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The Effects of Motivation Enhancement for smoking cessation Program on Middle School Students' Knowledge on smoking, self-efficacy, and Daily amount of Smoking

금연동기강화상담 프로그램이 중학교 남학생의 흡연지식, 자기효능감 및 일일 흡연량에 미치는 영향

  • Chang, Koung-Oh (Department of Nursing Science, Y'sU(Youngsan University)) ;
  • Kang, Jung-Hwa (Department of Nursing Science, Graduate School of Y'sU(Youngsan University))
  • 장경오 (영산대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 강정화 (영산대학교 일반대학원 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.08.29
  • Accepted : 2018.12.07
  • Published : 2018.12.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a Motivation Enhancement for Smoking Cessation Program on middle school students' knowledge regarding smoking, self-efficacy, and daily amount of smoking. The study used a nonequivalent control group pre-post-test design and included 47 students who smoke from two middle schools located in city U as subjects. Subjects were separated into two groups, an experimental group with 23 students and a control group with 24 students. Data were collected from February 19, 2018 to May 11, 2018 and analyzed using the IBM SRSS/win 24.0 program to conduct a t-test, ${\chi}^2$-test, Fisher's exact test, and a paired t-test. After subjects went through the Motivation Enhancement for Smoking Cessation Program, their knowledge regarding smoking (t= 3.38, p=0.002), self-efficacy (t= -3.37, p=0.002), and their daily amount of smoking (t=3.38, p=0.002) showed significant changes. The results indicate that the Motivation Enhancement for Smoking Cessation Program is effective at increasing subjects' knowledge regarding smoking and self- efficacy while decreasing their daily amount of smoking. Therefore, to induce cessation of adolescent smoking, Motivation Enhancement for Smoking Cessation Programs tailored to each student should be held.

본 연구는 금연동기강화상담 프로그램이 중학교 남학생의 흡연지식, 자기효능감 및 일일 흡연량에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 목적으로 시도되었다. 연구방법은 U시에 소재한 2개의 중학교에서 흡연하는 남학생을 대상으로 총 47명으로 이 중 실험군은 23명, 대조군은 24명을 대상으로 한 비동등성 대조군 사전 사후 설계를 이용한 유사 실험연구로, 연구기간은 2018년 2월 19일부터 5월 11일까지 자료를 수집하였다. 연구 통계방법은 IBM SPSS/win 24.0 프로그램을 이용하여 t-test, ${\chi}^2$-test, Fisher's exact test 그리고 paired t-test로 분석하였다. 그 결과 금연동기강화상담 프로그램 적용 후 흡연지식(t=3.38, p=.002), 자기효능감(t=-3.37, p=.002) 및 일일 흡연량(t=3.38, p=.002)는 두 군간에 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 흡연하는 중학교 남학생에게 흡연지식과 자기효능감 향상 및 일일 흡연량을 감소시킬 수 있는 유용한 간호중재 프로그램임을 확인 할 수 있었다. 그러므로 향후 청소년들의 금연과 재흡연 예방을 유도하기 위해서는 학생 개개인의 특성에 맞는 다양한 금연동기강화상담 프로그램을 적용하여 청소년들의 금연동기와 흥미를 끌 수 있도록 해야 할 것이다.

Table 1. Motivation interviewing for smoking cessation program

SHGSCZ_2018_v19n12_393_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Homogeneity Test for General Characteristics of among Groups

SHGSCZ_2018_v19n12_393_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Homogeneity Test of Outcome Variables

SHGSCZ_2018_v19n12_393_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Dependent Variables Score between Experimental and Control Group

SHGSCZ_2018_v19n12_393_t0004.png 이미지

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