The Effects of Medical Expenditure on Income Inequality in Elderly and Non-Elderly Households by Income Class

소득계층별 노인과 비 노인가구의 의료비 지출이 소득불평등에 미치는 영향

  • 이용재 (호서대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2018.07.27
  • Accepted : 2018.10.20
  • Published : 2018.10.28


This study aims to identify the inequalities and characteristics of health care expenditure of the elderly and non-elderly households by income level. As a result, health care expenditure of elderly households was statistically significantly higher than that of non-elderly households. As a result of calculating the concentration index of health care expenditure by income level, inequality was higher in order of non-elderly households, elderly households, and total households. In order to confirm the effect of health expenditure on household income inequality, we calculated the concentration index of income excluding total health care expenditure from total income. As a result, inequality was higher in order of elderly households, whole households, and non-elderly households. There was not much difference in inequality of health care expenditure among elderly households and non-elderly households. And, the health care expenditure of elderly households was much higher than that of non-elderly households. Also, inequality of health care expenditure by income group was serious. There should be no cases where the medical care support policy for elderly households can not use necessary medical services.


Supported by : Hoseo University


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