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A Study on Zoning and Management of Conservation Area and Ecological Management Plan on Urban Stream Using Marxan - A Case of Jungrangcheon(Stream) in Seoul -

Marxan을 이용한 도시하천의 보전지역 설정 및 생태적 관리방안 연구 - 서울시 중랑천을 대상으로 -

  • Yun, Ho-Geun (DMZ Botanic Garden, Korea National Arboretum) ;
  • Han, Bong-Ho (Dept. of Landscape Architecture, University of Seoul) ;
  • Kwak, Jeong-In (Environment Ecosystem Research Foundation)
  • 윤호근 (국립수목원 DMZ자생식물연구과) ;
  • 한봉호 (서울시립대학교 조경학과) ;
  • 곽정인 ((재)환경생태연구재단)
  • Received : 2020.07.28
  • Accepted : 2020.08.31
  • Published : 2020.10.31

Abstract

This study presented a plan for the establishment of conservation areas and the ecological management of those areas in the stream based on the Marxan with Zones Program for a Jungrangcheon Stream in downtown Seoul. The application of the Marxan with Zones Program included the stage of planning unit setting, application of mapping indices, numerical correction for repetitive analysis, creation of scenario-specific optimizations through analysis, analysis of sensitivity by scenario, review, and the selection of optimal plans among the scenarios considered. As a result of the establishment of a conservation area near Jungrangcheon Stream, which has several watershed areas, including an upper-middle-class wildlife protection zone, which was previously designated and managed as a conservation area, and the migratory protection zone downstream of Jungrangcheon Stream were designated as key conservation areas. A number of wild birds were observed in the upper reaches of Jungrangcheon Stream, adjacent to the forests of Suraksan Mountain and Dobongsan Mountain. The downstream area is a habitat for migratory birds that travel along the stream and the adjacent river ecosystem, including the Hangang River confluence and Cheonggyecheon Stream confluence. Therefore, the upper and lower reaches of Jungrangcheon Stream are connected to forest ecosystems such as Dobongsan Mountain, Suraksan Mountain, and Eungbongsan Mountain, as well as urban green area and river ecosystems in the basin area, which influence the establishment of conservation areas. This study verified the establishment and evaluation of existing conservation areas through the Marxan with Zones Program during the verification of the conservation areas and was presented as in-stream management and basin management method to manage the basin areas derived from core conservation areas determined through the program.

본 연구는 서울시 도심 하천 중 국가하천인 중랑천을 대상으로 보전지역 설정 프로그램인 Marxan with zones 프로그램을 기반으로 한 하천 내 보전지역 설정 및 생태적 관리방안을 제시하였다. Marxan with zones 프로그램 적용은 유역권(planning unit) 설정, 맵핑지표(mapping index) 적용, 반복적인 분석을 위한 수치보정, 분석을 통한 시나리오 별 최적안 작성, 시나리오 별 민감도 분석, 시나리오 중 최적안 검토 및 선정 단계로 진행하였다. 중랑천 내 보전지역 설정 결과, 기존에 보전지역으로 지정 및 관리하고 있는 중랑천 상류 야생생물보호구역을 포함한 다수의 유역권과 중랑천 하류의 철새보호구역을 포함한 유역권이 핵심보전지역으로 설정되었다. 상류는 중랑천을 중심으로 수락산과 도봉산 등 산림이 인접하여 다수의 야생조류가 관찰되었다. 하류는 한강 합수부, 청계천 합수부 등 하천생태계가 인접하여 하천을 따라 이동하는 철새 도래지이다. 따라서 중랑천 상류와 하류는 유역권 내 도봉산, 수락산, 응봉산 등 산림생태계, 도심 내 녹지, 청계천 합수부, 한강 합수부 등 다양한 생태계와 연결되어 있어 보전지역 설정에 영향을 주었다. 본 연구는 보전지역 검증 시 Marxan with zones 프로그램을 통한 기존 보전지역 설정 및 평가를 검증하였고, 프로그램을 통해 핵심보전지역으로 도출된 유역권을 생태적으로 관리하기 위해 하천 내 관리방안과 유역권 관리방안으로 구분하여 제시하였다.

Keywords

References

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