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간호대학생의 스마트폰 중독, 수면상태, 학업성취가 정신건강에 미치는 영향

Influence of Smartphone Addiction, Sleeping Condition, Scholastic Achievement on Mental Health in Nursing Students

  • 임영순 (경북전문대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 노기옥 (건양대학교 간호학과)
  • 투고 : 2020.04.01
  • 심사 : 2020.06.04
  • 발행 : 2020.06.30

초록

본 연구는 간호대학생의 스마트폰 중독, 수면상태, 학업성취가 정신건강에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위해 시도되었다. 연구대상자는 간호대학에 재학 중인 2, 3학년 학생 185명으로, 자료수집기간은 2019년 5월 13일부터 2019년 6월 3일까지이다. 수집된 자료는 IBM SPSS/WIN 24.0프로그램을 이용하여 기술통계, Independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, 위계적 다중회귀분석으로 분석하였다. 간호대학생의 스마트폰 중독점수는 36.99점(60점 만점)이었으며, 스마트폰 중독이 심할수록 수면상태(r=.19, p=.009)와 정신건강(r=.34, p<.001)이 좋지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 간호대학생의 정신건강에 영향을 주는 변수로는 스마트폰 중독, 수면시간, 학년, 수면상태였으며, 스마트폰 중독(β=.27)이 가장 큰 영향력을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 영향요인에 의한 설명력은 20.4%였다. 따라서 간호대학생의 정신건강을 위하여 스마트폰 중독을 낮출 수 있는 다양한 프로그램의 적용과 수면에 대한 관리가 이루어져야 한다.

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