Effects of Tourist and Accommodation on the Municipal Solid Waste Generation in the Small Island

소규모 도서지역에서 관광객 및 숙박시설이 생활폐기물 발생량에 미치는 영향

  • Lim, Ji-Young (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Incheon National University) ;
  • Park, Sang-Hyun (Environment and Green Division, Ongjin County) ;
  • Song, Seung-Jun (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Incheon National University) ;
  • Cho, Young-Gun (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Incheon National University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Han (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Incheon National University)
  • 임지영 (인천대학교 건설환경공학과) ;
  • 박상현 (옹진군청 환경녹지과) ;
  • 송승준 (인천대학교 건설환경공학과) ;
  • 조영근 (인천대학교 건설환경공학과) ;
  • 김진한 (인천대학교 건설환경공학과)
  • Received : 2018.12.24
  • Accepted : 2019.02.18
  • Published : 2019.03.30


This study analyzed the correlation between generation of municipal solid waste (MSW), number of tourists, and area of accommodation facilities of small island such as Shin, Si, Mo and Jangbong island in Ongjin county, Incheon for use as basic data for estimation of MSW generation. An analysis of statistics data from september in 2012 to august in 2018 showed MSW generation was steadily increasing, and MSW generation in 2018 was increased by about 3.98 times compared to 2012. In summer, which is the tourist season, MSW generation was 2.43~9.39 times higher than in winter. MSW generation was influenced by the number of tourists. As of August 2018, generation rate of per capita of MSW was $0.839kg/cap{\cdot}day$, which was about 3.71 times higher than August 2013. Area of accommodation increased continuously from 2008 to 2017, increasing by about 8.32 times. The coefficient of determination between the area of accommodation and the number of tourists was 0.8418. Also coefficient of determination between area of accommodation and MSW generation were 0.9370 and 0.6025 before and after August in 2015, respectively. Accommodation was lacked due to increase of tourists. Although accommodation was scarce because of increase in the number of tourists since 2015, the coefficient of determination decreased due to the increase in waste generation.

소규모 도서지역인 인천광역시 옹진군 북도면의 신 시 모도와 장봉도를 대상으로 생활폐기물 발생량과 관광객 수 및 숙박시설의 영업장 면적과의 상관관계를 분석하여 향후 생활폐기물 발생량 예측을 위한 기초자료로서의 활용을 위해 본 연구를 수행하였다. 2012년 9월부터 2018년 8월까지의 옹진군 북도면의 자료를 분석한 결과, 연구 대상지역의 생활폐기물 발생량은 지속적으로 증가하여 2012년 대비 2018년도 생활폐기물 발생량은 약 3.98배 증가하였으며, 관광성수기인 여름철은 겨울철에 비하여 2.43~9.39배의 높은 생활폐기물 발생량을 나타내었다. 도서 지역의 생활폐기물 발생량은 유입된 관광객 수에 영향을 받으므로 관광객들에 의해 버려진 생활폐기물의 발생량을 산정한 결과 2018년 8월 기준 관광객 1인이 1일 발생하는 생활폐기물 발생량은 0.839 kg/인 일로 분석되어 2013년 8월과 비교할 때 약 3.71배 증가한 것으로 확인되었다. 또한, 숙박시설의 영업장 면적은 2008년부터 2017년까지 지속적으로 증가하여 10년 동안 약 8.32배 증가하였다. 숙박시설의 영업장 면적과 관광객 수와의 상관계수는 0.8418로 산출되었고, 숙박시설의 영업장 면적과 생활폐기물 발생량의 상관계수는 2015년 8월 전 후로 각각 0.9370 및 0.6025로 산출되었는데 2015년 이후 관광객의 급격한 증가로 인해 숙박시설은 부족한 반면, 생활폐기물 발생량은 증가하여 상관계수가 다소 낮게 나타나게 된 것으로 사료된다.


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Fig. 1. Comparison of between number of tourists and amount of MSW.

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Fig. 2. Trends of area of accommodations and MSW generation.

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Fig. 3. Relationship between area of accommodations and tourists.

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Fig. 4. Relationship between area of accommodations and MSW generation.

Table 1. Characteristics of MSW Generation

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Table 2. Seasonal Characteristics of Amount of MSW

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Table 3. Number of Residents and Tourists

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Table 4. Generation Rate of MSW

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Table 5. Estimation Results of MSW Generation Rate by Tourists

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