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Protective Effect of Membrane-Free Stem Cell Extract against Oxidative Stress in LLC-PK1 Cells

무막줄기세포추출물의 LLC-PK1 세포에서의 산화적 스트레스 개선 효과

  • Kim, Min Jeong (Department of Food Science and Nutrition & Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Ji Hyun (Department of Food Science and Nutrition & Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Hye Sook (T-STEM Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Young Sil (T-STEM Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Cho, Eun Ju (Department of Food Science and Nutrition & Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University)
  • 김민정 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소) ;
  • 김지현 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소) ;
  • 박혜숙 ((주)티스템) ;
  • 김영실 ((주)티스템) ;
  • 조은주 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소)
  • Received : 2019.05.07
  • Accepted : 2019.08.02
  • Published : 2019.08.31

Abstract

Oxidative stress in kidneys can precede the development of chronic renal injury. We investigated the antioxidative effect of membrane-free stem cell extract (MFSCE) from adipose tissue in LLC-$PK_1$ renal proximal tubule cells. Treatment of LLC-$PK_1$ cells with MFSCE showed the up-regulation of heme-oxygenase-1, thioredoxin reductase 1, and NADPH quinine oxidoreductase-1 protein expressions, which are proteins related with antioxidative activities. When oxidative stress was induced by 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1), cell viability was decreased, indicating that LLC-$PK_1$ cells were damaged by SIN-1. However, MFSCE significantly elevated cell viability from 58.84% to 64.43% at the concentration of $2.5{\mu}g/mL$ in oxidative stress-induced LLC-$PK_1$ cells. Furthermore, MFSCE ameliorated inflammation and apoptosis in SIN-1-treated LLC-$PK_1$ cells by modulating protein expressions. Inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 protein expressions were down-regulated when LLC-$PK_1$ cells were treated with MFSCE. Apoptosis-related proteins, including B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X protein/B-cell lymphoma-2 ratio, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved-poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, were also down-regulated. It indicated that MFSCE protected apoptosis against oxidative stress in LLC-$PK_1$ cells. Taken together, these results suggested that MFSCE had a protective effect against SIN-1-induced oxidative stress in LLC-$PK_1$ cells. Therefore, MFSCE could be a promising therapeutic agent for oxidative stress-induced renal injury.

신장에서 발생한 산화적 스트레스는 조직을 손상시키고 이는 만성신장질환으로 이어질 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 LLC-$PK_1$ 신장세포를 이용하여 산화적 스트레스 개선 효과를 살펴보았다. LLC-$PK_1$ 세포에 무막줄기세포추출물을 처리했을 때 체내 항산화 단백질인 heme-oxygenase-1, thioredoxin reductase 1, 및 NADPH quinine oxidoreductase-1의 발현이 증가함을 확인하였다. LLC-$PK_1$에 산화적 스트레스를 유도하기 위하여 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1)을 처리한 결과 세포생존율이 감소하여 산화적 스트레스로 인해 세포가 손상됨을 확인하였다. 그러나 무막줄기세포추출물을 처리하였을 때 세포생존율이 증가하였으며, $2.5{\mu}g/mL$에서 세포생존율이 58.84%에서 64.43%까지 증가하였다. 또한 무막줄기세포추출물은 LLC-$PK_1$ 세포에서 SIN-1으로 유도된 염증 및 세포사멸을 조절하였다. 염증 관련 단백질인 inducible nitric oxide synthase와 cyclooxygenase-2는 무막줄기세포 추출물을 처리했을 때 단백질 발현이 감소하였고, 세포사멸과 관련된 B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X protein/B-cell lymphoma-2 비율과 cleaved caspase-3, cleaved-poly (ADP-ribose) polymeras의 단백질 발현이 감소함을 확인하였다. 결과적으로 무막줄기세포출물은 SIN-1을 처리한 LLC-$PK_1$ 세포에서 산화적 스트레스에 대한 보호 효과가 있음을 알 수 있었으며, 이들 결과를 바탕으로 무막줄기세포추출물의 항산화 기능성 소재로서의 활용 가능성을 확인하였다.

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