A Study on Strategic Orientation and the performance of IT Startup : The Mediating Effect of Network

IT스타트업의 전략적 지향성과 성과에 관한 연구 :네트워크 매개효과

  • Shim, Yunsoo (School of Business Administration, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Seo, Jounghae (School of Business Administration, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2020.01.29
  • Accepted : 2020.02.20
  • Published : 2020.02.29


This study aims at examining the effect of strategic orientation on IT startup performance and analyzing the mediating effect of network in the relationship. The study was conducted on the three dimensions that make up strategic orientation: technological orientation, customer orientation, competitive orientation on firm performance, and the understanding of the role of the network. Empirical research on 94 IT startups as residents of startup support institutions was conducted. The suitability of the research model was evaluated with PLS-SEM. As a result of the empirical analysis, customer orientation and competitive orientation was verified to have a positive effect on network, while Technological orientation was confirmed to have no positive effect. and network mediated the relationship between customer orientation and competitive orientation, while Technological orientation was confirmed to have no positive effect. The results of this study provide startup practitioners with strategic direction and the importance of network establishment and utilization.

본 연구는 국내 IT스타트업의 성과에 미치는 전략적 지향성에대해 알아보고, 그 관계에서 네트워크의 매개효과를 분석하는데 목적이 있다. 전략적 지향성을 구성하는 세 가지 차원인 기술지향성, 고객지향성, 경쟁지향성 각각이 성과에 미치는 영향 관계 및 네트워크의 역할 파악에 대한 연구를 수행하였다. 스타트업 지원기관 등에 입주하고 있는 94개 IT기업을 대상으로 실증연구를 완료하였으며, 연구 모형의 적합성을 평가하기 위해 PLS기반 구조방정식 모델을 사용하였다. 실증분석 결과 고객지향성과 경쟁지향성은 성과와 네트워크 모두에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었으며, 기술지향성은 성과와 네트워크 모두 긍정적 영향을 미치지 않는 것을 확인했다. 또한 고객 지향성과 경쟁지향성은 기업성과와의 관계에서 네트워크가 매개역할을 하는 것을 확인하였지만, 기술지향성과 기업성과의 관계에서 네트워크는 매개역할을 하지 못하는 것으로 확인되었다. 본 연구의 결과는 스타트업 실무자들에게 전략적 방향과 네트워크 구축 및 활용의 중요성을 시사하고 있다.


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