A Study on the Improvement of Safety Management on Container Terminal -Using Hazard Identification and Bow-tie Method-

컨테이너 터미널 안전관리 개선방안에 관한 연구 - 위험성 평가 및 보우타이기법이용 -

  • Park, Sunghun (HSSETeam, Pusan New International Terminal) ;
  • You, Ji-Won (KMI-KMOU Cooperation Course, Korea Maritime and Ocean University) ;
  • Kim, Yul-Seong (logistics system engineering, Korea maritime and Ocean University)
  • 박성훈 (PNIT HSSE팀 안전기획) ;
  • 유지원 (한국해양대학교 KMI-KMOU 학연협동과정) ;
  • 김율성 (한국해양대학교 물류시스템공학)
  • Received : 2019.01.21
  • Accepted : 2019.02.27
  • Published : 2019.02.28


It is time to study safety improvement on container terminals to maintain a high-quality service to customers' productivity and safety. The data analyzed was of the past 3 years accidents data from a container terminal in the Busan port. I especially tried to found out the equipment that had the highest number of accidents and what the main causes were. This study suggests the top hazards identified in the container terminal using risk assessment, Moreover, it seeks control measurements to prevent hazards by bowtie methodology.

부산항 'A' 터미널에서 발생한 지난 3년간의 사고 데이터를 분석하여 어떤 장비가 가장 많이 사고를 발생하였고 어떤 위험점이 가장 높은지를 위험성 평가기법으로 알아보고, 이러한 사고를 미연에 방지하기 위한 방안을 보우타이 기법을 활용하여 제시하고자 한다. 실증자료를 분석한 결과 터미널 내의 이동장비 중 야드 트랙터의 충돌사고가 가장 높은 것으로 나타났다. 안전한 부산항을 만들기 위하여 우리는 가장 먼저 야드 트랙터의 충돌사고 예방법 (Control measure)과 사고 발생 시 대처방안 (Recovery measure)을 철저히 준비하여 사고를 미연에 방지하여야 할 것이다. 본 연구의 결과는 관련 실무에 다양한 시사점을 제공하였다.


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Fig. 1 Process of bow-tie evaluation technique Source: KOSHA Guide X-19-2010

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Fig. 2 Trend of container throughput by port in Korea andbusan port (2013-2017)

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Fig. 3 Risk assesment Table of ‘A’ container terminal

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Fig. 4 Result of analysis bow-tie (Improvement plan)

Table 1 Status of safety accident by industry 2017 (Unit: Number of People)

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Table 2 Summary of previous studies

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Table 3 Trend of safety accidents in busan port(2013-2017)

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Table 4 Status of safety accident by service period(2017)

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Table 5 Status of safety accident by working Time(2017)

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Table 6 Status of safety accident by types(2017)

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Table 7 Annual safety accident trend(2015~2017)

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Table 8 Status of safety accidents by time zone(2015~2017)

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Table 9 Safety accidents by day of the week(2015-2017)

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Table 10 Status of safety accidents by equipment(2015-2017)

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Table 11 Status of safety accidents by type(2015-2017)

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Table 13 Result of hazard assessment

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Table 12 Status of safety accidents by cause(2015-2017)

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