The Influence of Mother's and Father's Conflict Resolution Styles on Adolescents' Use of Swear Words: The Mediating Role of Aggression

부와 모의 갈등해결양식이 청소년의 욕설사용에 미치는 영향: 공격성의 매개역할

  • 이보현 (경남대학교 대학원 상담 및 임상심리전공) ;
  • 이은희 (경남대학교 심리학과)
  • Received : 2018.02.16
  • Accepted : 2018.04.09
  • Published : 2018.05.31


The study is to find out the influence of mother's and father's conflict resolution styles(aggressive and compromising) on adolescents' use of swear words. This study also investigates whether aggression has a mediated effect in terms of the relationship between mother's and father's conflict resolution styles and their children's use of swear words. To this end, self-report type of questionnaire was conducted to 570 students who attend at 6 different middle schools located in Gyeongnam Province. To the exclusion of incomplete and insincere answers, 477 were selected as the raw data of the research. The summarization of the results is as follows: First, the aggressive type of conflict resolution style with mothers has positive correlation with the students' use of swear words. When the conflict resolution style with mothers gets aggressive, their children's use of swear word increases accordingly. Second, it is confirmed that aggression has a mediated effect when it comes to teenagers' use of swear words triggered by mother's aggressive conflict resolution styles and father's aggressive conflict resolution styles. Therefore, if the conflict between children and parents is not appropriately resolved, the children's aggression accumulates and thereby children's use of swear words increases.

본 연구에서는 부와 모와의 갈등해결양식(공격적 절충적)이 청소년의 욕설사용에 미치는 영향과 부와 모와의 갈등해결양식과 청소년의 욕설사용과의 관계에서 공격성이 매개효과가 있는지를 알아보고자 하였다. 본 연구를 수행하기 위해 G도의 3개시 소재 6개 학교 중학생 570명을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하였으며, 최종적으로 477부를 선정하여 연구 자료로 사용하였다. 주요 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 모와의 공격적 갈등해결양식이 청소년의 욕설사용에 정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 부와 모와의 갈등해결양식과 청소년의 욕설사용과의 관계에서 공격성이 매개효과를 가지는 지에 대해서 알아본 결과, 부와 모의 공격적 갈등해결양식과 욕설사용과의 관계에서 공격성이 매개효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 청소년과 부모사이의 갈등이 적절하게 해결되지 못하면 공격성을 축적시켜서 욕설사용이 증가되는 것으로 볼 수 있다. 본 연구결과는 청소년과 부와 모와의 공격적 갈등해결양식이 공격성을 상승시키는 방식을 통하여 간접적으로 청소년의 욕설사용을 촉발함을 확인하였다는 데에 그 의의가 있으며, 이 결과가 현재 사회의 큰 문제가 되고 있는 학교폭력과 연관 될 수 있는 청소년 자녀의 욕설사용을 감소시킬 수 있는 부모교육 프로그램의 개발의 기초자료로 활용 될 수 있기를 기대한다.


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