing (Switzerland AG), pp. 1-27
  34. Stephen, A. G. & Michel Z., 2019, Introductory Astronomy and Astrophysics, CENGAGE Learning Korea Ltd (Seoul). pp. 0
  35. Turk, C. & Kalkan, H., 2015, The Effect of Planetariums on Teaching Speific Astronomy Concepts, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 24, 1