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노인의 주관적 계층의식이 삶의 만족에 미치는 영향: 우울 매개효과를 중심으로

The Impact Subjective Class Consciousness on Life Satisfaction of the Elderly: A Mediation Effect of Depression

  • 최윤정 (경남정보대학교 사회복지과)
  • Choi, Youn-Jeong (Kyungnam College of Information & Technology, Department of Social Welfare)
  • 투고 : 2018.02.19
  • 심사 : 2018.06.01
  • 발행 : 2018.06.30

초록

본 연구는 노인의 주관적 계층의식과 삶의 만족과의 관계를 알아보고, 이 관계에서 우울이 어떠한 영향을 주고 있는지 살펴보는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이는 노인의 삶의 만족도의 영향요인을 기존의 개인적 차원 요인 뿐 아니라 사회 내에서 개인의 상대적 위치인 주관적 계층의식에 대해 논의해 봄으로써 노인 삶의 만족도에 대한 새로운 관점을 제시하는 의의가 있다고 하겠다. 이를 위하여 노인의 주관적 계층의식, 삶의 만족도, 우울의 정도를 파악하고, 주관적 계층의식과 삶의 만족도의 관계에서 우울의 매개효과를 검증하였다. 본 연구는 2014년 한국고용정보원의 '고령화 연구패널 5차자료'를 활용하여 65세 이상 노인 4,222명을 대상으로 구조방정식 모형 분석을 실시하였다. 분석결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 노인의 주관적 계층의식은 삶의 만족도에 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 또한 노인의 주관적 계층의식이 우울에도 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었으며, 노인 우울 역시 삶의 만족도에 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 즉, 노인의 주관적 계층의식이 높을수록 우울 수준은 낮고 삶의 만족도는 높은 관계가 나타났다. 둘째, 노인의 주관적 계층의식과 삶의 만족도의 관계에서 우울의 매개효과를 검증한 결과, 우울은 노인의 주관적 계층의식이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향을 매개하는 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과를 근거로 노인의 주관적 계층의식을 높이고 우울 수준을 낮추거나 예방하여 삶의 만족도를 높일 수 있는 정책적, 실천적 함의를 제시하였다. 첫째, 노인의 주관적 계층의식을 높이기 위한 정책적 방안으로 주거 지원 정책과 여가활용지원을 통한 사회적 자본을 활용하고 강화할 수 있어야 한다. 둘째, 우울을 감소시키기 위하여 지역사회 기반의 네트워크 구축을 통한 노인 정신건강서비스 제공 등을 제안하였다.

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