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Cross Calibration of Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Equipment for Diagnosis of Osteoporosis: between Domestic Manufacturers and Global Manufacturers

골밀도 장치의 교차분석 ; 국내 제조사와 해외 제조사 비교

  • Kim, Jung-Su (Department of Radiologic Technology, Chungbuk Health & Science University)
  • 김정수 (충북보건과학대학교 방사선과)
  • Received : 2018.11.05
  • Accepted : 2018.12.31
  • Published : 2018.12.30

Abstract

Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry is mainly used as an X-ray test method. For equipment manufactured GE and Hologic, cross-calibration analyses (CCA) of machines from the same manufacturer and between units from different manufacturers have been conducted, but the CCA of equipment manufactured in Korea are inadequate. Through CCA, we present a formula of the intersections between the Korean medical equipment company (KEC) with GE and Hologic manufactured DXA, and among the KEC DXA. The CCA was conducted for the European Spine Phantom on DXA from four KEC and three global medical equipment company (GEC) manufacturers. We compared bone mineral density (BMD) values and calculated the CCA equation by linear regression analysis. The standard-deviations (SD) of the BMD values were highest for the Dexxum T for the low, medium, and high spine, which were 0.030, 0.029, and 0.037, respectively. The smallest SD in the low and medium vertebrae were 0.005 and 0.004 for the Horizon Ci, respectively, and 0.005 for the Osteo Pro Max in the high vertebrae. Based on the intersection equations of the KEC DXA established in this study, CCA of various KEC DXA should be established for more accurate follow-up of BMD tests in clinical environments.

골다공증의 진단에서 이중에너지 X선 흡수계수법은 가장 빈번하게 사용되는 검사이다. 외국의 골밀도 장치 제조사인 지이나 홀로직 장치에 대한 교차분석 연구는 다양하나 국내 제조사 이중에너지 X선 흡수골밀도 장치에 대한 비교 분석이 부족하다. 이에 본 연구에서는 국내 제조사의 이중에너지 X선 흡수골밀도 장치와 해외 제조사의 이중에너지 X선 흡수 골밀도 장치의 교차분석을 시행하여 교차식을 수립하였다. 유럽인 척추 팬텀을 이용한 검사에서 가장 높은 표준 편차를 보인 Dexxum T 장치의 경우 상. 중. 하부 척추에서0.030, 0.029, 0.037를 보였고, 홀로직의 Horizon Ci에서는 0.005와 0.004로 하부와 중간 척추에서 가장 낮은 표준편차를 나타냈다. 오스테오 프로맥스 장치의 경우 상부 척추에서 0.005의 표준편자를 나타냈다. 본 연구에서 도출한 국내 외 이중에너지 흡수 골밀도 장치의 교차식은 임상환경에서 골밀도 검사의 추척검사에 유용한 사례가 될 것이다. 또한 본 연구에서 제시한 국산 이중에너지 X선골밀도 장치에 대해 설정된 교차 방정식에 기초로 임상환경에서 보다 정확한 골밀도 추적 관찰을 위해 보다 다양한 국산 이중에너지 X선 골밀도 장치의 교차 보정을 설정하는 것이 필요하다.

Keywords

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Fig. 1. The European Spine Phantom.

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Fig. 2. Bone mineral density measured in the low spine by european spine phantom.

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Fig. 3. Bone mineral density measured in the middle spine by european spine phantom.

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Fig. 4. Bone mineral density measured in the high spine by european spine phantom.

Table 1. Test dual energy X-ray absorptiometry equipment list

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Table 2. Average BMD values of each dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (g/cm2) and standard deviation

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Table 3. Average error of BMD values between ESP standard BMD values for each dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (g/cm2)

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Table 4. Cross calibration equation ware presented between each dual energy X-ray absorptiometry.

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Table 5. Cross calibration for Hologic QDR2000, Lunar and Norland DXA[9]

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Food and Drug Safety

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