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The Awareness of the Dietary Education and Dietary Management Competency of (Preliminary) Teachers in Primary and Secondary Schools

초·중등 예비교사와 교사의 식생활 교육에 대한 인식과 식생활 관리 역량

  • Kim, Yunhwa (Education Research Institute, Daegu University)
  • 김윤화 (대구대학교 사범대학부설 교육연구소)
  • Received : 2018.07.31
  • Accepted : 2018.09.30
  • Published : 2018.09.30

Abstract

Attitudes to the health and dietary life of teachers affect their students. The purpose of this study was to investigate dietary and education awareness, eating habits and dietary management competency of the preliminary teachers and teachers. Data was collected from 812 pre-service teachers and teachers in South Korea using a 5-Likert self-administrated questionnaire in October to December of 2017. Data was analyzed using factor analysis, reliability, one-way analysis of variance, and correlation. The results of this study are as follows. Dietary and education awareness was classified into dietary concern and dietary management stress. Eating habits composed of healthy eating habit and bad eating habit. Dietary management competency was sub-grouped into dietary knowledge, cooking, dietary sanitation and safety, and environment. The all factors of pre - service teachers and teachers showed a significant difference except for the environmental ability factor (p <0.01). All factors were significantly different according to the age and the number of meal preparation (p <0.05). The eating habits were not significantly differences from sex. The major and health condition showed significant differences except dietary management stress and cooking factors (p <0.01). The obesity index showed significant difference in the dietary concern, bad eating habits, and cooking factors (p <0.01). In conclusion, it was required to education and develop education materials that can help the STEAM education using the dietary area. The dietary education program for the pre - service teachers and the teachers should increase the number of participating in the meal preparation considering the difference according to the general characteristics, so that the dietary management competency and the healthy eating habits should be formed.

교사의 건강과 식생활에 대한 태도는 학생들에게 영향을 미친다. 본 연구에서는 초·중등 예비교사와 교사의 식생활과 교육에 대한 인식, 식습관, 식생활 관리 역량을 알아보기 위해 실시되었다. 2017년 10월부터 12월까지 서울·경기, 충청, 전라, 강원, 경상 지역의 교육대학과 사범대학에 재학 중인 예비교사와 초·중·고등학교 교사 812명을 대상으로 5-Likert 자기기입식 설문조사로 실시되었다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS PC +24를 이용하여 빈도, 백분율을 구하였다. Varimax 회전법에 의한 요인분석을 실시하였고, Cronbach's α를 이용하여 신뢰도를 검증하였으며, 식생활과 교육에 대한 인식, 식습관, 식생활 관리 역량의 일반사항에 따른 차이점을 알아보기 위해 one-way ANOVA와 Ryan-Einot-Gabriel-Welsch F를 이용하여 p<0.05 수준에서 유의성을 검정하였다. 본 연구의 요인분석 결과 식생활과 교육에 대한 인식은 식생활 관심도와 식생활 관리 스트레스의 2개 요인이 추출되었고, 식습관은 건강 식습관과 나쁜 식습관의 2개 요인으로 구성되었다. 식생활 관리 역량은 식생활 지식, 조리, 식생활 위생 및 안전, 환경의 4개 요인으로 구성되었다. 식생활 관심도 평균은 3.81±0.73점, 식생활 관리 스트레스 3.09±0.95점이었다. 건강 식습관은 3.39±0.77점, 나쁜 식습관 3.31±0.91점, 식생활 관리 역량 평균 점수는 3.29±0.73점이었고, 식생활 지식 요인 3.29±0.67점, 조리 요인 3.02±0.82점, 식생활 위생 및 안전 요인 4.16±0.63점, 환경 요인 3.12±0.89점이었다. 예비교사와 교사는 식생활 관리 역량의 환경 요인을 제외한 모든 요인들이 유의적인 차이를 보였다(p<0.01). 식생활 관심 요인은 성별, 전공, 나이, 건강상태, 비만도, 식사준비참여 횟수에 따라 유의적인 차이를 보였다(p<0.05). 식생활 관리 역량의 평균점수는 성별, 전공, 나이, 건강상태, 식사준비참여 횟수에 따라 유의적인 차이를 보였다(p<0.01). 예비교사와 교사를 대상으로 한 식생활 교육은 일반사항에 따른 차이점을 고려하고, 식사준비에 참여하는 횟수를 높여 식생활 관리 역량을 강화하며, 건강한 식습관이 형성되도록 적극적인 교육과 홍보가 요구되었다. 또한 식생활 영역을 활용한 융합 교육을 도울 수 있는 자료 개발이 요구되었다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

이 논문은 한국연구재단 지원을 받고 수행되었음(No. NRF-2016S1A5B5A07921094).

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