Cloud Computing Based Analysis Incorporated with the Internet of Things (IoT) in Nuclear Safety Assessment for Fukushima Dai-ichi Disaster

후쿠시마 다이-이치 재해에 대한 원자력 안전 평가에서 사물 인터넷 (IoT)과 통합된 클라우드 컴퓨팅 기반 분석

  • Woo, Tae-Ho (Dept. of Mechanical and Control Engineering, The Cyber University of Korea) ;
  • Jang, Kyung-Bae (Dept. of Mechanical and Control Engineering, The Cyber University of Korea)
  • 우태호 (고려사이버대학교 기계제어공학과) ;
  • 장경배 (고려사이버대학교 기계제어공학과)
  • Received : 2019.12.07
  • Accepted : 2020.01.31
  • Published : 2020.03.31


The internet of things (IoT) using cloud computing is applied to nuclear industry in which the nuclear power plant (NPP) accident is analyzed for the safety assessment. The Fukushima NPP accident is modeled for the accident simulations where the earthquake induced plant failure accident is used for analyzing the cloud computing technology. The fast and reasonable treatment in the natural disaster was needed in the case of the Fukushima. The real time safety assessment (RTSA) and the Monte-Carlo real time assessment (MCRTA) are constructed. This cloud computing could give the practicable method to prepare for the future similar accident.


  1. USGS, Earthquake Facts and Statistics, 2012.
  2. The Mainichi Daily News, Fukushima plant still needing great care a year after tsunami, the Mainichi Newspapers Co. Ltd., Japan, 2012.
  3. NIST, The NIST definition of cloud computing, special publication 800-145, National institute of standards and technology (NIST), U. S. Department of Commerce, 2012.
  4. A. Wood, The internet of things is revolutionising our lives, but standards are a must, The Guardin News and Media Limited, London, UK, 2015.
  5. A. Goscinski and M. Brock, "Toward dynamic and attribute based publication, discovery and selection for cloud computing," Future Generation Computer Systems, Vol.26, pp. 947-970, 2010.
  6. N. Sultan, "Cloud computing for education: A new dawn?" International Journal of Information Management, Vol.30, pp.109-116, 2010.
  7. S.S. Wang, K.Q. Yan and S.C. Wang, "Achieving efficient agreement within a dual-failure cloud-computing environment," Expert Systems with Applications, Vol.38, pp.906-915, 2011.
  8. L.J. Perryman, N.A.S. Foster, D.R. Nicholls and J.F. Grobbelaar, "Real-time risk assessment of operational events," Nuclear Engineerng and Design, Vol.160, pp.203-211, 1996.
  9. E. Salzano, A.G. Agreda, A.D. Carluccio and G. Fabbrocino, "Risk assessment and early warning systems for industrial facilities in seismic zones," Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Vol.94, pp.1577-1584, 2009.
  10. J. Zhou, "SPA-fuzzy method based real-time risk assessment for major hazard installations storing flammable gas," Safety Science. Vol.48, pp.819-822, 2010.
  11. World Nuclear Association (WNA), Design criteria, Nuclear Power Plants and Earthquakes, 2011.
  12. USNRC, Fact Sheet on Seismic Issues for Nuclear Power Plants, 2011.
  13. R. Grossman, "The case for cloud computing," IT Professional, Vol.11, No.2, pp.23-27, 2009.
  14. J. Voas and J. Zhang, "Cloud computing: New wine or just a new bottle, cloud computing: New wine or just a new bottle?" IT Professional, Vol.11, No.2, pp.15-17, 2009.
  15. USNRC, Recommendations for enhancing reactor safety in the 21st century, the near-term task force review of insights from the Fukushima Dai-Ichi accident, 2011.
  16. Ventana, Vensim Simulation Software. Ventana Systems, Inc., 2015.
  17. Kyung-Bae Jang and Tae-Ho Woo, "Nuclear Power Plant Safety Assessment Using the Cloud Computing Based IoT," 2019 Conferences of Korea Internet of Things Society, Vol.4, No.1, pp.19-20, 2019.
  18. USNRC, SECY-93-092, PRA attachment 4. USNRC Commission Papers, 1993.
  19. J. Lim, "A Study on the Characteristics of Human Resources Required in Electronics Company," Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society, Vol.3 , No.2, pp. 33-39, 2017.