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A Meta-analysis of variables related to Empowerment of social workers

사회복지사의 임파워먼트와 관련된 변인에 관한 메타분석

  • 이정건 (서강대학교 경영전문대학원)
  • Received : 2020.09.24
  • Accepted : 2020.12.04
  • Published : 2020.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to reveal the magnitude of the correlation effect between variables related to empowerment of social workers. To this end, 30 studies published in Korea were analyzed through meta-analysis. The results are as follows. First, the overall effect size of the variable group was the median effect size; the job-related positive variables showed the largest effect size among the variable groups, and then came the organization-related variables, the personal psychology-related variables, the job-related negative variables, and the personal background variables in that order. Second, among the factors related to personal background variables, all factors except position were found to have a small effect size, or close to a small effect size. Self-esteem, which is an individual psychologically related variable, showed a medium effect size close to a large effect size. Among the organizationally related variables, organizational commitment and transformational leadership showed a large effect size, and organization culture showed a medium effect size. In addition, job satisfaction, which is a positive job-related variable, showed a large effect size, while burnout from job-related negative variables showed a large effect size, and turnover intention showed a medium effect size.

본 연구는 사회복지사의 임파워먼트와 관련된 변인들 간의 상관관계 효과 크기를 밝히는 것에 목적을 두고 있다. 이를 위하여 국내에서 출간된 석·박사 학위논문 22편과 학술지 논문 8편 총 30편을 선정하여 메타분석을 통해 분석하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 변인군 전체효과 크기는 중간효과크기를 나타냈고, 변인군 별 효과크기는 직무관련 긍정변인군이 가장 큰 효과크기를 보였고, 그다음 조직관련변인군, 개인관련심리변인군, 직무관련부정변인군, 개인배경 관련변인군 순으로 나타났다. 둘째, 변인군 별 하위변인 효과크기는 개인배경관련변인군 가운데 중간효과크기를 보인 직위를 제외한 모든 요인들이 작은효과크기 또는 작은효과크기에 가까운 것으로 나타났다. 개인심리관련변인군인 자아존중감은 큰효과크기에 가까운 중간효과크기를 보인 것으로 나타났으며, 조직관련변인군 중 조직몰입과 변혁적리더십은 큰효과크기를, 조직문화는 중간효과크기를 가진 것으로 나타났다. 또한 직무관련긍정변인군인 직무만족은 큰효과크기를 보인 것으로 나타났고 직무관련부정변인군 중 소진은 큰효과크기를, 이직의도는 중간효과크기를 가진 것으로 나타났다. 결론적으로 본 연구는 사회복지사의 임파워먼트와 관련하여 선행된 연구들을 통합적으로 정리하여 객관적 결과를 살피기 위한 수량적 통합을 시도했다는데 의의가 있으며, 연구결과를 통해 사회복지사의 임파워먼트 향상을 위한 정책수립 및 프로그램 개발에 기초적 자료를 제공하며 미래연구방향에 대한 시사점과 후속연구를 위한 방향을 제언하였다는데 의의가 있다.

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