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A Qualitative Study on the Successful Aging Perception of Retirees by Age

연령별 은퇴자의 성공적 노화 인식에 관한 질적 연구

  • 정주영 (고신대학교 일반대학원 사회복지학과) ;
  • 이미란 (고신대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2021.02.15
  • Accepted : 2021.03.20
  • Published : 2021.03.28

Abstract

This study utilizes PhotoVoice, a qualitative research method, to explore the life experiences of retirees by age in depth and derive the social welfare implications required for successful aging of retirees. Two participants in the study were selected in their 70s, 60s, and 50s, and 24 photos, explanations, 44 stories, and 92 data collected through group activities and personal interviews were analyzed. With the perception of successful aging, those in their 70s were "Preparing for a High Level of Social Responsibility and Dignity," those in their 60s were "Life of Social Responsibility and Service with Embarrassment and Boeun," and those in their 50s were "Life of Self-reliance with Economic Stability and Consideration." In order to prevent social problems for retirees with longer old age, research and social welfare policy support for their social jobs and volunteer positions are urgently needed, and the sooner the preparatory education is implemented so that they can prepare enough. This study is significant in that it played an important role in presenting basic data for the preparation of social welfare alternatives for retirees.

본 연구는 연령별 은퇴자들의 삶의 경험을 심층적으로 탐구하여 이를 바탕으로 은퇴자들의 성공적 노화에 요구되는 사회 복지적 함의를 도출하고자 질적 연구방법인 포토보이스를 활용하였다. 연구 참여자는 70대, 60대, 50대 각 2명씩 선정하였고, 집단 활동과 개인면담으로 수집한 사진 24장, 설명 24건, 이야기 44건, 총 92건의 자료를 분석한 결과, 성공적 노화의 인식으로 70대는 <사회적 책임감과 품위 있는 높은 경지의 삶을 준비함>, 60대는 <비움과 보은의 자세로 사회적 책임과 봉사의 삶>, 50대는 <경제적 안정과 배려로 자립하는 삶>이었다. 노년기가 길어진 은퇴자들의 사회적 문제를 예방하는 차원에서 이들의 사회적 일자리와 봉사자리 마련에 대한 연구와 사회복지정책지원이 시급하며, 또한 충분한 준비를 할 수 있도록 준비교육의 시행기간이 빠를수록 좋을 것으로 사료된다. 본 연구는 은퇴자를 위한 노년기 사회 복지적 대안 마련의 기초자료 제시에 중요한 역할을 한 점에서 연구의 의의를 가진다.

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