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Development of STEAM Diagnostic Evaluation Tool to Strengthen the Implementation of STEAM Education

STEAM 교육의 실행 강화를 위한 학교 STEAM 역량 진단 도구 개발

  • Park, HyunJu (Chosun University) ;
  • Sim, Jaeho (Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Ji-Ae (Korea Institute of Energy Technology) ;
  • Lee, Youngtae (Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation)
  • 박현주 (조선대학교) ;
  • 심재호 (부산대학교) ;
  • 이지애 (한국에너지공과대학교) ;
  • 이영태 (한국교육과정평가원)
  • Received : 2021.10.12
  • Accepted : 2021.11.22
  • Published : 2021.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop an instrument for school STEAM education diagnostic assessment. Literature reviews, the developmental study of a prototype instrument, experts' advices, and pilot study were administrated. The school STEAM education diagnostic assessment was consist of five areas: 'STEM education action and sustainability plan,' 'STEAM curriculum and instruction,' 'STEAM professional development,' 'process-based evaluation,' and 'community and partnerships.' Each area had one to five sub-areas. A total of 14 diagnosis items were developed, including items that can diagnose the school's STEAM environment base and STEAM education execution level at the school unit and member level for each area. The validation of the diagnostic assessment was conducted through the content validity of the expert group and the validity of a survey targeting school teachers. For applying the instrument for STEAM Education School Assessment to schools, a total of 267 elementary, middle, and high schools participated. As a result, the average of the five areas was 1.46 to 2.18. This instrument comprehensively diagnoses and evaluates the implementation and effectiveness of STEAM education in schools, and is expected to be used as basic data and core data for implementing STEAM education.

이 연구의 목적은 학교 STEAM 교육의 실행과 교육환경 기반을 진단하고 평가할 수 있는 학교 STEAM 교육 역량 진단 도구를 개발하는 것이다. 진단 도구의 개발은 STEAM 교육의 평가 또는 성과와 관련된 문헌 조사, 연구진의 반성적 재검토, 전문가 및 현장교사의 타당도 검증 등으로 이루어졌다. 학교 STEAM 교육 역량 진단 도구는 'STEAM 교육의 실천과 지속가능성의 계획', 'STEAM 교육과정 및 교수학습 방법', 'STEAM 학습 전문성 개발', '과정 중심 평가', '고등 교육 기관, 산업 파트너, 기술 센터와 연계 구축' 등 5개 영역과 하위영역의 총 14문항으로 구성된다. 학교 STEAM 역량 진단 도구의 타당화는 전문가의 내용 타당도 검증과 예비조사(pilot study)의 학교 교사의 실제에 의한 타당도를 통해 진행하였다. 개발된 학교 STEAM 역량 진단 도구를 활용하여 초등, 중, 고등학교 267개교를 진단한 결과, 5개 영역 평균이 1.46 ~ 2.18의 수준으로 나타났다. 이 진단 도구는 학교의 STEAM 교육의 실행 및 효과를 포괄적으로 진단·평가하고, 우리나라 STEAM 교육의 실행을 진단하고 이해하는데 기초 자료로 활용될 것으로 기대한다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

이 논문은 2019년 한국과학창의재단의 지원을 받아 수행된 '융합교육 종합계획 수립을 위한 기초연구(연구보고 BD19090001)' 결과보고서의 일부 내용을 재구조화한 것임.

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