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The Effect of Maternal Rejective Parenting Attitude on Children's Leadership: Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem and Gender Difference

어머니의 거부적 양육태도가 유아의 리더십에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감의 매개효과와 성차

  • Jeong, Ji Hye (Early Childhood Education Major, Graduate School of Education, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kang, Min Ju (Department of Child & Family Studies, Yonsei University)
  • 정지혜 (연세대학교 교육대학원 유아교육전공) ;
  • 강민주 (연세대학교 아동.가족학과)
  • Received : 2009.06.19
  • Accepted : 2019.07.12
  • Published : 2019.08.30

Abstract

This study examined the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between maternal rejective parenting attitude and children's leadership as well as identified gender differences in the mediating pathways. The mediating effects of this study were examined after controlling the effect of maternal employment status on rejection parenting attitude and the effect of siblings on the children's leadership. Participants consisted of 330 five- and six-year-old children (151 boys and 179 girls) and their mothers. Data analyses included t-tests, F tests, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ post-hoc tests and Pearson's correlation. Structure equation modeling examined the mediating effect of self-esteem. Bootstrapping method was applied to examine the significance of the mediating effects. Gender differences in the mediating effect were examined through multiple group path analyses. The results of this study were as follows. First, self-esteem mediated the relationship between the maternal rejective parenting attitude on children's leadership. Second, there was a significant gender difference in the mediating pathways with a full mediating effect of self-esteem for boys; however, there was only a partial mediating effect for the girls. This study has implication for investigating gender difference in the mediating mechanism of explaining variance in the leadership of preschoolers. The limitations and more implications of this study are also discussed.

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