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Exploring the Research Trend Changes on Convergence Education of Before and After 2011 in Science Education

2011년 전후의 과학교육분야에서의 융합교육 연구동향의 변화 탐색

  • Received : 2020.09.21
  • Accepted : 2020.10.31
  • Published : 2020.10.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore the research trend changes of convergence education since 2011 compared to the convergence education research that has been steadily continuing in science education. The trend in convergence education were investigated by comparing the number of publications, research subjects, research content, and topic linkages with previous studies, and using the network analysis method to check recent research trends. In the field of science education, the number of papers related to convergence education has been published more than 8.0% steadily, and it has been increasing since 2012, then decreasing again from 2015 and gradually increasing again from 2017. The subjects of study were high in elementary school students, while those in middle school, high school, and university students were low. While the number of in-service teachers increased, the number of pre-service teachers decreased, and the literature and public increased somewhat. In study content, effectiveness studies decreased, while development studies increased, and theoretical and perception studies appeared similar. In thematic linkage, the intra-science linkage was 23.9%, and the extra-science linkage was 76.1% and engineering/technology and art were high in extra-science linkage. In network analysis, elementary, science, STEAM, and program words have a high frequency of appearance and appear together with other words to lead the network. The educational implications of the research trend of convergence education will be more emphasized in the field of science education in the future, and in order to take root in the education field, research on secondary students should be more actively studied. In addition, it is necessary to move away from research on STEAM-centered program development and effects, and to increase research to establish the philosophical basis and theoretical of convergence education.

이 연구의 목적은 과학교육분야에서 꾸준히 지속해 오고 있는 융합교육을 선행연구와 비교를 통해 2011년 이후 융합교육 연구동향의 변화를 알아보고자 하였다. 과학교육분야의 융합교육관련 논문 발행 편수, 연구대상, 연구내용, 주제연계를 선행연구와 비교 분석하고, 최근 연구동향을 알아보는 네트워크 분석방법을 활용하여 융합교육의 변화를 알아보았다. 과학교육분야에서 융합교육관련 논문 편수는 8.0%이상 꾸준하게 발행되었으며 2012년부터 증가했다가 다시 2015년부터 낮아지고 2017년부터 다시 서서히 증가하는 경향성이 나타났다. 연구대상은 초등학생 대상이 높은 반면 중학생, 고등학생, 대학생 대상은 낮았다. 현직 교사는 증가한 반면에 예비 교사는 감소했고, 문헌과 일반은 다소 증가하였다. 연구내용에서 효과연구는 감소한 반면에 개발연구는 증가했으며, 이론 및 인식연구는 비슷하였다. 주제연계에서 과학 내 연계는 23.9%이고, 과학 외 연계는 76.1%이며, 과학 외 연계에서 공학·기술, 예술 연계가 높았다. 네트워크 분석에서 초등, 과학, STEAM, 프로그램 단어는 출현빈도가 높은 동시에 다른 단어들과 함께 등장하여 네트워크를 주도하고 있었다. 융합교육 연구동향에 대한 교육적 함의는 앞으로 과학교육분야에서 융합교육은 지속될 것이며, 교육 현장에 뿌리를 내리기 위해서는 중등학생을 대상으로 하는 연구가 더욱 활발히 이루어져야 한다는 것이다. 또한 STEAM 중심의 프로그램 개발 및 효과에 대한 연구에서 벗어나 융합교육의 철학적 근거 및 이론적 확립을 위한 연구가 늘어날 필요가 있다.

Keywords

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